Diet and fitness in adulthood: how to lose weight at 45 years old woman

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After 40 years, the female body is rebuilt. Hormonal failure leads to a slowdown in all metabolic processes and biological rhythms. Over the years, overweight and facial wrinkles appear. How to lose weight at 45 years old woman and look younger than her age, what menu to adhere to have a slim figure? Nutrition adjustment is the main factor in losing weight, but there are several more criteria that help this process..

Why do women recover after 45 years

Overweight is a concern for women of all ages. As they grow older, their body undergoes many different changes: the beginning of the menstrual cycle, preparation for the birth of children, becoming a mother. During these periods, many physiological stresses and hormonal jumps occur, the body changes and not always for the better. With the onset of the menopause after 45 years, the woman’s body tunes in to another life cycle associated with the termination of the reproductive system.

Hormonal changes

How to lose weight after 45 years for a woman if the period of menopause is due to a change in metabolism. This is a kind of transitional age, therefore it is also an age-related psychological crisis, accompanied by a depressive state. The surest sign of a change in the hormonal background is a strong accumulation of fat mass, which appears in characteristic places for the female body: back, sides, abdomen, hips. The activity of sex hormones has a direct effect on the rate of fat burning, metabolism. What hormones are involved in hormonal imbalances:

  1. Estrogen. After 45 years, it rapidly decreases, after which ovulation stops in the ovaries. The woman’s body, trying to compensate for this deficiency, begins to accumulate adipose tissue, which contains aromatase – an enzyme that converts androgens to estrogens.
  2. Progesterone. It is produced during pregnancy. Since the woman’s reproductive function fades after 45, the amount of this hormone decreases. This process responds with excruciating “tides”, the rapid accumulation of fluid and fat.
  3. Androgens. These are male sex hormones contained in the body of a woman. With a decrease in progesterone and estrogen, androgens begin to prevail, which provokes an increase in the fat layer on the hips and abdomen.

Woman sitting in a field

Decreased physical activity

In addition to hormonal imbalance, a decrease in physical activity is of great importance for the problem of excess weight. How to lose weight after 45 women using sports? Without regular exercise, the body becomes flabby, the muscles become weak, and the joints lose strength. Hypodynamia reduces the metabolic rate, which entails rapid weight gain. Goals of physical activity after 45 years:

  • activation of metabolic processes;
  • decrease in fat deposits;
  • weight control;
  • retardation of aging;
  • normalization of the digestive system;
  • oncology prevention.

How to build a woman over 45

Some women gain weight during menopause, others have a genetic tendency to be overweight. It is possible to lose weight, regardless of age and social status, if you follow some rules:

  1. You can’t starve. Kilos dropped by a rigid diet return very quickly. This process of losing weight adversely affects the physical and psychological condition of women.
  2. Less sweet and starchy. Baking is a favorite among foods that contribute to weight gain..
  3. More iron and calcium. With age, the bones of a woman become fragile, iron goes away, so dairy products should be consumed. It is advisable to take vitamins in addition.
  4. Less salt. It retains fluid in the body, and this causes excess weight..
  5. Regular visits to doctors. To control the process of losing weight and monitor the state of health, a woman should visit a therapist, gynecologist, mammologist, cardiologist every six months.

Calculation of daily calories for weight loss

According to nutritionists who answer the question of how to lose weight at 45 to a woman in order to lose weight, it is necessary to reduce food intake, but so that the daily calorie content does not drop below 1500 kcal. Otherwise, it is easy to earn a variety of chronic diseases. The average daily norm of consumed calories for a woman is 2000 – 2500 kcal. However, each organism is individual and has its own characteristics. For a more effective result, daily calorie is calculated by the formula: 10 x weight + 6.25 x height (in cm) – 4.92 x age – 161.

Grapefruit and cake

Drinking Compliance

Water activates metabolic processes. You should immediately make a reservation: juices, kefir and soups require digestion, therefore they are considered food. They do not need to be included in the total drinking volume. The free liquid is drinking water, green and herbal teas (without the addition of milk, honey sugar). Coffee is a diuretic, so you need to add one glass of water to each cup you drink. The required drinking regimen depends on the individual needs of the woman. The average amount of water is calculated by the formula: per 1 kg of body weight 30-40 ml / day.

Physical exercise

How to lose weight at 45 years old woman with physical activity? Regular (2-3 times a week) workouts help to “wake up” the sleeping muscles (they can be 70%). Since awake muscle fibers require nutrition, the body is forced to start metabolic processes in order to serve them. An hour and a half strength training will increase metabolism by 10%, which will subsequently remain for another five hours. This will help a woman lose weight faster. Strength training will also improve peristalsis, support the heart muscle.

Diet after 45 years for a woman to lose weight

When choosing low-calorie foods, a woman needs to consider their processing speed. For example, chocolate is quickly burned, so the appetite returns soon, forcing to reach for a new portion. If you eat the same amount of white meat, vegetables or cereal, they will saturate the body for a long time. For this reason, the first principle of a woman’s diet after 45 years is the use of energy-valuable healthy products. Other nutritional tips:

  • food is preferably taken in small portions;
  • Do not overeat;
  • it is better to remove appetite between meals with dried fruits, fruits, vegetables, nuts;
  • should not be eaten 3 hours before bedtime;
  • you can not dramatically change the diet – you need to abandon the usual diet gradually.

Woman with Carrot and Chocolate

Diet menu for losing weight after 45 years

So, how can a woman lose weight at the age of 45 with the help of nutrition correction? It is advisable to abandon fatty meats. An ideal choice would be rabbit, chicken, turkey, veal. Eggs in the menu should not be included more than 2 times a week. The use of industrial sauces is not allowed, and butter can be eaten at 10 grams per day. Legumes will help a woman lose weight: chickpeas, lentils, beans, peas. Instead of potatoes and pasta, it is better to prepare buckwheat, oatmeal, wheat or corn porridge for a side dish. Sample menu for the day:

  • breakfast: oatmeal on the water, green tea, crackers;
  • lunch: fruit salad, yogurt;
  • lunch: beetroot soup, rye bread, boiled chicken breast, dried fruit compote;
  • afternoon snack: apple;
  • dinner: low-fat cottage cheese with fruits, tea.

Fitness after 45 years

There are no special sports for ladies after 45. However, women of this age should remember that heavy loads will also not bring benefits, but only reduce the body’s defenses. For beginners, it is better to consult a doctor first, who will tell you the optimal duration of classes and the level of physical activity. Ideal workouts for mature women:

  • Pilates;
  • body flex;
  • yoga;
  • swimming;
  • some strength exercises.

Woman with dumbbells

How to lose weight after 45 years of woman without harm to health

A clear daily routine will help a woman in the fight against extra pounds. In addition to proper nutrition and physical activity, one should not forget about daily walks in the fresh air and giving up bad habits. However, the most important thing for maintaining youth and normalizing body weight is the absence of stress and always a good mood. Emotional stability will help a woman lose weight faster.

How fast can you lose weight?

The first time, kilograms always go faster. As the body mass becomes smaller, the process slows down. If you are more active in sports or switch to a hard diet, then you can lose weight faster, but then you can easily recover again. Doctors believe that the safest weight loss rate for a woman after 45 is from 1 to 1.5 kilograms per week (so that the skin has time to tighten).

Can I take weight loss products?

There are a lot of drugs with which it is easy to lose weight (according to advertising). They act on the body in different ways and solve various problems. Such drugs can and will help to improve the appearance of a woman, but it should be remembered that everyone has side effects and contraindications. Before making a choice in favor of any dietary supplements, tablets, teas or vitamins for weight loss, you need to consult a doctor.

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