Exercise Stool – how to do it and what muscles work when squatting against the wall

The content of the article

Each version of the exercise is aimed at training certain muscle groups. For women, the training of the hips and buttocks becomes a priority. Performing an exercise chair will help give a load to the muscles of the legs, it can be carried out against the wall or without additional support. The convenience of such squats is that you can carry them out anywhere where you can sit down.

What is an exercise chair

It is possible to conditionally divide all exercises in sports into dynamic and static. The first helps to increase muscle mass, tone and contractile function. The static stool exercise is aimed at strengthening the muscles, and not its growth, increasing the strength of the tendons of the legs. Such a load makes you stronger, but does not give a gain in muscle mass. The training is based on the technique of martial arts, where preference was given to strength rather than volume. The stool will give your hips, buttocks a beautiful shape, but will not make them bigger.

What gives an exercise chair

The benefit of this sports movement is to strengthen, study a large number of muscle groups. Such squats strengthen tendons, ligaments, which play an important role in fixing muscles to the skeleton. Another name for the stool is the wall exercise, it contributes to:

  • increase spiritual concentration while observing breathing control;
  • normalization of blood circulation, pressure;
  • training of feet, helps correct flat feet (if done barefoot);
  • promotes the return of organs to the desired position when lowering (for example, “floating kidney”).

Girl doing exercise. Chair with dumbbells.

What muscles work

The movement during this training is very simple, but several large muscle groups are involved during its execution. The chair belongs to the basic (multi-joint) exercises, the hip and knee joints work, you can additionally use your hands and shoulders. Listed below are the muscles involved in a squat in a high chair:

  • gluteal muscles;
  • the quadriceps silt quadriceps, which is located on the front of the thigh, gives the legs a beautiful shape;
  • hands;
  • back: upper, lower part and neck;
  • calf muscle;
  • press (all departments).

Stool – exercise for legs

This movement will be most effective if you perform it regularly and with the right technique. Statics – a great option to strengthen the muscle corset, tendons. Exercise the wall for the legs involves the hips, buttocks, back, abs, so you should properly prepare before classes:

  • well warm up all the involved parts of the body, do a warm-up;
  • clothing should be comfortable so as not to hamper movement4
  • select a wall near which there is enough free space for the lesson;
  • lean your back against the surface, imagine that you really want to sit on a chair;
  • lower yourself until the hips are parallel to the floor, there should be a 90 degree angle in the knee;
  • stay in this position for 1-3 minutes, then return to the starting position;
  • rest for 20-30 seconds and repeat the movement.

What muscles work when doing Stool exercise

Stool for buttocks

This is the initial option for training the buttocks, because the wall relieves part of the load from these muscles. Such exercises are well suited for those who are just starting to exercise and want to tone the body, strengthen their muscles. Squatting against the buttock wall will not help you pump up your butt, but it will give a beautiful shape to this part of the body. The movement is performed as follows:

  1. Stand against the wall, legs apart shoulder width apart.
  2. Leaning firmly against the surface, start moving as if you are sitting in a seat..
  3. Keep your arms extended in front of you..
  4. Lower yourself until a 90 degree angle forms in the knee.
  5. Lock the position, hold it for 1-3 minutes.
  6. Slowly climb up.
  7. Do the required number of repetitions.

What is a good exercise chair

Each person tries to choose a comfortable and at the same time effective exercise for training. The stool is well suited for both of these parameters, it helps not only to strengthen muscles, but also tendons, ligaments. You can perform workouts in any convenient place where there is a wall. The benefits of the highchair exercise are as follows:

  1. You can adjust the number of repetitions yourself. Muscles should start to “burn”, this indicates that they have received the necessary load.
  2. The stool is an extremely “unpretentious” movement. No additional equipment, special simulators are needed. At first you only need a wall for emphasis, but with the growth of strength you will perform the exercise without it. Minimum space needed – maximum result.
  3. You can train using this method every day, some people even make a high chair in the morning and evening. Muscles recover quickly after static loading.
  4. You minimize the likelihood of injury during training, the knee joints remain intact (which can not be said about squats with a barbell). Physical activity should be not only effective, but also safe.
  5. Exercise is a good prevention of spinal hernia, like all workouts on the back.

Girl doing a static exercise on the muscles of the chest

How to do an exercise chair

In any workout, it is imperative to maintain the correct technique. If you put your foot incorrectly, do not straighten your back, this will not only reduce the effectiveness of the session, but can also lead to injury. Exercises by the wall are not particularly difficult, but proper execution should still be known. You should always start with a warm-up to warm up the body and prepare it for the load. Tilt, toe up, squats, knees sideways.

The technique of the exercise has a classic embodiment and with additional objects, movements. The first option is suitable for beginners, with the growth of your skill, you can proceed to use dumbbells or squats on only one leg. In this case, the number of repetitions is not so important, the time that you can keep the body in a static squat is more important. After training, you must definitely stretch again, stretch.

Basic exercise

This is a classic version of the highchair against the wall. All the above muscle groups are involved, it is perfect for those who are just starting to train. If the squats against the wall are the first in your complex, then be sure to do a warm-up. The technique of the exercise is as follows:

  1. Get close to the wall (preferably without a baseboard), press your heels, keep your feet level (it’s best to practice barefoot) at shoulder distance.
  2. Keep your hands along the body, do not put on the wall.
  3. Lower as you inhale, resting on the surface.
  4. Lower until you sit in a chair (imaginary). Hips should be parallel to the floor.
  5. Keep your neck, back straight, nape firmly pressed against the wall.
  6. Lock in position by straining all muscles. Breathe smoothly, count seconds to yourself. For the first time, 30-40 is enough, over time, increase the time in statics to 2-3 minutes.
  7. Keeping your back, neck straight, go up, pushing yourself out of the chair. At this stage, the muscles of the buttocks, thighs will work more.

The classic version of the stool against the wall

With fitball

This is one of the variations of training with a static load. Squats with a fitball against the wall differs only in that its use helps to more actively swing stabilizers of the back muscles. The technique of the exercise completely repeats the one described above with one difference: a fitball must be placed between the wall and your back. All other training details remain the same. This fitness ball does not take up much space in the apartment, it can be used for other weight loss workouts..

No wall

This technique is borrowed from the eastern style of martial arts wushu. Exercise chair without a wall is very similar to a step transition “Mabu.” Externally, the movement is similar to dynamic squats:

  1. Keep your feet shoulder-width apart, lower legs perpendicular to the floor, thighs parallel, feet flat.
  2. As you exhale, lower to the “sitting on a chair” position.
  3. Keep your back and neck steady.

The main difference is that the wall is not used for additional support. Hands in this case, it is recommended to stretch out in front of you. Keep all your muscles tense, breathe evenly, counting seconds. When it seems to you that there is no more strength to stand, begin to rise upward, maintaining the position of the body. Stretch well, bend over a couple of times and proceed to the next approach.

With dumbbells

Be sure to do a little workout before starting a workout. Squatting with dumbbells in the hands is a complicated version of the chair exercise, which is aimed at the additional load of the shoulders and arms. the load also grows on the main muscles involved in the movement: quadriceps, inner thigh, back stabilizers, soleus. The movement is performed as follows:

  1. Lean your back against the wall (you can without it).
  2. Spread your legs at shoulder level, start crouching.
  3. Stretch your arms in front of you while holding the dumbbells.
  4. When you get a 90 degree angle in your knee, stop moving.
  5. Stay in this position for 1-3 minutes.
  6. As you inhale, begin to rise to the starting position..

Man with dumbbell

With raising the legs

There is a certain similarity with the “pistol”, which everyone performed on physical education at school. The main difference is that the squat was performed all the way to the floor – this is a dynamic load. A stool with raising legs is a static load that transfers all tension only to the right or left leg. The technique of execution at the wall is the same as in the classic version. The difference is that one of the legs should be pulled forward and held as parallel to the floor as possible. During training, be sure to alternate legs to distribute the load..

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