How to lighten hair at home with folk and cosmetic products – techniques and step-by-step instructions

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Many women try to change their appearance to become as attractive as possible. One of the most common ways is to change the color of the hair. Those who are in light tones lighten their hair by discoloring with the help of special means natural dark or colored strands. This is necessary not only to make the hairstyle light, but also to create the right base tone for future painting.

How to lighten hair

There are many ways to lighten. The main one is a serious procedure carried out by the master in the salon. It is done using special professional tools that are not on sale. At the hairdresser you can offer different methods of bleaching, which involve a change in color in certain areas and of different intensities. They will also advise you how often you can carry out the procedure so as not to harm.

Girl with her fair hair

Professional lightening

Changing the color to several tones is not an easy task, therefore it is better to trust it to professionals. An experienced master will carry out all the necessary steps, trying to maintain the health of the hair as much as possible. Hairdressers in the salon will do the procedure as follows:

  • Determine which of the bright colors will be in harmony with the client’s skin color.
  • Choose the right tool for the right tone and intensity of action.
  • They will advise whether it is possible to carry out full clarification at once or whether it is necessary to perform work in several stages so as not to burn the hair.
  • Apply special protective components so as not to destroy the roots and the stem.
  • The clarified strands will be painted in the desired color if the procedure was part of a future painting.

Lightening Techniques

Hairdressing keeps up to date, so fans of light shades are offered different options for lightening. The main types include:

  • Blonding. This is a cardinal change of tone to a lighter over the entire length. It includes complete discoloration, with the absolute destruction of natural pigment; classic, which changes color by only a few tones; platinum is one of the most fashionable today.
  • Highlighting. It is not carried out all over the head, but partially highlights individual strands, after which the entire hairstyle must be tinted to obtain a single harmonious color.
  • Shatush. This technique is designed to simulate a faded color in the sun, where the upper strands remain dark, and below the lightens more.
  • Ombre. This technique imitates overgrown roots, the color of which below is as close as possible to the original natural color..
  • Balayazh. This technique is similar to ombre, but is more difficult because of the need to achieve a light burnt shade in the upper layers.

How to lighten hair without harm

The essence of lightening is reduced to the destruction of the pigment, with which the hair structure is partially destroyed. In order to minimize the risk of damage, the following remedies are used:

  • Ammonia-free dyes. They contain a minimum of harmful components and very carefully display the color, therefore they are suitable even for damaged hair, but they cannot do a sharp transition from dark to light.
  • Oils for clarification. This is a relatively new product. They also act carefully, but not suitable for gray and dyed hair, after applying henna.
  • Products with keratin. Keratin is the remedy that makes up natural hair, it fills the entire structure, helping to maintain health after lightening.
  • Folk remedies. They will not harm, but they can lighten curls only slightly and not in one procedure.

Ammonia-free clarifying hair gel

How often can I lighten my hair

The frequency of going to the hairdresser depends on the technique of the previous dyeing and on the degree of lightening. The average time between procedures is 6-8 weeks. If we are talking about maintaining the color of the strands, as when highlighting, then you can update them after 4 weeks. It is important that during the repeated procedure the master does not touch the already lightened curls, so as not to damage them even more.

How to lighten hair with paint

To get a lighter shade, you can choose a bleaching agent that will make hair 1 to 7 tones lighter. However, it will not add any new shades. Brightening paint will not only remove dark pigment, but also add a new light, so that the entire color scheme will change, but no more than 4 shades. The more contrast you want to achieve, the more hydrogen peroxide should be contained in the paint. The action of the composition leads to the following:

  • Eumelanin, a darker pigment, is removed first..
  • Then pheomelanin is a reddish pigment.
  • Even if you don’t like the color in the process, you should not shorten the duration of the composition.
  • Previously damaged hair turns yellow..

How to lighten hair with peroxide

Inexpensive liquid sold in any pharmacy, such as hydrogen peroxide, has long been used by those who want to clarify. The procedure is very simple. On washed, moist (not wet) and well-combed strands, 3% peroxide is applied using a spray. It must be kept from 45 to 60 minutes, depending on the desired shade. After half an hour, one strand can be washed and look at the result. Light porous types brighten quickly and easily. For dark, you will need to repeat the procedure several times.

Hydrogen peroxide bleaching may not be safe. Be careful not to get it in the eyes, on the skin, on clothing. For more than an hour per session, keeping the product on the head is prohibited, so as not to cause burns on the skin. Repeat clarification is better every other day. Pouring liquid directly onto the head is strictly prohibited. You can apply it either with a spray or with a cotton swab. Remember that peroxide destroys melanin directly in the hair shaft, which severely injures it. With frequent use, this leads to brittleness, loss and even baldness.

How to lighten hair

There are many professional brands that specialize in the manufacture of clarifiers. These are oxidative emulsions, lotions, special powders that need to be diluted with additional agents, ammonia-free creams and so on. Popular brands that are in demand in beauty salons and are designed for home use include L’Oreal, Solvex, Syoss, Palette, Wella, Schwarzkopf, Garnier, Estel and others.

Mousse for lightening hair from Schwarzkopf

Professional products for clarification

Professional funds companies are trying to attract customers by developing the most efficient and gentle clarifiers possible. According to the popularity rating, the top 5 best included:

The brand

View

Act

Price / R.

1. L’Oreal Platinum

Paste

Good white color.

1500

2. Wella Professional Blondor

Powder

Gives a clean result without yellowness.

170

3. Palette Fitolinia

Paint

Does not destroy, maintaining structure.

220

4.Garnier

Cream, powder, milk

It brightens the roots well, fixes the color along the length.

100

5.Syoss

Paint

It acts sparingly, but after several procedures, yellowness may appear.

263

Folk remedies for clarification

If you are an opponent of all chemistry, then you can turn to the gifts of nature. There are several names of natural remedies that will help make the hairstyle lighter by several tones:

  • Honey can give a golden color.
  • Lemon juice is a part of masks for clarification, manifests itself in sunlight.
  • Chamomile gives a golden hue. Brunette turns to brown hair.
  • Vinegar. It oxidizes well, but should be used as part of masks, and not as a separate tool, after which it is recommended to use balm.
  • Cinnamon can not only lighten, but give a reddish, reddish hue.
  • Rhubarb has a whitening effect..
  • Onion gives a copper tint.
  • Fruits with regular use brighten and saturate with vitamins.

Lightening hair at home

When deciding to carry out the procedure yourself, remember about several important rules for using cosmetics. They will help to avoid unpleasant consequences:

  • Do not wash your hair for 2-3 days before staining..
  • Before applying paint, smear the skin along the contour of the hair with oily cream.
  • Do not overstep the composition so as not to harm.
  • Apply evenly so that the roots and tips do not appear in different shades.
  • Application always starts with darker roots..
  • In the end, you need to apply a balm.

The girl applies hair dye

Lightening strands

If you want to lighten only individual strands, choose a color that will differ by 2-3 tones. It is easiest to dye the strands if you put on a hat with holes, from where you can easily pull out the right amount of hair with a hook. Then carefully comb them and apply the product along its entire length. It is necessary to start painting from the upper parts, then the side and at the end of the lower.

Lightening dyed hair

If previously yours you painted in dark shades, then it will not work to become light the first time. Depending on the initial and desired results, this will take 3-5 sessions, which are best done at intervals of a week. For this, special washes are used, but they must be used carefully so as not to destroy the strands. Special shampoos are more gentle.

How to lighten the ends

To lighten the ends, first part on the head, and pull the hair forward. Then paint all the ends to the desired length. Wrap the painted parts with foil, leave for the time indicated on the tool. When the lightening reaction begins, remove the foil and comb it. This will remove the boundaries between the old and the new color. Close the foil again and remove it when time is up.

How to lighten the roots

The procedure for lightening the roots is carried out on a dry head. First, comb thoroughly and divide into a flat parting. Start painting from the middle of the head, painting over the length you want from the roots. Then separate the strands and flip them to the other side. Paint your whole head like that. In the end, comb again, slightly stretching the paint along the entire length.

How to lighten hair by one tone

If you need a very light clarification, instead of a professional remedy, you can choose a folk one whose effect is less pronounced and you will have more chances not to overdo it. For 1 tone, 60 g of glycerin mixed with 50 g of chamomile infused with 1 cup of boiling water will help change the color. The mask must be applied to wet curls, hold for 30 to 40 minutes, wrapping the head with foil.

2 tone hair lightening

If you decide to lighten the tone by two, it is better to choose ammonia-free cream paint. She will not act so aggressively. Not very liquid cream helps to evenly distribute the composition along the entire length without spreading, and this is important to obtain a uniform shade without ugly locks of darker or lighter colors. For the rest, proceed according to the instructions on the package.

Cream-paint for lightening hair from Syoss

How to lighten hair with folk remedies

In any artificial chemical dyes, there is one significant drawback – it makes hair weaker every time, forcing women to spend a lot of energy on maintaining and restoring health. Folk remedies that conduct home dyeing sparingly, while saturating the hair follicles with the vitamins they contain, do not have this effect. The most effective recipes use cinnamon, chamomile, lemon oil, olive.

Hair Lightening Oil

Olive oil contains many useful natural ingredients, and if combined with lemon juice, it will show itself as a brightener. This recipe is suitable for owners of light brown shades:

  • Take 3 parts olive oil, 1 part lemon juice or half a spoonful of soda.
  • Mix the ingredients thoroughly and apply liberally to the hair.
  • Comb each strand well.
  • Go out for 1 hour to sunbathe in the sun.
  • In the end you need to rinse with shampoo, but do not use a hairdryer when drying.

Cinnamon

Another natural remedy is cinnamon. Use it with honey, oil and conditioner. For cooking, do not take metal utensils:

  • First, mix all the components: 200 ml of conditioner, 3 tbsp. tablespoons cinnamon, 70 ml honey.
  • Put the mixture on clean strands, put on a shower cap.
  • Leave the mask for 3-4 hours or all night, wrapping a warm towel.
  • To enhance the effect, the procedure can be repeated.

With camomile

Chamomile itself can give your hair a soft golden hue. A more effective effect occurs when the plant is mixed with lemon and honey:

  • Take 4 tablespoons of chamomile, pour boiling water and leave to infuse for 30 minutes, strain.
  • Then add to the infusion the juice of half a lemon and 3 tbsp. l honey.
  • Next, you need to rinse with a decoction of chamomile head and leave for 1.5-2 hours.
  • Rinse off with warm water at the end..

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