Hypoglycemic diet for weight loss and diabetics – a menu for every day and a table with an index of products

The content of the article



A food system such as the glycemic index diet is based on controlling the intake of carbohydrates in the body, and the GI indicator itself indicates how quickly the glucose contained in a particular product is absorbed. Reviews of many women say that thanks to this system, you can lose weight well and very quickly. Learn the advantages and disadvantages of such a diet, see recipes for cooking diet foods.

What is a low glycemic index diet

The basis of the diet is the dependence of human body mass on the glycemic index of the foods they consume. In the field of weight loss, such a nutrition system has become a revolution, because thanks to it it is easy to lose weight, and the result remains for a long time. Observing all the rules of the diet on the glycemic index, you will not break, because the main principle of the method is to lose weight without hunger.

High Protein Foods

Diet principles

In fact, the Montignac diet is a balanced diet. Observing such a system, you need to choose which foods can be consumed, given their effect on metabolic processes: this will prevent diabetes, overweight and various kinds of vascular and heart diseases. You need to lose weight correctly – not starving, but counting the GI of products. For weight loss, this indicator should be low. In accordance with this, the author developed a table, dividing the products according to their glycemic index value. The following standards are taken as a basis:

  • low level – up to 55;
  • medium – 56-69;
  • high – from 70.

Given the initial weight, 60-180 units are recommended per day for weight loss. In addition to this technique

involves the implementation of a number of simple rules:

  • drink at least 2 liters of still water per day;
  • adhere to fractional nutrition, dividing food into several receptions. The break between them should not be more than 3 hours;
  • analyze the nutritional value of dishes – do not combine fats with carbohydrates.

Glass of water

Glycemic Index of Slimming Products

A special table where the glycemic index of the products is indicated was designed so that you had an idea of ​​how fast carbohydrates are broken down to glucose in any particular dish. The data is important for people who prefer good nutrition and for those who have diabetes and want to lose weight..

Low GI Products

Products belonging to this group are able to suppress the feeling of hunger for a long time, because when they enter the body, their complex carbohydrates are absorbed longer in the digestive tract and cause a smooth increase in sugar level. Low glycemic index foods include:

Name

GI

Oysters, soy sauce, shrimp, mussels, fish

00

Seasonings, spices

05

Crayfish

05

Avocado

10

Mushrooms, walnuts, hazelnuts and pine nuts, almonds and peanuts, pistachios and hazelnuts, broccoli, zucchini, cucumbers. Green beans, ginger, red bell pepper. Sauerkraut, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, white cabbage, spinach, rhubarb, celery. Blackcurrant, lettuce, dill, radishes, olives, onions.

fifteen

Cocoa, lemon juice, cherry, eggplant, yogurt without flavoring, dark chocolate, artichoke.

twenty

Peas, beans, barley groats. Strawberries, blackberries, strawberries, raspberries, red currants, cherries, blueberries, gooseberries.

25

Mandarin, pomelo, grapefruit, pears, passion fruit, dried apricots. Beets, garlic, lentils, carrots, marmalade, milk, pomelo, tomatoes.

thirty

Quince, apricot, orange, pomegranate, nectarine, apple, peach, sesame, poppy seeds, yogurt. Yeast, mustard, sunflower seeds, green or canned peas, corn, celery root, tomato juice. Plums, cream ice cream, black or red beans, whole grain bread or sprouted grain bread, wild rice.

35

Glycemic Index Products

During the passage of the second stage of the hypoglycemic diet, you can use:

Name

GI

Wheat flour spaghetti, dried beans, oatmeal, buckwheat, carrot juice, chicory.

40

Jam, cranberries, bread, grapes, bananas, vermicelli, coconut, grapefruit juice.

45

Mango, kiwi, pineapple, persimmon, orange, apple and blueberry juice, jam and jam, figs. Hard pasta, crab sticks, granola, brown rice, ground pear, canned peach.

fifty

Ketchup, mustard, sushi and rolls, grape juice, canned corn.

55

Cocoa with sugar, ice cream, industrial mayonnaise, lasagna, pizza with cheese and tomatoes, wheat flour pancakes, long-grain rice. Melon, papaya, oatmeal ready.

60

Rye bread, yeast brown bread, pasta with cheese, boiled potatoes in a uniform, canned vegetables, boiled beets. Jam, raisins, maple syrup, sorbet, granola with sugar, marmalade.

65

Glycemic index nutrition – where to start

Starting to build a diet based on the glycemic index of foods, completely exclude those that have a high rate: potatoes, sweet fruits, honey, popcorn and others. Remember that during pregnancy you should not limit yourself sharply, because these products contain the components necessary for the development of the baby. Plan your diet menu so that it is more composed of beans, vegetables, dairy products, oranges, beans, greens. You can add sweets to the menu, for example, marmalade.

Bean Dish

Hypoglycemic diet

A diet based on the glycemic index of foods is ideal for people who are overweight. The essence of the diet is:

  1. The exception is a sharp decline in blood sugar, because this is the main reason for false hunger because of which the body begins to store fat in the subcutaneous tissue of the abdomen and thighs from the simple carbohydrates you eat.
  2. Replacing simple carbohydrates with complex ones, so sugar will not “jump” above normal.
  3. Making a menu, the main elements of which are complex carbohydrates – they are absorbed more slowly and saturate the body for a long time.

Diet stages

Considering what constitutes a diet on the glycemic index, you should immediately familiarize yourself with all its stages:

  1. The first involves the use of foods with a low GI, due to this there will be an active burning of fat. The duration of the first stage can be from 2 weeks – until your weight reaches the desired level.
  2. During the passage of the second stage of the diet by the glycemic index, it is allowed to eat dishes with an average GI – this will help consolidate the result. Stage duration – at least 2 weeks.
  3. The third stage is getting out of the diet. At the heart of the diet are foods with low and medium GI, but you can gradually add carbohydrates with high GI.

Low Glycemic Index Menus

The advantage of the diet is a wide selection of foods with minimal GI. Having figured out the table, you can cook yourself many different dishes, composing the ingredients together. Remember that one of the main principles of combining diet meals is that breakfast should be hearty, lunch half as high in calories, and dinner light. A menu with a low glycemic index for one day looks something like this:

  • breakfast – oatmeal with dried fruits or apples, fruit juice (preferably apple) or milk with 0% fat;
  • lunch – the first dish of any vegetables, you can add cereals, for example, barley. A slice of rye bread from wholemeal flour, several plums for dessert;
  • afternoon tea and snacks – herbal, green tea or kefir, water without gas;
  • dinner – boiled lentils, a small piece of low-fat white meat (or chicken fillet). Another option is a glass of low-fat yogurt and a vegetable salad seasoned with olive oil.

Low Glycemic Food Recipes

Dishes that can be made from products with a low glycemic index, once in the stomach, do not provoke a sharp increase in sugar. This means that after taking such a meal, your body will be saturated for a long time and you will not want to have snacks between meals. Check out some recipes for a hypoglycemic diet – with them you can achieve the desired result in losing weight..

Meat soup

  • Cooking time: 50 minutes.
  • Servings Per Container: 3 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 55 kcal.
  • Purpose: for lunch.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: easy.

Meat and Bean Soup

Cabbage soup with the addition of fillet or lean meat on the bone is one of the most hearty and nutritious dishes allowed at any stage of the hypoglycemic diet. The list of ingredients for the first includes vegetables that are recommended to be consumed fresh, but even after heat treatment their GI will not be much more than recommended even at the first stage.

Ingredients:

  • tomato – 1 pc.;
  • red bell pepper – 1 pc.;
  • potato – 2 pcs.;
  • onion – 1 pc.;
  • cabbage – 0.25 heads of cabbage;
  • carrots – 1 pc.;
  • lean meat – 300 g;
  • bay leaves, spices, salt, herbs – to taste.

Cooking method:

  1. Boil the meat by putting a piece in cold water.
  2. Cut the tomato, carrots, peppers and onions, fry a little, pouring a little vegetable oil into the pan.
  3. Chop cabbage thinly.
  4. Peel potatoes, make cubes.
  5. Add cabbage to the prepared meat broth, after 10 minutes. add potatoes. After boiling the ingredients for 10 minutes, send the remaining vegetables.
  6. Leave cabbage soup on the fire for 10 minutes, then add seasoning and salt. Turn off the fire in a minute.

Stewed cabbage

  • Cooking time: 35 minutes.
  • Servings Per Container: 5 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 40 kcal.
  • Purpose: for lunch.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: easy.

Diet on the glycemic index helps everyone achieve the desired results in losing weight, because dishes can be prepared in different ways: steamed, baked or stewed. Try making cabbage, a vegetable on the low-GI list. Braised cabbage with a diet needs to be cooked without adding oil. Instead, you can use vegetable or meat broths.

Stewed cabbage in a ceramic bowl

Ingredients:

  • onion – 1 pc.;
  • cloves – 1 pc.;
  • cabbage – 1 kg;
  • broth – 2 tbsp .;
  • tomato puree – 2 tbsp. l .;
  • bay leaves, peppercorns, salt – to taste.

Cooking method:

  1. Chop cabbage thinly, put in a cauldron. Put stew, bay broth.
  2. Fry chopped onion, mixed with tomato paste.
  3. Ready onion and spices are added to soft cabbage..
  4. Put out all the min. 10, cover and let the dish stand for a while.

Chicken Salad with Avocado

  • Cooking time: 50 minutes.
  • Servings Per Container: 2 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 65 kcal.
  • Destination: for dinner.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: easy.

Many people like a hypoglycemic diet, because here the menu can be absolutely anything, the main condition is that the dishes consist of products with a low or medium glycemic index. Observing such a nutrition system, you will not starve, and your diet will be filled with your favorite food. Diversify the diet menu with a light and tasty salad with chicken, avocado and cucumbers.

Salad with vegetables and chicken on a plate

Ingredients:

  • cucumbers – 2 pcs.;
  • garlic – 2 cloves;
  • soy sauce – 6 tbsp. l .;
  • sesame seeds, green onions – to taste;
  • eggs – 3 pcs.;
  • avocado – 1 pc.;
  • mustard – 1 tsp;
  • chicken breast – 1 pc.

Cooking method:

  1. Boil chicken breast, break into fibers.
  2. Boil eggs, cut into cubes.
  3. Chop cucumbers into thin slices.
  4. Grind avocados into small cubes.
  5. Mix prepared ingredients in a bowl.
  6. Prepare dressing: mix mustard with soy sauce, chopped garlic and onion feathers. Pour the mixture into the salad, sprinkle all with sesame seeds.

Pros and cons of diet

The diet on the glycemic index with its virtues impresses everyone who wants to lose weight:

  • even during the first stage of the diet, hunger strike is excluded, because the menu is diverse and nutritious: the diet is based on the principles of proper nutrition;
  • you can sit on a diet for at least your whole life, because it benefits the body: thanks to it, metabolism is accelerated, the intestines work, the work of all internal organs is normalized;
  • You can build a diet from dietary products during pregnancy and lactation, to people who suffer from various kinds of chronic or serious diseases.

As for the shortcomings, their low-glycemic diet has practically no. However, nutrition by the glycemic index is not recommended for adolescents and those who have problems in the form of:

  • impaired metabolism;
  • mental disorders;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • weakened state after surgery or prolonged illness.

The relative disadvantages of the diet on the glycemic index is that when it is followed, it is necessary to constantly follow the table compiled by specialists and that it is impossible to achieve rapid weight loss with it. Even if you make maximum efforts, you can lose up to 10 kg in a month, and the result of weight loss is significantly affected by the calorie intake of food and the amount of physical activity.

Rate article
Tips on any topic from experts
Add comment

By clicking the "Submit comment" button, I consent to the processing of personal data and accept privacy policy