The content of the article
- What is myofascial massage
- Operating principle
- Types of massage
- Execution technique
- The price of myofascial massage
People who want to look good at any age will be interested to learn about myofascial massage – a method that combines the components of aerobic respiration and short-term load on a specific or several muscles of the face, décolleté, neck. This modern cosmetology method is an alternative to the surgical procedure “circular lift”.
What is myofascial massage
This is a technique in which the action occurs on the fascia – the surrounding muscles (membranes of connective tissue that form cases for muscle tissue). A feature of the method is that with its help it is possible to achieve complete relaxation of one or more muscles in a state of spasm (tension, clamping). Superficial fascia are located under a layer of subcutaneous fat, and they are affected by massage.
The goal of myofascial massage is to get rid of the pain syndrome (MBS), which is manifested by muscle spasm. Due to excessive load in the muscles, tension arises, trigger points are activated (painful seals). Stimulation of the muscles or stretching can stimulate this process. For athletes, a common cause of triggering activation is an unsuccessful throw, turn, jump. Sharp active movements can also adversely affect unheated muscles. However, myofascial massage is also useful for improving muscle performance..
Myofascia is a membrane that covers all organs, blood vessels, nerves. It forms a “sac” for the muscles. The main functions of myofascia are supporting and trophic. Myofascial tissue is responsible for pain, impaired muscle function, motor activity. Carrying out massage, the specialist directly affects the fascia, restoring and making them more flexible. This procedure can improve the movement of blood, lymph in the body..
With his hands, the specialist gropes for the “clamps” of the muscles, due to which age-related changes occur. Myofascial massage is carried out without the use of special means (oils, creams, etc.), so the procedure is suitable for women with any type of skin, including combination and oily. This rejuvenation technique is easily integrated into various cosmetic procedures, repeatedly enhancing their effectiveness. The basic principles of myofascioplasty are:
- massaging the soft tissues of the head, due to which the wrinkles on the forehead disappear;
- working out a tendon helmet, as a result of which the tension in the scalp disappears;
- lymphatic drainage;
- involuntary changes in the muscles of the face, since the frontal muscle is attached to the cranium.
Types of massage
Myofascial massage of the face or other part of the body is aimed at stretching the skin and affecting the deeper connective layers. When performing the technique, the specialist’s hands and the patient’s skin are not covered with anything to prevent slipping. Types of MFC massage:
- Stretching is relaxation. This technique helps to wash muscles and deep fascial layers. The method is applicable in the direction of muscle fibers. The specialist conducts myofascial massage slowly, concentrating, feeling the resistance of the fibers and their subsequent stretching. When performing massage movements, the work of the hands intersects: when one palm holds the skin, the second moves the epidermis and fascia in the opposite direction until resistance is noticeable. The procedure is repeated until the tissues “relax”, become free. When performing a massage, the hands of the master should not rub the skin of the body or slide on it.
- Vertical uplift. A technique is used to lift the skin and superficial connective tissue above the subcutaneous layers. During the massage, a certain area of the back, face, other part of the body is delayed in the raised position for a couple of seconds, and then falls. To prevent plucking movements, the effort of the master is aimed at lifting.
- Muscle felting. Relaxed muscle tissue first rises, moves away, and then is attracted back. Transverse movement helps to stretch, and then release the fascia.
Fascias are freed from stagnation and tension, which allows the muscles to move freely in a small radius. The positive effect of massage is:
- beneficial effects on the skin of the face;
- smoothing wrinkles on the forehead, nasolabial triangle;
- a decrease in the second chin;
- reducing the visibility of wrinkles near the eyes;
- narrowing of pores;
- normalization of the facial muscles.
Since any type of MFC massage requires special care and the skills of a massage therapist, the specialist must have the appropriate qualifications: without knowing the anatomical features of the body, the effectiveness of the procedures will tend to zero. Each type of myofascial massage described in the previous section is aimed at obtaining a certain effect:
- Stretching is relaxation. The technique is used to eliminate spasms, muscle clamps, achieve their relaxation, improve body relief.
- Vertical uplift. Deep tissue massage helps to eliminate sagging subcutaneous layers, leads muscles, skin, vascular system to tone.
- Muscle felting. Kneading tissue development has a complex effect. The effect of such myofascial massage is immediately noticeable, because after eliminating muscle tension in the neck, head and face, blood circulation normalizes and spasms are relieved.
According to the effect on the epidermis and the body as a whole, myofascial massage of the face and head is a medical and cosmetic procedure. The skin as a result becomes elastic, beautiful, toned, soft, but these external changes become possible due to the healing of the internal. Indications for the procedure are:
- the presence of a second chin;
- wide pores;
- tissue fibrosis after plastic surgery;
- the presence of facial or age wrinkles, fat folds;
- flaccidity of the epidermis;
- low muscle tone.
Before conducting myofascial massage, salon specialists are required to familiarize the client with contraindications to the procedure. In the presence of certain diseases or conditions of the skin, such a profound effect on the tissue leads to an exacerbation of the pathology. Neglect of the rules of the MFC procedure, in addition, can cause the appearance of side effects (edema, facial hyperkeratosis, etc.). Myofascial massage is prohibited for such health problems and other factors:
- allergic rashes;
- papillomas, moles;
- spider veins;
- infectious diseases;
- scratches, wounds on the skin;
- thinning, fragility of blood vessels;
- holding a week or less before the salon peeling procedure.
The complexity of myofascial massage makes it necessary to turn to an experienced specialist, and not to carry out the procedure at home. This will help to avoid unpleasant consequences and dangerous complications. The classic technique of performing MFC facial massage is described below, while different salons offer many other variations – plasticizing, copyright by Tatyana Shubina, using Shia-tsu, etc. Each approach is good in its own way and leads to an improvement in facial contour, its rejuvenation. Traditional fascial facial plastic surgery is performed as follows:
- make-up make-up for the client;
- oil or talcum powder is applied to the skin of the face (depending on the type of skin);
- the surface of the face is kneaded with light movements throughout the area;
- the skin under the chin is curled;
- after the methods of twisting are carried out in the area near the ears, their back surface is pushed back, the ears are massaged with the thumbs;
- stretching the skin of the cheekbones and forehead.
The price of myofascial massage
Fascial plasticity of the face is in the price list of any large beauty salon in Moscow. At the same time, the cost of one session is quite affordable for middle-income people, but the full course can hit the wallet. So, in the capital, the price of a one-time visit to a cosmetologist-massage therapist varies between 1300-3500 rubles. The average course consists of 7-8 sessions.