Types of manicure with a description

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Even a woman who does not follow the latest trends in the field of nail art, monitors the condition of their hands. However, what are the types of manicure, how the medical procedure differs from the cosmetic one, only those who are actively interested in this field know how to properly remove the cuticle and change shape. Is it possible to learn how to independently maintain the perfect look of your nails and which coating is more durable?

What is a manicure

For most men, the presence of any color coating on a woman’s nails is already a manicure. In building, shellac, French, etc. options, they are rarely understood, and the absence of color is equivalent to the absence of manicure. Women are able to tell much more about the types of coatings – provide arguments for and against gel with acrylic, talk about the latest trends in nail art, even describe the most relevant forms of nails in the current season.

However, varieties of manicure are primarily divided according to the purpose pursued by this procedure, and after only 1 category will continue to branch out:

  • technicians;
  • types of coverage;
  • design decision.


This type of manicure is little known, because, firstly, it is performed only in medical institutions and by a specialist with an appropriate education. A simple master in a beauty salon will not make you a medical manicure, because does not have:

  • proper conditions (especially the sterility of the cabinet);
  • tools;
  • drugs;
  • skills.

The purpose of this procedure is not the beauty of nails and well-groomed hands, but their health. An indication for medical manicure is any fungal disease that affects the specified area, so the client’s gender does not play a role. Some girls do such a manicure at home, but according to doctors it is undesirable to do this, because in the absence of a medical education, you cannot guarantee the complete safety and correctness of your actions.


The main type of manicure, which is performed at almost every step, since the number of masters in this area has increased significantly. It can be carried out at home, in the studio, in the beauty parlor. Depending on the degree of complexity, the duration of the procedure changes, the required conditions, tools, drugs. The purpose of cosmetic manicure is to create and maintain the beauty of the skin of the hands (!) And the nail plate. If the master does not apply color coating, the procedure loses its gender identity and it is possible that it will be performed for a man.

Women's hands on a towel

Manicure technique

Before a colored coating appears on your nails, the master must prepare them: evaluate and improve the condition of the cuticle, equalize the length, and if necessary, change the surface relief of the plate. This type of manicure is performed relatively briefly, because the predominantly aesthetic side of the issue matters here. If you decide to abandon the coating and pursue a purely hygienic goal or a medical one, the master will work longer and his key task will be to provide your hands and nails with an ideal look without varnish.

A few basic rules:

  • all types of manicure require clean hands that need to be treated with a disinfectant, especially if you will use nippers;
  • never try to cut a softened wet nail and cut dry;
  • polishing nails is allowed no more than once a week.


This procedure even today has the look that is familiar to women of the Soviet era: it is a classic manicure using nippers that helps get rid of burrs and cuticles. There are many opponents and advocates of this type of hand care: even professionals have not formed a unified attitude to edged manicure. However, if you suffer from a very dry, dense and actively growing cuticle, you cannot handle it without circumcision. In other cases, it is advisable to do without edging manicure, because:

  • the skin is severely injured;
  • high risk of infection;
  • scissors and nippers can form deep depressions at the hole;
  • need to do a manicure every week.


This type is characterized by the use of baths with salt, oils, herbal decoctions, etc., which have a positive effect on the condition of the skin of the hands and the nail plate, but are primarily performed for the subsequent removal of cuticles and pterygium. During the hot manicure procedure, the skin is steamed and softened, dead cells are easily cleaned with a pusher, a metal tool that looks like a spatula. Children’s manicure is performed mainly using this technology..

If you are doing this procedure at home, remember that:

  • you need to shoot the length before the bath, if you cut it, and after – if you cut it;
  • it will be possible to apply the coating only after complete evaporation of water from the nail plate.

Hot manicure procedure


According to the principle of working with cuticles, this methodology for performing manicure is related to edging, because mechanical effect on the skin. However, the master does not use pricking and cutting tools, but works with special nozzles called cutters. They act just like a nail file, but due to the shape and high speed of rotation, they remove pterygium, cuticles, lateral ridges and dry areas even in hard-to-reach areas and without injury. If we talk about safe and popular types of manicure that give excellent results, then the hardware has a leading position.

European unedged

The safest type of manicure professionals call European. The key point of this technique is the use of special drugs, keratolics, which due to the aggressive chemical composition contribute to the dissolution of the cuticle and pterygium. After the remnants of the softened skin, clean off with an orange stick or pusher. The problem with European manicure is only that the thick cuticle under such means will not even soften, and there is no question of dissolving the speech. Going to it with edged is also difficult – the process can take up to six months.


If other types of manicure mainly prepared nails for further manipulations, Japanese, which became popular only a couple of seasons ago, called “glossy”, does not imply any decorative coating. This is a treatment type procedure that is recommended for girls:

  • with thin, brittle nails;
  • suffering from delamination of the plate;
  • after building up;
  • after prolonged use of gel polish.

If desired, Japanese manicure can be made part of a regular hand care system. It consists of several stages: it begins with a diagnosis of the condition of the areas adjacent to the nail, after which the nail plate is sealed with a special composition and polished. The final stage is massage. The funds that are used for Japanese manicure have several types, since they are selected individually.


A popular variety of hand care is a spa manicure, whose task is the same as that of Japanese: to achieve not only a cosmetic effect, but also a therapeutic one. Due to the use of special tools and a whole range of procedures, the skin is given grooming, and the nails are fortified and have a healthy glow. Spa-manicure among the other types is distinguished by multi-stage, as includes:

  • peeling;
  • nourishing mask;
  • wrap (paraffin therapy);
  • length correction;
  • removal of the cuticle with the help of substances that dissolve it (i.e. the procedure of the European procedure);
  • polishing plates;
  • brush massage.

The girl is doing manicure

Types of Nail Coating

If in the last century manicure could only be done with varnish, and even the number of colors significantly limited imagination, the modern market for nail masters offers a lot of new products. Long-term coatings became available to women, the only drawback of which was the need to acquire professional devices and equipment, to know the features of each, to study the technology of working with different types of compounds. Keep in mind that you can’t polish your nails before any coating – the product will have nothing to catch on.

Plain varnish

The most unstable, but affordable type of coating that a woman can cope with herself is colored varnish. The assortment presented in stores even eliminates the need to come up with a design: the consumer is offered not only a variety of shades, but also textures and effects. Magnetic, sand, changing the tone under the influence of temperature – you can not visit the salon, and almost all types of manicure design are also easy to master on your own. However, varnish has disadvantages:

  • lasts only a couple of days;
  • for a beautiful result, you will have to work on a neat application;
  • layer thickness must be carefully adjusted;
  • long drying.

Gel Polish

If a woman prefers long-term coverage and visits to the manicure no more than 2 times a month, the master can offer her to use gel polish. This version of the decorative coating has become a compromise between building and standard varnishing. The main product is acrylate, which hardens under UV or LED rays, so you need a lamp to work with gel polish. Among the advantages of such a coating:

  • it will visually strengthen the nails, so under it the free edge can grow without breaking;
  • gloss, density inherent in gels;
  • self-alignment in progress;
  • lack of chips, erasing the end;
  • minimum harm, because the master does not file the surface.

Gel Nail Design


It is illogical to subdivide gel polish and shellac into different types of manicure, since gel polish is the general name of a product based on acrylate that hardens under radiation. Shellac (Shellac) – the name of the “brainchild” of CND, the first gel polish that brought the service of manicure to a new level. Other brands do not have the right to use this word in the description of their funds. Its properties are the same as all gel polishes. Is he:

  • persistent;
  • not afraid of water;
  • lasts up to 2 weeks (the period is determined by the characteristics of the nail plate – it lies on the dry coating longer);
  • does not lose color and gloss;
  • cannot be done without lamp.

Acrylic coating

The types of manicure listed above meant only the creation of a decorative coating, i.e. colors, but the use of acrylates (acrylic and gel) is always a simulation. To resort to them only to seal the nail, experts do not advise: the reason for working with such materials should be more serious. The use of acrylates helps:

  • adjust the shape;
  • add the missing sections of the free edge (you can restore 1 broken off nail, etc.);
  • make the nails narrower.

Modeling with acrylic / gel polish involves the implementation of a standard manicure procedure (mostly unedged) and the subsequent use of camouflage – a composition of flesh-colored high density. The result is a flat plate on which any coating will last longer, and the growing edge will not break suddenly.

Types of Nail Design

When the monophonic coating bothers and a woman wants something new, she begins to study manicure styles from photo galleries. Among modern trends, experts distinguish several types of design that the master can offer the client:

  • airbrushing;
  • French;
  • moon design;
  • stamping;
  • Painting;
  • use of stickers;
  • design fabric, foil, mica;
  • crystal pixie and other rhinestones.


A classic, akin to a small black dress, was and will remain a French manicure. In its traditional form, it is a natural tone of the nail plate and a white tip – something that can be done even without the help of a master, if you practice a little. Later, various types of manicure of this type appeared: white was replaced by brighter ones – red, yellow, green, etc. According to the French scheme, they even carry out a design without a natural tone: as an example, a white nail plate and a purple edge.

French with rhinestones


Some masters call this type of design – reverse jacket, because the idea is to select not a free edge, but a hole adjacent to the base of the hole, but maintaining the same semicircular shape. In some cases, it is not filled with color, but remains clean. Performing lunar design on your own is more difficult than the French, because it is highly likely to stain the cuticle, and it’s difficult to pick up an individual stencil.


This type of design can be performed by a special device – airbrush: this is how the masters of beauty salons work. At home, the gradient is made with a sponge, on which the desired number of shades of varnish is applied and mixed. The result is a soft transition when the colors flow into each other. This design method is less time-consuming than creating a drawing and allows some negligence. Gradients on short nails are not placed horizontally – it is better to make the lines diagonal so that they visually extend the plate.


Masters often offer this option to brides, since the nails take on a neat appearance, ideally suited to the wedding dress, whatever style it may be. For the design, pieces of thin lace are used, bought at the nail art goods store – a simple fabric will not work because of its density, too large a pattern (compare with the surface area of ​​the nail). Lace is applied to the free edge or to the entire nail plate, sitting on glue or a special tool. Be sure to overlap the top to remove excess relief.

Using stamping

An interesting look of nails can be given by a young direction in design, called “stamping”. For it, a special disk is used with patterns cut out in it, which are filled with paint and with a neat movement are transferred with a stamp to the prepared nail. An important nuance is the consistency of the varnish: it cannot be too liquid, otherwise the picture will float. If you train, stamping manicure can take you only 10 minutes.

Manicure Design – Photo

Manicure Design Photo

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