The content of the article
- What are carbohydrates
- Complex carbohydrates
- Fast carbohydrates
- What foods contain carbohydrates
- High carbohydrate foods
- Low carbohydrate foods
- Slow Carbohydrate Products
- Fast Carbohydrate Products
- Carbohydrate Per Day
- With diet
- When losing weight
- What carbohydrates should be eliminated in order to lose weight
- The right carbs for weight loss
- List of complex carbohydrates for weight loss
Most diets offered by open sources require only protein to lose weight, but this is unreasonable in relation to health. It is much more important to know what carbohydrates you can eat when losing weight, what foods they contain and how slow and fast are different. Based on this information, it’s easy to create an individual nutrition plan for yourself that will not let you go hungry but will contribute to body correction.
What are carbohydrates
If proteins are bricks for muscle tissue, and fats are needed for blood vessels and heart, then carbohydrates are a source of energy, without which the vital activity of the body is impossible. Their complete exclusion, as you might guess, leads to a person becoming lethargic, experiencing weakness, unable to concentrate on basic tasks, and feels hunger. Doctors say that a deficiency of this macronutrient in the diet (as happens with active weight loss) is the main reason for craving for “harmful” foods (chocolate, cookies), because glucose is present there – an alternative source of energy.
Understanding what carbohydrates you can eat while losing weight is the main task of every person who cares about their health. A simple classification helps in this, according to which they are divided into:
- difficult or slow;
- simple or fast.
This group is characterized by a large number of structural units – among which are glycogen, fiber and starch. In this case, the last element is a set of simple saccharides, and the first is responsible for energy production. Fiber or cellulose is required for saturation and is a slow-digesting element, and it is not completely digested. Complex carbohydrates can be eaten often, because they do not stimulate sharp fluctuations in insulin, and their component units additionally contribute to a decrease in total sugar levels. This is their most useful form..
An alternative name for this group is digestible or simple carbohydrates. They are distinguished by the minimum number of structural units: no more than 2 molecules. They are processed in a matter of seconds, so they enter the blood almost instantly and provoke a jump in sugar with a high glycemic index. This entails an instantaneous increase in energy, but it falls at the same rate. Fast carbohydrates can be eaten with a breakdown, when you need to urgently restore working capacity for a short time, but they do not saturate for a long time, so you get a vicious circle.
What foods contain carbohydrates
Almost all food has a certain amount of this macronutrient, excluding meat (even shellfish), which is a source of protein. Although after heat treatment it receives a certain share of carbohydrates, if supplemented with seasonings, sauces, etc. The same applies to lard, vegetable oils, but fats prevail here. Hard cheeses (Parmesan, Gruyere, etc.) are also deprived of this macronutrient..
Mostly carbohydrates in foods are found in:
- cereal crops;
- plant foods (vegetables / fruits);
- bakery products;
- dairy products;
High carbohydrate foods
Even with weight loss, you can safely use carbohydrate food in the diet, but you need to take into account its composition and understand your daily intake. Foods high in carbohydrates are not enemies of the figure and can even be one of the basic elements of the menu if they are difficult to digest compounds and not simple sugars. The main carbohydrate-containing foods are:
- bread and related products (bread, cookies, rolls, pies, etc.);
- sweet drinks;
- cereals (cereals and cereals are also meant);
- honey, sugar;
- nuts, seeds;
- milk products.
Low carbohydrate foods
It is easy to find food that almost does not have this macroelement, if you think about the calorie content of 1 gram of carbohydrate – it’s about 4.1 kcal. A simple logical conclusion will be as follows: products with a minimum content of carbohydrates are products with a minimum energy value. Among them:
- vegetables (excluding the previously mentioned potatoes, boiled carrots and beets);
- feta cheese and other soft cheeses.
Slow Carbohydrate Products
Complex macronutrients should be the basis of a healthy diet, since they saturate for a long time and do not cause insulin jumps. All products with slow carbohydrates have a high calorie content, but this is the case when these figures are good for weight loss. The list of such products is as follows:
- cereals (on water, because milk is a source of lactose or sugar, which causes the rise of insulin) from cereals, not flakes that have not been actively cleaned;
- wholemeal bread;
- the bean group – chickpeas, beans, lentils, peas – is also a source of vegetable protein, and therefore is valued for weight loss and among vegetarians;
- vegetables, among which all types of cabbage, zucchini, tomatoes, peppers lead in the degree of benefit (due to the amount of fiber).
Fast Carbohydrate Products
You can determine the sources of simple carbohydrates by referring to their chemical composition – if a product contains a large amount of sugars, it will be easily digestible. All sweets (cakes, sweets, etc.) are automatically assigned to this group, even honey considered safe when losing weight. Dark chocolate is also here, although it can be replaced with milk because of its good composition. Almost all factory-made foods are fast carbohydrates, as flavors often include sugar, even in sauces and mayonnaise.
A few more nuances:
- Semolina – the only porridge that is considered to be “empty” carbohydrates.
- Cane sugar is not lightweight, but the same as refined white.
- Snacks and breakfast cereals, even if based on cereals – a secondary product, which is a set of “empty” macrocells.
- Jams, jams and jams, even homemade ones, also provoke jumps in sugar due to GI.
Carbohydrate Per Day
The daily amount of this element is never reset, even if you are aiming for rapid weight loss. To completely eliminate carbohydrates – to start active glycogen burning, but at the same time give impetus to disorders in the functioning of the nervous system, liver, kidneys, heart and other systems. In addition to the excess protein that is characteristic of this type of weight loss technique, it leads to ketoacidosis – poisoning of the body by its decay elements. If you calculate an individual carbohydrate rate per day, you can lose weight without such terrible consequences and without a feeling of constant hunger.
There is a classic rule that is relevant even for those who want to lose weight quickly – the proportion of carbohydrates in the diet should not be less than half a daily plate. The ideal ratio is 7: 3, where a smaller number refers to the sum of fats and proteins. Shortage is fraught with a permanent feeling of the year, as a result of which it will be difficult to maintain a diet. At the same time, simple carbohydrate products during weight loss are completely excluded, and the indicated figure will need to be selected only by those that the body will absorb for a long time.
When losing weight
Even if you need to quickly lose weight, you can only reduce the daily intake of carbohydrates in the diet to 50 g. An individual calculation is more reasonable, according to which at least 2.5 grams of this macrocell is taken for every kilogram of body weight. So for a woman weighing 55 kg, the daily norm of carbohydrates for weight loss will be 137.5-140 g. If there is physical activity, the consumption of this microelement per day rises to 5 g / kg.
What carbohydrates should be eliminated in order to lose weight
From the above information, you can isolate a key point – the danger to the figure is simple sugars. As a result, you yourself can easily say which carbohydrates can not be eaten when losing weight – fast, i.e. sources of high GI. Their main problem is the synthesis of insulin in response to the ingress of such a macrocell into the blood. If the body does not immediately begin to spend the resulting sugars, they become fatty deposits. Experts advise eating such products just before exercise.
The right carbs for weight loss
Good weight loss foods are high in fiber and have low GI: they break down for a long time. The right carbohydrates for weight loss are also easily recognized by the lack of natural sweetness, i.e. fructose, sucrose, etc. there are no elements there. There will be “good” macrocells in:
- vegetables (especially cruciferous);
Take into account that it is not enough to consume only complex carbohydrates for weight loss – they should be included only in breakfast and lunch, and in the evening and at night only eat protein. If you really want a light carbohydrate-containing food (milk and its “relatives” here), you need to eat it in the morning. In snacks, sweets can be replaced with high-carb nuts – they are heavy, because they contain a lot of fat, but they are well-nourished, and a small portion (10 pcs.) Will not harm.
List of complex carbohydrates for weight loss
According to nutritionists, all high-carbohydrate foods that have more than 2 molecules in their composition will not be adversely affected. However, for more confidence in a positive result from a diet or a simple menu correction, you need to know the list of complex carbohydrates for weight loss. Food with a focus on weight loss should contain:
- starch (to a lesser extent).
You can watch this list of carbohydrates in diet foods – cereals, nuts, seeds that contain fiber, apples and apricots, cabbage, cucumbers, cranberries – sources of pectin, buckwheat, rice, pasta where there is starch. It is difficult to get glycogen from food, because it is contained in a minimal amount (mainly in fish), but it is in excess and is not needed.
Attention! The information presented in the article is for guidance only. Materials of the article do not call for self-treatment. Only a qualified doctor can make a diagnosis and give treatment recommendations based on the individual characteristics of a particular patient.