DIY furniture: how to make a kitchen cabinet. Part 1

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Having the necessary tool, it is not difficult to make a paneled cabinet for the kitchen from solid pine on your own. Furniture made of natural wood is safer, more beautiful and more durable than laminated chipboard. The first part of the article provides a step-by-step master class on how to make a cabinet body.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

List of required tools

  1. Gage.
  2. Saw (circular) table with movable carriage.
  3. Milling table with stop fence. Milling cutters: “frame binding”, figural (paneled), molding and fillet in two sizes (small and medium), folded for cutting a quarter.
  4. Screwdriver.
  5. Jigsaw or band saw for wood.
  6. Electric Jointer with 90 Degree High Stop.
  7. Belt and eccentric sander. Sandpaper grit P80, P120, P180.
  8. Miter saw, furniture stapler (optional).
  9. Square, tape measure, pencil, sharp knife (breadboard or scalpel). Small brush or wooden medical spatula, medium brush.
  10. Clamps.
  11. Forstner drill 35 mm, metal drill 3 mm.

List of required material

  1. Dry pine board 100×25 mm – 8 m.
  2. Dry pine board 200×50 mm – 0.5 m.
  3. Rail 25×45 (50) mm – 1.2 m.
  4. Trimming a hardwood board (ash, beech or oak) 30–40 mm thick, 10–15 cm wide and long.
  5. PVA class D3 wood glue – 0.1 l.
  6. Self-tapping screws with a press washer 4.2×50 mm – 4 pcs., Self-tapping screw 3.5×16 mm – 16 pcs., Nails 20×1.2 – 30 pcs..
  7. Furniture invoice hinge – 4 pcs.
  8. Natural linseed oil – 0.1 l.
  9. Beech dowels 35×8 – 4 pieces.
  10. Fiberboard 3.2 mm thick – 50×60 cm.

Locker drawing

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

Preparation of material and gluing boards

The initial stage consists of planing and thicknessing a pine board. If the boards are even in length, you can simply trim from both sides.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We plan the entire volume of a pine board 100×25 mm in one thickness of 18–20 mm. Next, on an electric planer with a high perpendicular emphasis, we join the longitudinal edges.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We mark and cut to length with a margin of 2–3 cm 8 boards in the width of the cabinet and 4 in height.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We glue the blanks in pairs with D3 glue, evenly distributing it along the longitudinal edge of the board (fugue) with a brush or wooden spatula.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We tighten with clamps.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

It is better to remove excess glue immediately with a wet cloth or, after partial drying (1-2 hours), cut off with a chisel. Otherwise, remove completely dried glue with a belt sander..

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We run the glued boards from both sides through a thickness gauge.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

On a circular table with a movable carriage, we cut the boards to the desired size along the length in accordance with the drawing.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

The width of the panels is brought to one width using a parallel stop.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We mark future grooves.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We set the cutting depth on the saw to about 8 mm. With the help of the carriage and the limit stop, we select the grooves from the trimming of the board and the clamp.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

The inner edges of the case, as well as both surfaces of the center shelf, are more convenient to grind before assembly.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

Next, we set the gap between the saw blade and the stop about 2-3 mm, the cutting depth – by 10 mm.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We make a cut from the inside along the back edges of the walls of the body. Cut the resulting side with a sharp knife. Raise the saw to a full cut without changing the position of the ruler. Cut off the strip from the inner shelves.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

These manipulations are needed to flush the rear wall of the fiberboard cabinet. At the same time, all parts of the body and shelves are obtained exactly in one size.

Body assembly

We assemble the body using glue. We put it in the grooves of one of the walls, on the ends of the bottom and top of the body, the central fixed shelf.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We perform similar actions on the other hand, tighten with clamps, controlling the corners with a square.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

After the glue dries, we grind the outer surfaces of the case.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

On the draw frame we use the grain size P80, on the eccentric – P120.

Using a router and a straight cutter with a diameter of 8 mm, using an inner shelf and even shims as a parallel stop, we make blind holes to a depth of 15–16 mm. They are needed for the top adjustable shelf.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

The cornice is made from a single piece of lath with a length of at least 1.2 m with fillet cutters with a diameter of 25 and 19 mm.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

In several passes, we make the first sample 25 mm.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We put a smaller fillet, adjust the cutter to a higher cutter overhang, shift the parallel stop, remove material along the longitudinal edge of the rail.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We set the rebate cutter to a sampling depth of 4–5 mm. Choosing a quarter. We cut the resulting workpiece at 45 degrees on a facing or in a carpenter’s miter box, marking the cornice in place.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

Installation is carried out using glue, self-tapping screws, furniture stapler.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

We make the back wall from a fiberboard sheet, securing it with nails. The upper corners can be strengthened and the cabinet can be subsequently hung on the wall through the through holes.

Do-it-yourself paneled wardrobe made of solid pine

The paneled doors for this cabinet and the final assembly we will do next week.
DIY furniture: how to make a kitchen cabinet. Part 2

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