Imagine a home warm floor – this lovely opportunity to walk without house slippers and completely forget about carpets. Have you presented? Now imagine that all this comfort is created by a film only 0.3 mm thick, which you could lay yourself in just 1 hour in the whole apartment! Harder already?
In the mind of the consumer, underfloor heating is bulky structures, a weekly installation and huge electricity bills. But it’s the 21st century and nanotechnology is changing everything!
Film warm floors have appeared quite recently, but they have already managed to shock the market of repair materials! Still, to get at your disposal an inexpensive, practical and compatible material with absolutely any floor covering – manufacturers rarely pamper such a product!
Basically, film floors are used for heating living quarters, houses, apartments, saunas. They are widely used to create a microclimate in greenhouses and greenhouses. Also, warm film floors show good results when used in animal husbandry and the agricultural industry. The mobility and ease of installation of this material plays an important role. Having spread the film once, you can always pick it up when you move to another place of residence, or move it around the apartment as needed.
The main differences of the film for floor heating from classic systems is the ability to install on any surface and any size of the heated area quickly, without glue and screed. If you wish, you can heat both the sleeping place of your beloved pet and the aquarium with fish. Stick the film on the bathroom mirror – and it will never fog up, and by installing it on the ceiling, you will get a constant stream of warm air from above! But you can also go the classic way by installing the film on all the free space of your room..
A single control panel for underfloor heating can change the temperature in any room separately. This allows you to make a collection of different climatic zones from an ordinary apartment! The film floor does not burn oxygen, does not create vibrations, noise, smell, dust, there is practically no electromagnetic radiation in it.
Compared to cable floors and mini-mats, underfloor heating will save 15-20% of funds for paying electricity bills, and programmable thermostats will reduce costs by another 20-25%.
Are you intrigued? What is this miracle material and how does it work?!
In a nutshell: film warm floors are the thinnest polymer that, when passed through an electric current, emits infrared rays that have a heating effect.
Infrared light keeps you healthy and the floor warm!
The properties of infrared light have been studied for a long time and are used in medicine for heating damaged tissues and recovering from operations. The film generates heat rays, which, overcoming the floor covering, heat the human body and surrounding objects.
The human body emits infrared rays with a frequency of 6-20 microns, therefore, the infrared light created by the film with a frequency of 7-20 microns is accepted as its own and actively absorbs it. This property improves blood microcirculation, which has a positive effect on health, relieves stress and fatigue..
Another positive quality of a warm infrared floor is based on the formation of negative ions in the indoor air. They have a beneficial effect on the human body, cleanse the air from unpleasant odors of tobacco and paint, and neutralize static electricity..
The use of a warm infrared floor is completely safe, thanks to the use of the latest technologies for the production of film components and heat control electronics.
So what’s the secret?
The material from which the film for warm floors is made is a polymer that emits infrared rays with a wavelength of 7-20 microns with its entire surface. The emitter is carbon paste, which is supplied with 220 V AC voltage through copper-silver conductors. The advantage of this design is the absence of contrast heating at the junction with the wires. Only carbon conductive strips are heated, which are sealed in a transparent polyester film.
The heating strips are connected to the control panel in parallel. Therefore, in the event of failure of one of the bands, the entire system will continue to work in the specified mode. On average, manufacturers provide a 15-year warranty period, although the actual life of the product is much longer.
The conductor strips are manufactured using nanotechnology, which increases the emission of infrared light from the semiconductor surface by up to 90%. When choosing a film for underfloor heating, you must pay attention to the completeness of the delivery and compliance of technical characteristics with GOSTs and certificates.
As a rule, the film contains:
DIY installation …
Installation of a warm film floor is simple and accessible even to a non-specialist. It is recommended to lay the film on the area of the room not occupied by furniture, while it is enough to cover 75-80%. The thickness of the film is 0.3 mm, the thickness of the heat-reflecting material is 3 mm. Because the screed is not used, the total height loss will not exceed 3.3 mm.
In terms of installation, the warm film floor perfectly “fits” under the laminate, carpeting, linoleum without glue and screed. When laying under parquet boards and other wooden coatings, it is very important to uniform, gentle heating of the surface. The frequent arrangement of strips and the impossibility of overheating protect the floor material from drying out and cracking. For installation under a wooden floor, the optimal film is a film with a power of 150 W – for apartments above the second floor and 220 W – for private houses and first floors. Maximum heating temperature 45 degrees.
First, a heat-insulating pad is laid to reduce heat losses. For these purposes, you can use “Infraflex” or “Energoflex Super TP”, and other materials, heat-insulating materials, covered with metallized lavsan (or polypropylene) film, up to 3 mm thick. A technical cork of the same thickness is also suitable. After installing the thermal insulation, a thermal IR film is laid directly on it, which is covered with the floor material. After that, the warm film floor can be operated with full loads..
A widespread method of laying the film under ceramic tiles and porcelain stoneware. A film with a power of 220 W is optimal. The same heat-insulating materials are used as a heat insulator. For additional fixation, an assembly construction mesh with cells from 5 to 45 mm is used, which is laid on top of the film and is pointwise attached to the primary screed.
A feature of this method is installation on a cement-glue mortar. This is done so that a bond occurs between the primary screed and the mortar under the tile. With this installation option, the use of underfloor heating is possible only after the screed has dried, not earlier than 20 days after laying.
Subject to all the rules of operation and installation, you will get a chance to turn your home into a kingdom of comfort, to create islands of heat in any quantity and in any place. The use of completely new technologies made it possible to create a built-in heating system, which for many years will be unique in properties and always individual by definition!
More details can be found here