Choosing deep vibrators: principle of operation, device, prices

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This article describes in detail the basics of deep vibration of mortars and concretes. You will learn how a deep vibrator works and what is the principle of its operation. We will also tell you about the possible options for the execution of the deep vibrator and methods of its layout. In the article you will find a table with prices.

Choosing deep vibrators: principle of operation, device, prices

Vibrating concrete is the “moment of truth” when constructing monolithic walls, floors, foundations and other elements. It is vibration, and not the composition of concrete, that is the decisive factor in analyzing the quality of the hardened mixture. This is especially important in hidden layers – in the thickness of a slab or reinforced concrete wall. An additional factor of responsibility – these works cannot be controlled until the moment of hardening and removal of the formwork.

Purpose and difference of deep vibration from other methods of compacting concrete mix

Concrete elements can have different shapes and a wide range of linear dimensions. According to SNiP 2.03.01–84 “Concrete and reinforced concrete structures” and GOST 13015.0–83 “Concrete and reinforced concrete prefabricated structures and products”, the minimum thickness of the reinforced concrete element is 80 mm, the maximum is not conditionally limited. Based on the shape of the element (formwork), a method of compaction of the mixture is selected for it:

  1. Small-piece factory forms. They have a small thickness, so the vibration motor is fixed directly to the steel mold. (Read about how to make a vibration motor with your own hands in our article. Installing such a motor on a steel sheet 200×600 mm with a handle, we get a vibrating screed).
  2. Large area slabs that are concreted on site. The main technique of overlapping in multi-storey monolithic construction. A surface vibrator (vibrating screed) with a pulse penetration depth of 200-300 mm is used.
  3. Walls, volumetric elements of foundations, columns, pillars and piles in vertical position. Deep vibrator is applied.

Deep vibration in this case has no alternative, since no other type or instrument will provide the penetration of the impulse into the thickness of the mixture.

What happens in the process of deep vibration

It is not without reason that this phase of raw concrete processing has become a part of the construction industry and has taken one of the decisive roles. Its effectiveness manifests itself in several ways..

Effect No. 1. Compaction of the mixture

The reason for the reliability of reinforced concrete is that the load in it is distributed evenly over the rubble stones. It is vibration that “helps” the aggregate to take the ideal position in the concrete.

Choosing deep vibrators: principle of operation, device, prices

Effect # 2. Air removal

Concrete of normal (creamy) consistency is delivered in mixers or mixed in concrete mixers on site, moreover, in an open system with free air access. Air bubbles cannot rise from depth through a thick and heavy mixture and remain after laying in the product. This significantly weakens the structure. Excess air is removed from raw concrete using a deep vibrator.

Effect No. 3. Filling the junctions

Deep vibration allows to achieve ideal filling of the smallest voids while concreting continues from an already hardened area.

All the described effects also occur with any other type of vibration..

The design and principle of operation of the deep vibrator

The engineers solved the problem with the “delivery” of the impulse to the depth simply – the impulse generator should submerge into the thickness of the raw mixture. If in a conventional vibrator the eccentrics are installed directly on the shaft and it vibrates together with the form (plate, rail), then in the deep vibrator the eccentrics are placed in a sealed capsule – “mace”.

Choosing deep vibrators: principle of operation, device, prices

According to the principle of operation of the mace, deep-type vibrators are of three types:

  1. Pneumatic. The piston is enclosed in a mace to which the compressor hose is connected. Compressor required for operation.
  2. Electromagnetic. The work is carried out at the expense of a pulse converter.
  3. Electrical. A conventional electric motor is connected to an eccentric by a flexible shaft. The eccentric design can be different, but this does not affect the result. The best option considering ease of maintenance, lightness and availability of parts.

According to the activator version, such vibrators are divided into four types:

  1. Electric motor 220 V.
  2. Electric motor 380 V.
  3. Pulse converter.
  4. Gasoline engine from 1 to 6.5 liters. from.

EP-1400

According to the method of arrangement, deep vibrators are of four types:

  1. Manual with built-in activator (electric motors and impulse).
  2. Manual with flexible shaft (electric motors and pulse).
  3. Backpack (ICE).
  4. Stationary with wheels (internal combustion engine and electric motor).

HGP60

Electric hot water is massively used in construction. It is also worth noting their versatility – they can vibrate not only walls, but also any other elements where a vibrating screed or an external motor is used. Compact, lightweight (relatively), portable tool can replace any other kind of vibrator.

Main indicators of GW:

  1. Motor power. Typically, it ranges from 400 to 1500 watts. More powerful motors are used in megastructures – bridges, tunnels, dams. They have transport wheels.
  2. Flexible shaft length. This shaft is a factory product in a flexible sealed casing. The length usually ranges from 1 to 6 meters with a motor power up to 1500-1600 W. In special cases, shafts of greater length are used – up to 12 m, but a more powerful motor is needed (up to 3000 W).
  3. The diameter of the mace. The main initial parameter depends on the density of the reinforcement and the thickness of the element. Based on it, the shaft and motor are selected. It is the diameter that determines the weight of the eccentric and the power of the pulse that the eccentric produces.
  4. Engine weight. It is important for constant active work. Firms that produce electric motors try to keep weight as low as possible for convenience.

Electric vibrator prices

NameManufacturerDrive / LayoutActivator powerShaft length, mClub diameter, mmWeight, kgPrice, cu e.
Energomash BV-71200Russiaemail motor / manual1200 watts76010.5184
Sturm Cv7120China (household)email motor / manual1200 watts7608.8244
Masalta MVP-2150China (prom.)email motor / manual800 watts1.5358205
Masalta MBPChina (prom.)ICE / backpackHonda GX35 1.6 l. from.2.5409.5285
Masalta MVDR-4China (prom.)ICE / hospital.Honda GX160 5.5 l. from.66023.5410
PRO 50Russiaimpulse / manual220V / 3.6A3506.5670
Champion CVG424China (everyday life)ICE / hospital.Loncin 160cc 5.5 l. from.6-86019.5212
Vibrator EP-210Russiaelectric motor / manual1000/1300 W4.5-628-60thirty200
IV-102ARussiabuilt-in email engine6501286.5150
Elmos EVR 15Germanyemail motor / manual14001.8384,3230

Speaking about the price of ready-made vibrators, it is worth noting that, despite the relatively large weight and energy consumption, hand-held vibrators with an electric motor hold the “palm” both on large and private construction sites. This is due to the ability to arrange them at your discretion. In addition, the convenience includes the ability to assemble and quickly repair yourself.

Whichever vibrator you choose, remember that working in harsh environments requires careful maintenance. Wash the concrete off the parts every time after work. Lubricate moving parts and carry out electrical maintenance. The tightness deserves special attention, since current leakage is possible through defects in the casing and the switch (buttons).

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