Bavarian brickwork is rightfully considered one of the most noticeable, easily recognizable options. Let’s see together what the famous brickwork, bearing the name of this region of Germany, looks like, how it differs from the usual, what kind of brick is required to create it.
The main feature of Bavarian masonry is that bricks of different shades are used. As a result, the facade of the building looks colorful, very unusual and attractive. Do not think that bricks are stacked in a chaotic manner with Bavarian laying. Despite the apparent simplicity and diversity, there are clear rules:
- All adjacent bricks must have different shades. You cannot lay two identical bricks next to each other;
- The masonry pattern is not repeated;
- In general, on the general plane of the facade, none of the brick shades should receive a predominant amount. All shades should be approximately the same;
- Vertically running seams must match every row.
The classic Bavarian masonry is brown and red bricks. Two more shades are often added – dark brown and dark red. The maximum can be used up to eight or nine shades, but this is already an exception, in rare cases when the masonry turns out to be even more complex.
It is believed that the Bavarian type of masonry originated in Germany around the middle of the 17th century. According to experts, at first no one wanted to make the masonry so colorful. On the contrary, the masters strove for monochromatic facades of houses. But the technology of brick production at that time was imperfect and during firing various shades were obtained. Sorting them, somehow correcting the situation was costly. So they began to make such facades from bricks of various shades. And over time it became fashion..
Modern brick for Bavarian masonry is originally, purposefully created in red, brown and in various shades of these colors. For this purpose, the flash firing technology is used, when, by regulating the intensity of hydrocarbon formation, manufacturers obtain the specified shades of bricks. This happens by supplying air to the working area of the furnace at the final stage of firing..
Bavarian masonry can be carried out literally “by eye” – the master simply alternates bricks of different shades in a row – red, brown, beige, sand and again red, brown … Or according to a strict, pre-compiled scheme, which is designed to highlight, for example, the corners of the house, plinth, facade around the window.
1 – Hamburg; 2 – Bavaria; 3 – Wismar; 4 – Wolfsburg; 5 – Munich
As you can see in the photo, there are five of the most famous varieties of variegated brickwork, all of which are named after German cities. According to experts, dark shades are now more popular, giving the facade a particularly noble look with a touch of antiquity..
Important! If brick is used in dark shades, the grout should be chosen in white to emphasize the contrast and beauty of the masonry..
For Bavarian masonry, special multi-colored facing bricks are often used. Also used are silicate, ceramic, rusticated, which has an interesting uneven surface. Experts advise paying attention to the uniformity of the color of each brick, the color should be uniform. Of course, the brick must be free of chips, scratches and other damage..
Combinations of Bavarian masonry with ordinary ones, with plastered or siding surfaces, look interesting. In addition to facades, Bavarian masonry can be used in the construction of brick fences.
We emphasize that in addition to the variety of brick shades, the technology of Bavarian masonry does not differ from the traditional one, the solution is the same, the process itself is the same. Of course, it is a little more complicated due to the need to strictly observe the coincidence of vertical seams through the row and the selection of shades. As a result, according to experts, the purchase of multi-colored bricks and their installation are somewhat more expensive than the traditional option due to the increased complexity of production and technology. But the result is very beautiful and original..