How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

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Is it possible to visually change the material of the walls of the house? What are the technologies for insulating and decorating facades? How do they differ? How to install facade panels with your own hands? How much is 1 square meter of facade? We covered these and other questions in this article..

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

If a facade renovation is planned or the house has just been built, at this stage you can choose the appearance of the entire building. Modern materials allow a wooden house to be made with a brick appearance, and an ordinary plastered facade can be presented as an old castle masonry with boulders or a log frame. In this case, it is possible not only to decorate the walls, but also to insulate them. All this in order.

In our case, it is appropriate to divide the presented materials into two categories – ventilated and non-ventilated facade..

A ventilated facade is an option for exterior wall decoration, which provides for the removal of excess temperature and steam (from heating the house) using air vents between the wall material or insulation and the inner surface of the exterior decoration material. This option is more expensive and more difficult to implement, but it preserves the walls better by removing steam and moisture..

Facade panels

Other names: plinth panels, plinth siding. They are polymer sheets extruded in the form of a given relief with perforation for fastening with self-tapping screws.

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

Operating procedure

1. We mount and level the lathing made of wood or galvanized profile.

2. Install the corner elements and framing of openings.

3. Install the starting profile (cornice) for the first panel.

4. We mount the panels from left to right, from bottom to top, observing the overlap of the joints.

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

Advantages:

  1. Ease of installation. Facade panels are installed in the same way as conventional vinyl siding.
  2. Can be combined with insulation.
  3. More reliable interpanel connection system, sometimes with plastic latches (anti-hurricane fasteners).
  4. High strength due to the thickness of the material (1.5–2 mm) and stiffening ribs formed by the relief of the pattern.
  5. Insensitivity to organic matter, wind, moisture.
  6. A variety of landforms (stone, timber, log).

Disadvantages:

  1. The panels are 400-500 mm wide, therefore they are attached to the lathing from four sides (additional profile consumption).
  2. Higher cost of the panels themselves.

Another type of facade panels is the so-called thermal siding. In fact, these are ordinary sandwich panels (expanded polystyrene inside a metal shell). Their installation is also identical to the installation of vinyl siding..

Facade panels of Russian manufacturers:

ManufacturerPanel size, mmPrice 1 m2, rub.
SNOW BIRD, (St. Petersburg)1100×475380
VOX Solid mur, (St. Petersburg)1110×460400
“Aelit” London Brick, (Samara)1000×420485
Alta-Profile, (Kazan)1125×410490
Docke, (Nizhny Novgorod)1127×461500
Fineber, (Perm)1094×459530

Attention! The tables show prices for wall panels only. For cladding, corner and other elements will be needed, the price of which is determined by the manufacturer.

Non-ventilated facade – the wall is insulated according to the thermos principle.

We will consider two types of combined finishes – thermal panels and thermal siding. It is called combined because it combines thermal insulation and appearance design..

Thermal panels

They are high grade expanded polystyrene slabs (25, 35), on which the front side is decorated in the form of clinker brickwork or stone relief. The scope of delivery usually includes a plinth profile, facade dowels, embedded elements and joint grout.

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

Operating procedure

1. We mark the beginning of finishing (from below) with the help of a hydro level and mount the starting profile with dowels with a step of 500 mm. The distance from the wall should be 10–20 mm, using embedded elements (plastic washers).

Attention! It is necessary to leave a technological gap of 30-40 mm between the blind area and the starting profile in order to avoid damage to the facade during its deformation.

2. Fill the space between the profile and the wall with mounting foam.

3. When installing the first panel from the corner, we cut it along the joint at 45 degrees.

4. At the edge of the joint we make a groove 30 mm wide and 10-15 mm deep for laying the polyurethane foam.

5. Apply foam under each first panel of a row.

6. Install the first panel.

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

7. In case of uneven walls – level the panel. The sinus should be no more than 50 mm. We put plastic washers for temporary fixation.

8. Fixing boxes are poured into each panel in the marked places. Otherwise, weld-shaped metal washers are on the outside and are clearly visible. We drill holes in the panels at the “seams” along the marked holes.

9. In the holes we run the foam so that it fills the space at the point of attachment. Do not pour the entire cylinder there – this will not improve the properties of the facade.

Attention! Use the supplied dowels (plastic sheath with screw stem). The working length of the dowel is equal to double the thickness of the board plus 20 mm.

10. Key point. Extremely carefully fix the panel to the wall with dowels using a punch – the dowel head should sit tightly into the mounting box, but not transfer the material.

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

11. Fill the hole with foam up to the dowel.

12. We fill with foam the outer gap of the sinus between the wall and the panel along the perimeter.

13. On hidden surfaces, half-tenon and half-groove axle boxes may not be, but these places must be securely fixed. To do this, you can use ordinary “umbrellas”, having previously cut the seat for the hat with a “feather”.

14. Corner and pivot elements of window and door openings are adjusted individually. For this, we recommend purchasing spare decorative tiles..

15. The following panels are mounted with foam on hidden joint surfaces..

16. Grouting is performed with special grouting compounds followed by grouting.

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

There is a variety of OSB-based thermal panels. This allows them to be mounted on the crate like siding..

Advantages:

  1. When installing the thermal panel, an additional air cavity is created, which improves the thermal insulation properties of the facade.
  2. The self-supporting structure is itself a frame.
  3. Possibility of decor repair (replacement of tiles).
  4. Use of popular materials (all complete products can be replaced or supplemented).
  5. Thoughtfully thought out, simple technology.
  6. Variety of external performance.

Disadvantages:

  1. High cost of panels.
  2. Requires careful alignment when planning the facade.

Price dependence 1 m2 thermal panels from the thickness of the insulation:

ManufacturerInsulation brandInsulation thickness, mmPanel area, m2Price 1m2, rub.Note
Rocky, Ukraine15200.24525“Bassoon”, gray, without tiles
Rocky, Ukraine15200.24708“Bassoon”, Elite *, without tiles
Rocky, Ukraine35500.24660“Bassoon”, gray, without tiles
Rocky, Ukraine35500.24852“Bassoon”, Elite, without tiles
“Fride”, Russia25thirty0.971800Panel with Estima porcelain tiles
“Fride”, Russia25one hundred0.972580Panel with Estima porcelain tiles, Spain
TERMOSIT, Russia15thirty0.631900Panel with clinker tiles Ceramika Paradiz, Poland
TERMOSIT, Russia25800.593120Panel with clinker tiles Ceramika Paradiz, Poland
Haacke Isolierklinker, GermanyStyrofoam BASF740.652750Made in Germany
Haacke Isolierklinker, GermanyStyrofoam BASF940.653150Made in Germany
Haacke Isolierklinker, GermanyStyrofoam BASF1140.653450Made in Germany

* – execution “Elite” includes painting and varnishing of the surface

Attention! The tables show prices for wall panels only. For cladding, corner and other elements will be needed, the price of which is determined by the manufacturer.

Heat siding

It is made of expanded polystyrene panels with a “thermal lock” system, textured on one side. These lightweight panels are simply glued on with cement glue and then painted..

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

Advantages:

  1. Technology simple to the limit.
  2. The cheapest of the materials presented.
  3. Lowest panel weight.

Disadvantages:

  1. Not suitable for lathing.
  2. Doesn’t line up the wall (should be relatively level).
  3. Relatively short declared service life (15 years).

How to assemble facade panels, thermal panels and thermal siding with your own hands

Heat siding brand 25:

ManufacturerPlate thickness, mmSurface area, m2Price for 1 piece, rub.Price 1m2, rub.
“Teplosiding”, Russia (uncovered)500.6320190
Teplosiding, Russia (hard surface)500.6420210
“Budstroy”, Ukraine500.2580320
“Beautiful facades +”, Russia (hard surface)30-501680680

Combined methods are rapidly gaining popularity and popular love. The reason is simple – the buyer votes in rubles. By purchasing insulation and finishing “in one bottle”, he saves time on installation (application of layers) and money at the stages of work (it all comes down to 1-2 stages).

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