Modern technologies make it possible to use fabrics to decorate the facades of houses. Our site of advice decided to figure out what textile facades can be, what materials are they made of, whether they have noticeable advantages and additional properties.
Textile facades were invented more than 30 years ago, but this technology has not yet gained widespread acceptance and continues to develop. For our country, fabric facades are generally new, and in Germany, for example, there is a whole Institute of Textile Technology, which is studying the possibilities of such materials..
Textile facades can be made from:
- Metallic coated fabrics.
- Polyester, it is translucent, inexpensive, but lasts no more than 15 years and is susceptible to dirt.
- Fiberglass. A much more durable version, lasts up to 40 years, but you can’t print a bright print on it.
- Light Transmitting PTFE Fabrics.
- Open cell fabrics, mesh.
- “Smart” fabrics that have thermal and heating properties due to the interweaving of electrically conductive fibers.
The fabric is attached to the facade of the building thanks to the frame, most often aluminum. The main requirement for textiles is fire resistance, such fabrics are always slow-burning, not supporting fire. Textiles can be washed under high pressure thanks to a special sink, the selection and use of which the portal devoted a separate article to. And in the case of a high degree of wear and tear, the fabric on the facade simply changes, which gives ample opportunities for experiments with the design of buildings..
The main advantage of textile facades is that in summer they do not allow the building to warm up, which significantly reduces the cost of air conditioning. And in winter they keep heat, creating a thermal layer between the wall of the building and the street. Even adaptive, “smart” textile facades have been created that adapt to climate conditions and in winter, for example, allow the sun’s rays to fall on the facade, warming it.
Experts are confident that textile facades have a great future due to the following capabilities and properties:
- A wide range of colors, the ability to apply 3D images. This allows you to create a unique exterior of buildings, including private houses..
- Waterproof. Membranes protect walls from rain.
- Opacity. The light transmission of the hinged panels can be adjusted to protect the house from sunlight in summer.
- Elasticity. Fabric membranes are wind resistant, durable enough.
- The low cost of installing the frame and the ability to wash or replace the fabric, if necessary, make such facades commercially effective, profitable.
Today, curtain-sided textile facades are most commonly used in commercial buildings. But, according to experts, they also have a lot of advantages in private housing construction. Remember when you shaded your terrace or veranda in the summer with building nets? Nice cooling effect, right? Now imagine that the whole house is literally wrapped in a special cloth. Such a spectacular facade saves energy. And the use of “smart”, adaptive fabrics offers new benefits. For example, there are already textiles that can purify the air entering the rooms of the house..
The most popular manufacturers of facade textiles and metal structures for them today are Roho and Schuco.