This is a good choice for a modern home where rooms are small and, therefore, walls are in short supply. The passage from the kitchen to the dining room often connects two small rooms. Therefore, standard swing doors are inconvenient here. Existing panel doors can easily be converted into sliding doors by using one of the many types of special fixtures available. If the openings are wide enough, then designs for double-leaf doors that open on both sides are suitable. New panel doors for indoor use are also on sale. The fixtures are produced with all the necessary fittings – guides, pendulum bolts, carriers, bottom guides, stoppers and screws. But the brackets for attaching the rails must be purchased separately. You will need a plank to secure the rail. Before purchasing a sliding door fixture, measure the door. The length of the rail should be twice the width of the door. The fixture must also match the weight of your door. If you are using an existing door, then cover the quarter of the door frame with a strip to slightly reduce the opening. It is better for finishing and also prevents drafts. Remove the platband and baseboard from the wall along which the door will move, and then process this section of the wall. The installation ends with a hinge of fittings. Finally, the entire structure can be covered with a special decorative panel. You can buy it or make it yourself.
Sliding door design. In the sliding door construction shown here, the carriers are attached from above to the end of the door. A groove is cut in the lower end of the door along its entire length, into which a short lower guide – “shoe” enters. The “shoe” stabilizes the lower edge of the door when driving. The carriers are inserted into pendulum pins attached to plastic wheels that slide over the top rail. The guide itself is attached with brackets to the support bar. Stoppers at the ends limit the travel of the wheel blocks, and therefore the door as a whole. The handle is cut into the door.
Installing a sliding door
1. Preparing the door. Remove the door. Remove the handles and hinges. Select the groove in the bottom edge of the door according to the dimensions indicated by the manufacturer. Place the door on a pair of trestles and mark the position of each carrier on the top of the door. Use an awl to make holes in the wood, and then screw them to the top end through the slots in the media.
2. Fastening the support bar. Cut the strip to the manufacturer’s size and 50mm longer than the rail. Place the plank on the trestle and drill the pilot holes. Attach a plank over the opening. It should protrude from one edge along the entire length of the door. While the assistant keeps the plank pressed against the wall, you drill holes in those places where the plank will finally be fixed. Remove the bar, drill the holes and drive the plugs into them. Reattach the bar and screw it in with the correct size screws.
3. How to hang the top rail. Using recessed screws and self-locking nuts, screw the bracket onto the rail. Position the rail against the support bar. The center of the guide must coincide with the edge of the opening towards which the door is moving. The assistant holds the guide, and you drill the marking holes in the strip according to the holes in the brackets. After locking the rail in place, insert the wheel blocks one at a time.
4. How to hang the door. The assistant holds the door vertically under the rail, while you move the wheel blocks along the rail so that each block is against the carrier. Raise the door slightly and slide the bolt heads one at a time into the media slots and lightly screw the nuts onto the media. Tap wedges under the door to secure it. Make sure the distance to the floor is within the standard specified by the manufacturer. Adjust the door travel, tighten the nuts with a wrench. Remove the wedges.
5. Fastening the bottom shoe. Carefully move the door to the “open” position, making sure it does not slide off the rails. Place the shoe on the floor by the side of the opening. Check if it is under the groove in the bottom of the door. Use an awl to mark holes in the floor and screw the shoe to the floor. If the floor is stone, drill holes with a drill and drive plugs into them..
6. Installation of stoppers. Assemble the rubber stoppers and backing plates with the accessory screws. Slide a stopper from each end of the rail into the door travel lock points. Then tighten the screws securely. So the stoppers are in place.