The first pharmaceutical gardens appeared several centuries ago at monasteries. There were no pharmacies as such at that time, they were treated with herbs, often people came to the monks for help. Now the most famous “Pharmaceutical Garden” operates at the Lomonosov Moscow State University. This is a large Botanical Garden, the oldest in Russia, founded under Peter I.
Peppermint can be safely called one of the most popular and ancient medicinal plants on the planet. Fragrant, useful, also widely used in cooking, peppermint is very unpretentious. It can grow even in the shade near the wall of the house, the plant is perennial, does not require special care. The only caveat is that mint grows quickly, so it is better to limit the area where it will germinate.
A very close relative of mint is lemon balm. She is also unpretentious in cultivation and care. Lemon scent differs from mint. This plant, which has a slight hypnotic and relaxing effect, can be added to summer iced teas, and simply dried for the winter..
Nivyanik or chamomile familiar to everyone from childhood. First of all, she is, of course, beautiful, so she rightfully takes her place in the most noticeable ceremonial flower beds. But chamomile also has anti-inflammatory properties. If, for example, you freeze a decoction of chamomile, it is very useful to wash your face with such ice cubes in the morning – no ordinary face cream can compare. Remember that chamomile should be watered during dry periods, but you cannot overdo it, because it also does not like an excess of moisture. In addition, you need to choose a sunny area for chamomile..
Oregano. Another not only very useful, but also a beautiful plant. Oregano smells great, attracts butterflies to the site, positively affects the work of intestinal peristalsis, and also enhances the secretion of various glands of the body. Dried oregano can be used in cooking by adding flavor to, for example, meat. You can grow oregano in a regular flower bed, preferably in a well-lit area. No special care needed.
Sage is familiar to many, it is easy to care for, it blooms beautifully, therefore it deserves a place in your pharmaceutical garden. The plant is perennial, although there are annual varieties. Sage is good for throat ailments and is used in cooking. The plant propagates by seeds, which you can collect yourself. Any well-lit and wind-protected area is suitable for sage..
How to do in a pharmaceutical garden without medicinal calendula! These adorable orange flowers will decorate any flower bed and can be grown in flowerpots. A decoction of calendula helps with cuts and abrasions, and is also a drug for stomatitis and gingivitis. Calendula can also be used to combat various gastrointestinal problems..
Bright, tall, beautiful fireweed or Ivan-tea, like most of the wild plants, does not need special care and will calmly grow almost without your participation in a well-lit meadow. Ivan tea is used for gastritis, has tranquilizing properties, which resembles valerian.
Jerusalem artichoke. This beautiful flower is called an earthen pear for its tasty and healthy root. Jerusalem artichoke can grow in one place for up to 40 years, it normally refers to almost any type of soil, reproduces by tubers. It is advisable to huddle and water the plant in order to increase the yield. Jerusalem artichoke tubers are used for cooking various dishes, the plant helps in the prevention of diabetes and already during the disease itself.
The bright yellow elecampane flowers, somewhat similar to dandelions, will become a decoration of the garden, and the plant itself is considered to be a cure for all diseases. A decoction of elecampane will help with bronchitis and tracheitis, it is also used to enhance the secretion of bile and diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.