Biofireplace for an apartment: how to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands

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What is a biofireplace, how does it work and how much does it cost? What is the advantage of biofireplaces over traditional ones and what are their disadvantages? You will find answers to these and many other questions in our article. We will also talk about how to create a do-it-yourself desktop bio fireplace.

Bio fireplace for an apartment. How to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands

Biofireplace is a source of open fire that runs on environmentally friendly liquid biofuel. It consists of a hearth, in which combustion takes place directly, and a portal that frames a hearth from a fuel tank. Consider these parts of the fireplace separately.

Bio fireplace elements

Fuel tank– part of the lesion in the form of a metal container filled with a tampon. The container can have different shapes, but it is always located at the bottom. There is a hole in the upper part of the tank through which alcohol vapors escape – it also serves as a nozzle. The biofireplace fuel itself deserves a special mention..

Bio fireplace for an apartment. How to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands

Bioethanol, denatured alcohol– alcohol obtained from organic products by distilling fermented wort. In its original form, it is edible ethyl alcohol. To prevent its use in food, it is denatured, or simply poisoned. At the same time, an indicator is usually added to the liquid, as a rule, purple.

Hearth– place of direct combustion of the flame. Small models – desktop, mobile, camping – combine the hearth with a fuel tank without additional parts (except for a cover for long-term storage). Large models have a metal frame in the hearth area, a shutter, a control panel and a hidden piezoelectric element for ignition.

Portal– the form in which the hearth is enclosed. The portal can have a wide variety of shapes, but most modern biofireplaces are executed in an ascetic high-tech style..

Bio fireplace device, video

Burning bio fireplace

A bio-fireplace is essentially an alcohol burner made in a given shape. The swab in the fuel tank serves to create a capillarity effect – the liquid moves along the fibers to the place of combustion. The burner is based on pyrolysis – combustion of gas, in this case bioethanol vapor. Due to the absence of solid impurities and inclusions in the fuel material, combustion products can be classified as environmentally friendly substances.

Advantages of the bio fireplace

Bio fireplace is a new product on the market that is rapidly gaining popularity. This is not only a tribute to fashion, but also a lot of beneficial advantages..

Convenience.The purity of combustion emissions allows the use of a bio fireplace without a chimney. This decisive advantage makes it an exceptionally technological product – the fireplace can be placed anywhere that suits the installation requirements. It does not require a separate foundation and heat-resistant floor piping. Approximately 50% of these products are made in a portable version, the rest are mounted on the floor, walls and even suspended from the ceiling.

Bio fireplace for an apartment. How to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands

Manufacturability.The Alcohol Burner Hearth can be purchased separately, without a portal. It can then be installed in an existing traditional fireplace insert. This will preserve the function and appearance of the interior and eliminate the need for solid fuel procurement and the risk of smoke. Full-fledged biofireplaces, due to their simplicity and low cost of construction, are made in a sufficient range of sizes. The portal can also be made to order from any material.

Safety.Factory fireplaces are supplied complete with protective panels and covers, so the bio fireplace portal can be made of drywall or wood without fear of overheating ignition. Ignition and combustion of fuel occurs without sparks and flame fluctuations (when using a special lighter). When burned, the fuel decomposes into water vapor and CO2. The concentration of carbon dioxide is negligible and does not affect the air quality in the presence of standard room ventilation.

Functionality.In a conventional fireplace, most of the heat is removed along with the toxic exhaust gases through the chimney. In a biofireplace, the entire combustion temperature is transferred to the ambient air. Medium-sized device equivalent to 3 kW electric heater.

Reliability, simplicity of the device.Basic models of alcohol fireplaces do not have mechanisms, moving parts, abrasive parts. If used correctly, these are “eternal” devices (service life is unlimited). “Bioburning” does not form carbon deposits, which reduces the maintenance of the fireplace to wiping along with other elements of the interior. More complex and expensive models have electronic control – from the panel, remote control or Wi-Fi from a tablet or phone. Like any electronic device, they can fail, but not more often than others..

Originality and beauty.The new biofireplace can be matched to absolutely any design – from minimalist cold hi-tech to luxurious baroque. The portal can be ordered at any workshop, from any material. Such a hearth of open fire in the middle of the room will become the emotional center of the whole house, intuitively reminding of the rest of distant ancestors at night by the fire. Always even and stable tongues of flame are a “living” piece of interior that can be moved at your discretion.

The cost.The price of the device itself together with the portal does not exceed the price of a fireplace of the same format with a traditional or electrical layout.

Disadvantages of biofireplace

Along with its advantages, this product has its own disadvantages, which are a tribute to convenience, safety and environmental friendliness..

Dependence on one type of fuel.The burner works only on alcohols, while a regular fireplace can be fired with any solid combustible.

The relative high cost of fuel.A medium-sized heating block (burner) consumes 0.3–0.4 liters per hour. The average cost of 1 liter of fuel is 200–250 rubles *. Burning a fireplace for one hour will cost about 100 rubles.

* We are talking about factory fuel for biofireplaces.

Bio fireplace for an apartment. How to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands

Airing.Mandatory requirement for the room, since the fireplace does not have its own chimney.

Minimum room area.The room in which the hearth is installed must be at least 25 sq. m.

Bio fireplaces cost

Name Dimensions, mm Specifications Price, rub.
DirectCheminee Universal, France / Russia 760х335х800 1 TB * 2.5 L, hearth walls included, classic look 75,000
DirectCheminee Universal X2, France / Russia 980х345х1100 2 TB x 2.5 L, hearth walls included, classic view 95,000
Planika CALVADOS Cherry / Ivory, Poland 860x870x365 1 TB 2.8 L, wood portal, classic look 120,000
DirectCheminee Baroque Italiano, France / Russia 1300x400x1100 1TB 3L, portal and cast marble top, exquisite look 145,000
BERLONI Turin, Italy 1100х1100х320 2 TB 2.2 L each, MDF portal and painted steel 58,000
Horus Freedom Wall, Italy 950x400x870 1 TB 2.9 L, steel and glass portal 160,000
Horus Tetris, Italy 1000x1000x450 1 TB, stainless steel, painted steel, tempered glass, independent arrangement 177,000
Wall mounted
Planika Wallfire, Poland 360х810х210 thermostat, fan heater, stainless steel / glass, 2.5-3.7 kW 191,000
Horus ZEN, Italy 1200х340х450 steel / glass, 2.1-2.8 kW 140,000
Horus Closer inox Frame, Italy 640x640x220 steel / glass, 1.8–2.2 kW 110,000
DirectCheminee Premier, France / Russia 800x250x500 Any finishing option from any material, 1.8-2.6 kW 42,000
DirectCheminee Autofire 146 electronic, France / Russia 1460x290x620 Fully electronic control system, flow rate 1 l / h, 6.2 kW 300,000
DirectCheminee Monumentale Huge for 5 furnaces, France / Russia 2000x300x790 5 TB painted steel 5.8 kW 220,000
Desktop (small)
DirectCheminee Bio candle Reed 3, France / Russia Interior element, stainless steel steel 16,000
DirectCheminee Bio candle “Classic” on marble base (Modern collection), France / Russia Interior element, stainless steel steel, marble 9,000
DirectCheminee Block-box 2,5 l (Artificial stone), France / Russia 440х340х105 Stainless steel steel, artificial stone of your choice (200 types) 28,000
DirectCheminee Block-box INOX 5 l, France / Russia 550х510х350 Stainless steel steel, surface finish – mirror, metal, wood 50,000
Planika Simple Commerce, Poland height 420, diameter 380 Glass flask – Italy, burner – 1.5 L (7 hours) 48,500
Planika Stone, Poland height 410, diameter 450 Glass flask – Italy, at the base of the Scandinavian field stone, burner – 0.6 l (up to 2 hours) 82,000
Planika VERANDA GF-07 Table, Poland height 597, diameter 700 Glass – Italy, wood legs – teak, burner 1 l (3.5 hours) 95,000

* TB – fuel block.

DIY biofireplace

As mentioned above, a liquid fuel biofireplace is an alcohol pyrolysis burner. All we need to do to get a room safe fire source is to arrange all the elements in a decorative way. We will describe the method of creating a desktop portable bio fireplace, based on the principle of operation of which you can create a stationary hearth.

Create the base

The base of a tabletop decorative burner should be a stable box or container that will hold the entire fuel tank. It can be made from wood, metal, stone, or selected from existing parts. It can be of any geometric shape, but it must necessarily have a bottom. On the inner side of the sides, it is necessary to sew a 20 mm wide strip for the subsequent installation of the mesh and the bulb.

Bio fireplace for an apartment. How to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands

We select a fuel tank

The container for the flammable liquid must be metal. You can cut it out of a tin can and provide it with a metal lid with a hole. The height of the container should be less than the height of the base by 20-30 mm and freely enter it.

Bio fireplace for an apartment. How to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands


Designed to visually hide the burner. It is advisable to choose a rigid lattice with a cell of 5-15 mm. Cut the grate 1 cm less than the internal dimensions of the base box.

At this stage, the “fireplace” can already be used. To do this, you need to install a container with fuel in the base box, immerse the wick and thread it through the grate. Install the lattice itself on the planks of the base box, put beautiful stones on top and press the wick with them. The result is a flame that breaks through the stones..

Bio fireplace for an apartment. How to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands

This arrangement gives the maximum proximity to fire, which negatively affects the fire safety of the product. Almost all table-top fireplaces have one thing in common – a “well” with translucent walls in the form of a bulb or rectangular pipe.

Create transparent walls

To do this, you need to cut the glass in such a way that, after connecting the walls, the flask can be installed on the rails. You can glue the walls with ordinary silicone sealant..

Bio fireplace for an apartment. How to make a desktop biofireplace with your own hands

When creating a project for a tabletop fireplace, keep in mind the convenience of refueling a fuel tank..

An alcohol burner is a useful thing in the household, hiking and unforeseen occasions. You can make it from a pair of tin cans.

Alcohol burner. Video tutorial on how to do it yourself

Turbo burners

Step-by-step video of a turbo burner for alcohol

DIY mini-burner

Alcohol candles may also be helpful..

DIY alcohol candles, video

Larger products can be created using the same principle. When using homemade bio-burners, remember the main rule – the fuel must be clean. However, even it can be made independently by mixing 10 parts of medical alcohol with 1 part of AI-95 gasoline..

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