When choosing a private house project, it is very important to think about what the area of each of the rooms will be? How many square meters do you need for a bedroom of two people, a nursery, a living room for the whole family, a comfortable kitchen? Let’s deal with this issue together, study the existing requirements and expert advice.
Let’s start with SNiP 31-01-2003 “Residential apartment buildings”. This document in its Article 5 and Subsection 5.7 indicates the minimum area of each room in the building. According to this SNiP, the minimum parameters of rooms in an apartment building should be as follows:
- the height of the ceilings in the living rooms and the kitchen is regulated at 2.7 m, in the corridor at least 2.1 m, in the attic 2.3 m. The possible minimum height for other rooms is 2.5 m;
- for the bedroom, the minimum area is set at 8 m2 and 10 m2, if two people live in it;
- for the living room – 16 “squares”;
- kitchens – 5 m2 (for one-room apartments);
- attic room – 7 m2.
We emphasize that these are all requirements related to apartments. Owners of private houses, choosing a standard project or creating their own, can take these indicators as a minimum and “dance” from them, adding their wishes.
Important! Particularly strict standards apply to boiler rooms in private houses. For example, for boilers up to 30 kW, a room with a volume of at least 7.5 m is required.3, up to 60 kW – not less than 13.5 m3, up to 200 kW – not less than 15 m3. Only boilers with a capacity of up to 30 kW can be placed in the kitchen by equipping a separate place. A solid fuel boiler requires a separate room with an area of 8 m2.
Usually this is the largest room in the house, gathering guests and all household members. When choosing the parameters of your living room, you should take into account the size of the furniture, which is a lot here. For example, an ordinary sofa has a depth of 74 cm and a length of 200 cm. If you want a sofa corner, you need to take into account its increased size and location. And for a semicircular sofa-island, even more space is needed.
We must not forget about the TV. The distance to the screen should be 6-8 times its diagonal. If the computer, the workplace will be located in the living room, then a separate corner is required. According to experts, for a family of five, the living room should have an area of at least 25 m2.
Take a bedroom for two people, the owners of the house. The most important place in it will be occupied by the bed and here it is important to consider its size. A standard bed for two has a width of 1.6×2 m. And if the owners need a King Size bed, it should be borne in mind that its width is already 1.8 m. The calculations also include bedside tables, dressing table, wardrobe. It turns out that a spacious bedroom for two with a king size bed should be at least 14-15 m2.
In this case, it all depends on the number of children and the availability of an additional play area. If in the nursery one child just sleeps and does homework, 12 m is enough2. If the room has a play area, a sports corner, it is advisable to add at least a couple of “squares”. If there are two or three children, it is necessary to consider whether there will be a bunk bed in the room or separate sleeping places.
In general, you can completely refuse such a room in the house. And if it does exist, it is usually small – 10-12 m2.
There are two options – a separate kitchen or a kitchen-dining room. In the latter case, if you intend to receive about 10 guests, the total area of the room must be at least 18 square meters: 8 m2 under the very working area of the kitchen and 10 m2 for the dining room. Accordingly, if you just have a kitchen, without a dining room, its optimal size is 8 m2. This is enough for two to cook and breakfast for a family of four. For a kitchen with an island, according to experts, an area of at least 10 “squares”.
WC and bathroom
For a separate bathroom with a toilet and a small sink, 1.3 m will be enough2 area. For a bathroom, where a washing machine and a washbasin will stand – at least 4.25 m2. To place the bidet, you will need another 0.75 “square”. It is advisable to make a combined bathroom with two sinks, a bathtub and a washing machine with an area of 7 m2.
As for the rest of the premises of the house, then 6 to 10 m should be allocated for the hallway or hall2. If you have a staircase here, do not forget that its width is not less than 0.9 m, and in general it will take about 6 “squares”. For a small pantry, 2 m will be enough2, at least the same amount should be allocated for a dressing room. The minimum area of the vestibule in a private house is 1.3 “squares”.