Cooking and heating ovens: types and features

Stoves that allow you not only to heat the room, but also to cook food are an excellent choice for a summer cottage or a private house where there is no gas supply. Double benefits and savings. Our advice site will tell you about the types and features of cooking and heating furnaces, as well as the criteria for their selection.

Cooking and heating ovens

First, we list all the advantages of cooking and heating furnaces:

  • Multifunctionality. Such ovens can be equipped not only with a hob above the firebox, but also with an oven, and even a bread maker. Especially “advanced” can also have a special pizza oven and a water heating tank.
  • Independence. Neither gas nor electricity is needed, only solid fuel.
  • Large selection of models. There are cooking and heating ovens, which have a built-in electric oven, are with the ability to connect to gas, there are different sizes and from different materials, which we will talk about below.
  • The ability to control the combustion mode. You can leave the fuel to just smolder so that the food is cooked over low heat at a relatively low temperature.
  • Compactness. Ready-made heating and cooking ovens weigh up to 250 kilograms and have an average width of 80 centimeters. Therefore, they do not need a separate foundation and a lot of space in the room..
  • The stove is always cozy and warm, a special atmosphere. Many people think that dishes cooked on a live fire are tastier.

Cooking and heating ovens

Important! A striking example of a multifunctional furnace is the Russian one, about the construction of which the portal has already written about with its own hands. The Russian stove cooks, and fries, and extinguishes, and it can heat water, and acts as a sleeping place.

Cooking and heating ovens

The body of the cooking and heating oven can be made of:

  • Refractory bricks, chamotte. Such furnaces are always the largest in size and heavy, and can be built according to individual projects. And the brick keeps the heat the longest.
  • Boiler steel. The lightest and cheapest, the room heats up quickly, but does not maintain heat. Cladding the steel case with brick can correct the situation.
  • Cast iron. Solid, solid, heavy. It was cast iron that was the traditional material for stoves, which can also have a hob.

The materials for the furnace are also chamotte plates or cast iron. Cast iron furnaces are always factory-made and in case of problems they will have to be changed completely.

Cooking and heating ovens

The hob is traditionally cast-iron, rings with rings allow you to adjust the boiling force, control the cooking process. The oven is most often steel, since it is not exposed to such intense heat.

Doors – cast iron or tempered, heat-resistant glass. The latter option is more expensive, but it allows you to admire the living fire and control how the dish is prepared in the oven..

Cooking and heating ovens

Important! Modern cooking and heating ovens can have a body and a hob made of heat-resistant ceramics. It is beautiful and durable. But the price will be high, which is why such ovens have not yet received distribution in our country..

When deciding what your cooking and heating stove will be, pay attention to the following points:

  • Dimensions. It all depends on the room where the oven will be installed.
  • Power. Remember that 1–1.5 kW is enough to warm a 10 square meter room. On average, furnaces have a capacity of 4-9, sometimes up to 13 kW.
  • Material. You have a choice of the above.
  • The presence of a warm fireclay brick wall at the back thanks to a special system of smoke channels. Conveniently, the stove will warm up the house much more efficiently, the room behind the wall will also be very warm. Remember the traditional village houses with stove heating – in them the stove was installed in the center, at the junction of the walls of four rooms. And they were all warm from a single source.
  • The presence of an oven and other functions. It is worth considering how all the parts are located. For example, a bread maker is most often equipped directly above the firebox. Sometimes you can cook directly in the firebox, but more often the oven is located nearby, separately. It’s more convenient and safer this way. In addition, you need to pay attention to the number of burners and the ability to adjust the cooking process thanks to the rings.

Cooking and heating ovens

Cooking and heating stoves made of steel and cast iron, that is, ready-made models, have an important advantage – they can be installed in the house after it has been built. The presence of a massive brick oven must be planned in advance..

As for the manufacturers of cooking and heating furnaces, today the Russian brands “Termofor”, “Teplodar”, “Inzhkomtsentr” successfully compete with previously popular Finnish brands. The price of a stove with a hob is on average from 7 to 50 thousand rubles.

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