- Some features of the gazebo
- The choice of material for the gazebo
- Choosing a place for a gazebo
- Gazebo construction
- Floor strapping and racks
- Laying floor boards
- Roof and roof
- Calculation of material for the gazebo
The article will tell you about gazebos of different types that you can assemble yourself. You will learn how to choose the optimal location for your gazebo, what material to give preference to. The article provides general instructions for assembling a frame gazebo made of wood or metal.
Some features of the gazebo
The gazebo is a frame structure, partially sheathed with sheet or cellular material. The walls of the gazebo are mainly a decorative function, they can be considered more an element of design or decoration than a full-fledged supporting structure (in most cases, these are not even walls, but side-railings).
The main element of the gazebo is the roof. The most popular are gable and hipped roofs – they allow you to avoid the accumulation of snow and one-sided wear (distortion) of the roof. In this case, the roof angle should be maintained no more than 30 ° (in this case, the rafter system will last longer).
As a rule, the gazebo is raised above the ground to avoid flooding. This is done using a primitive columnar foundation, sometimes just from cinder block or brick “hemp”. Another reason for ground clearance is the preservation of the wooden floor..
The absence of doors is also a distinctive feature of the gazebo (this puts the gazebo in the classification between the awning and the vestibule).
The choice of material for the gazebo
Since the gazebo is part of the exterior of the entire site, its appearance and elements should be in harmony with the house, fence and other small architectural forms. This does not mean that it must necessarily be performed from the same material, it is enough just to observe the general style. For example, you can combine materials as follows:
- Against the background of a brick house, a gazebo made of logs or a bar with brick elements will look good.
- A frame house, finished with ordinary light siding, a gazebo made of wood painted to match.
- Against the background of a house with a “wet” facade, a gazebo made of white silicate bricks looks good.
- If the gazebo is planned to be arranged in a garden where there is a lot of greenery, it is better to make it in the form of a metal frame that will wrap around the plants, which will give the structure a picturesque.
The gazebo can be made of any weather-resistant material – log, timber, brick, profile metal. But the leader remains a reliable, convenient and affordable tree.
Choosing a place for a gazebo
This factor depends on what functions the structure will perform. If this is a place for a quiet secluded rest or reading, then it is better to place the gazebo in the depths of the site, in a shaded and windless place. If you intend to receive guests and arrange family feasts, the place should be near the house; it will be good to combine the gazebo with a barbecue or barbecue.
You should also pay attention to the illumination of the gazebo (how the sunlight passes, and correlate this factor with your requirements). In addition, if the gazebo is more than 6 sq. m, you should take care of the drainage from its roof.
Typically, this work takes 3-4 days and does not require special skills or tools. We will tell you how to build a frame-type gazebo made of metal or wood.
As mentioned above, the foundation must raise the entire structure above the ground by at least 100 mm. If the base is planned to be made of wood, it is enough to lay posts made of brick or concrete into the level (the easiest way is to concreted the cuttings of the asbestos pipe). Column pitch – 1-1.5 meters.
Attention! Do not use silicate brick for the foundation – when saturated with moisture, its strength decreases.
If the gazebo is metal, you can concrete the main posts directly into the posts – this will increase its reliability.
General requirements for the foundation:
- Depth not less than 200 mm.
- Comprehensive waterproofing.
- Mortar without cement saving (1: 3).
- For bricks – masonry mesh across a row.
- For concrete – conditional reinforcement.
Floor strapping and racks
The best option for the floor is a 50×100 mm edged wooden board with 15–20 mm slots. To lay it, you need to create a base from the lag. To do this, you can use a beam of 100×100 mm or a spliced board 50×100 mm. The support points of the floor slab on the foundation are tied, as is done in the construction of frame country houses.
When installing a metal floor frame, use a 60×80 profile pipe to create a network of cells with a maximum size of 800 mm (maximum 800×800 mm). The pipes are butt welded. Further, you can install racks from the same pipe, welding them directly onto the floor frame. Another option is to weld 150×150 mm “heels” from a 2 mm plate to the uprights and install them on the floor boards.
Wooden racks from a double board 50×100 are installed with fastening to the floor slab and a pitch of no more than 1500 mm.
Laying floor boards
For optimization purposes, the coating can be made of constructive material – 50×100 boards. It can be mounted with self-tapping screws directly or in a secret. It is recommended to drill the board before installation. To maintain a constant gap, use a 20 mm rail template.
Roof and roof
The roof structure needs to be planned at the stage of determining the appearance of the gazebo. Its rafter system directly depends on the number and location of support points – the main posts. The simplest option – a rectangular shape and support points around the perimeter – allows you to make a conventional gable roof. To do this, you just need to tie the top of the racks and cut them. Then place the center posts under the skate and skateboard. Next, create rafters by attaching them to the ridge and perimeter strapping. Actions with metal are the same, but instead of a board, a 40×40 professional pipe is used.
Main facade: 1 – foundation pillars; 2 – floor slab beams; 3 – flooring; 4 – railings; 5 – skate; 6 – rafters; 7 – roofing material
After installing the rafter system, you need to arrange the crate. Wooden – from a bar 40×40 is attached to wooden rafters – with self-tapping screws; to metal – with drilled roofing screws. Metal to metal is attached either by welding or by bolts. The roofing material can be anything, but usually it repeats the roof of the house.
The main element is the support board, and it must be installed securely on self-tapping screws or welding. Filling the spans is a creative work, it can be arbitrary. Usually it is a simple through (with slots) sheathing or a lattice pattern of the “shingle” type. Forged decorations are often welded onto metal frames..
Calculation of material for the gazebo
The size of the gazebo – 3×3 m, height 2.5 m.
Foundation: 9 points 200x200x400 mm each = 9 x 0.016 = 0.144 cubic meters m of concrete. Reinforcement Ø 10–12 mm – 15 m, wire. Waterproofing – roofing material or coating (cold bitumen).
Floor slab (double board 50×100): 5×3 = 15 lin. m of spliced timber (professional pipes 60×80) = 30 linear meters. m boards 50×100.
Racks: 9 pcs. x 3 m = 27 m of timber (professional pipes 60×80) = 54 linear meters. m boards.
Top strapping: 4 things. x 3 m = 12 lin. m boards (professional pipes 40×40).
Rafters (step 500): 3000/500 x 2 = 12 linear m boards (professional pipes 40×40).
Lathing (step 400): (2000/400 x 3) x 2 = 15 x 2 = 30 lin. m (beams, professional pipes 40×40).
Floor covering: 3m (length) / 0.1 (board width) = 30pcs 3 m each = 90 linear m.
Railing: 4×3 = 12 lin. m boards (professional pipes 60×80).
Roofing material: 12 sq. m.
Antiseptic, fasteners, paint, filling under the railings, other: 10% of the material cost.
Total wood option
- Board 50×100: 30 + 54 + 12 + 90 + 12 = 198, we take 200 r. m = 1 cubic meter m.
- Beam 40×40: 30 lin. m.
Total metal option
- Protruba 60×80: 15 + 27 + 12 = 54 lin. m.
- Protruba 40×40: 12 + 12 +30 = 54 lin. m.
- Board 50×100 (for floor): 0.45 cubic meters m.
All wood materials should not only be antiseptic, but also treated with fire retardants so that your gazebo does not become a rapidly flammable threat on the site in the event of a fire. It is not recommended to attach additional elements to the gazebo for which it is not designed. Try to think over everything in advance, and then the overall view will be beautiful and complete..