Do-it-yourself carport in the country

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A good canopy in the country protects the car from the sun and bad weather. With intensive use of the car, the carport is much more convenient than a major garage. It’s not difficult to build an original and practical carport with your own hands, use our tips and tricks.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

Having chosen a suitable place, sketch on paper a plan diagram indicating the exact dimensions, draw up a calculation and prepare a tool.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

Required tool

A good owner has almost all the necessary tools to build a shed. You can always rent or ask a neighbor for something missing. There is no need for highly specialized tools, but depending on the materials used for the racks, a different set of tools may be needed:

  1. Trench tool: shovel, sledgehammer, pickaxe and scrap – will be required for earthwork: leveling the site and digging holes for the canopy posts.
  2. Carpentry tool: a hammer, a hacksaw for wood, a chisel or a chisel – used to install wooden racks, logs and roof sheathing.
  3. Measuring tool: tape measure, spirit level or building level, plumb line, carpentry corner – are necessary in any case for the correct installation and installation of the canopy.
  4. Power tool: drill, turbo grinder, screwdriver and bits, jigsaw. And in the case of installing reinforced concrete or metal support racks for a carport, you will need welding machine.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

Consumable fasteners include nails, screws, bolts, metal corners, etc. Their number and size are determined depending on the materials and construction of the canopy.

Materials and their cost

The calculation of materials is carried out in accordance with the drawing of the carport. Taking the conditional length of the car at 4 meters – the canopy is planned to be 5×2.5 m.If the car exceeds the usual dimensions, a jeep or a minivan, the canopy is built somewhat more spacious, about 6.5×3.5 m. When designing a canopy, start from the dimensions of the roofing sheets. The height of the canopy should allow the trunk to open freely. It is about 2.5 meters.

The number of support posts, depending on the material, the area of ​​the canopy and the weight of the roof, ranges from 4 to 10 pcs. If one of the sides is adjacent to the building, less racks will be required. Materials for supporting posts and canopy frame made of metal:

  • round pipe with a diameter of at least 1 inch or similar profiled (square or rectangular);
  • metal corner with a shelf of at least 50 mm or a channel, T-bar or I-beam with a metal thickness of 3 mm.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

The cost of a rolled metal profile depends on the metal grade, the most common for steel 40 GOST 1050–88, and the weight formed by the wall thickness. To date, a profile pipe 50x50x3 costs within 250 rubles per meter. Corner 50x50x5 – approximately 200 rubles per meter.

A frame made of wooden beams will be cheaper. For support posts, a 100×100 coniferous beam costs approximately 100 rubles per running meter. A beam for a 50×50 frame costs about 30 rubles. m. The price is influenced by the type of wood, moisture and wood species.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

Any materials used for roofing work are suitable for covering the canopy:

1. Decking – with a polymer coating 0.4 mm thick costs from 230 to 400 rubles / m2, similar galvanized within 180-250 rubles / m2. A galvanized steel sheet measuring 1000x2000x0.4 mm costs about 3300 rubles per piece. A galvanized ridge with a size of 2000×100 mm will cost 120-200 rubles per piece, and with a polymer coating – 250 rubles / piece. For arranging a metal roof, additional and drainage elements will be required.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

2. Slate gray type SV-40 has 7 or 8 waves with a thickness of 5.8 mm and standard dimensions of 1750×1130 mm, costs 300–330 rubles per sheet. Slate sheet weighs from 19 to 25 kg, depending on the thickness and density of the material. Colored slate will cost a little more – up to 400 rubles a sheet. The disadvantages of slate include the fragility of the material and high weight..

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

3. Metal tiles with a thickness of 0.4 mm cost from 230 rubles / m2. The working width of the metal tile is 1100 mm, the total is 1180 mm. It is a reliable and lightweight material for canopy roofing. It is easy to transport and install.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

4. The plastic roof is designed for canopies and awnings. As a rule, it is made of polycarbonate or PVC. The standard sheet size is 2000×900 mm or it is produced in rolls of 10–20 meters with a width of 1.5 to 3 m. On average, the price of a sheet is around 400 rubles.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

Installation of canopy support posts

For the support posts of the canopy, according to the marking, holes are drilled or dug with a depth of 0.7 meters. The bottom is covered with rubble and compacted. The concreted end of the support post is treated with antiseptic and bitumen mastic. The support struts set up strictly vertically are poured with concrete. The principle of installing supports is the same for wooden and metal racks..

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

After the concrete has dried, a rafter structure for the roof is mounted on the racks. Wooden support posts are tied around the perimeter with a board of 50×150 mm, a rafter skeleton is installed on the formed upper crown of the canopy. A 50×100 mm bar with an installation step of about a meter is suitable for it. The exact pitch of the rafters dictates the width of the roofing material. The rafter is installed at the overlap of the roofing sheets.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

For metal racks, the rafter system is welded on the ground. A rectangular frame is welded from a 50×50 mm corner according to the dimensions of the racks. For a corner gable roof of a canopy, rafters are welded from the same corner. For an arched roof, a metal strip is used. Holes are drilled in the rafter system for fastening the roof. Typically, the pitch of holes for any type of roof is 10-15 cm. The rafter system is installed on support posts and fastened by welding.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

Carport Roof Decking

A crate is sewn onto the rafters perpendicular to them. For this, both edged and unedged boards 20×100 mm are used. The first line of the crate is stuffed along the edge of the slope, the upper line is at the point of attachment of the ridge. The distance between the lines is 50–70 cm. The lines should be located at the points of fastening and overlaps of the roof.

Roofing sheets begin to be laid from the bottom corner to the ridge with an overlap of 10-15 cm. The slate is fixed with special galvanized nails with a large head. It is nailed with light rhythmic blows with a hammer on a slate nail installed at the top of the wave.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

For plastic slate, corrugated board, metal tiles, galvanized self-tapping screws equipped with special plastic gaskets or press washers are used. Usually 10-12 self-tapping screws are required for one roofing sheet. Roofing sheets are often supplied with a set of fasteners of the corresponding color.

Do-it-yourself carport in the country

Roofing sheets are attached to the metal canopy frame using bolts with metal and sealing washers or self-tapping screws for metal, under which sealing gaskets are installed.

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