Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

An artificial pond in the country house or a lake near the house is a clear advantage, a place to relax by the water. But the banks are eroded with water over time, the earth can literally “leave from under our feet.” Our tips site will tell you about ways to strengthen the coastline of natural and artificial reservoirs.

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

When choosing a way to strengthen the shore of an existing or future reservoir, one should take into account how gentle it is, what type of soil is in this area, is there a current, how great is the danger of undermining.

Let’s start with one of the most reliable ways to strengthen the coastline – using gabions. The portal told in detail where and how gabions can be used – frames made of a strong metal mesh with stones inside. We also described the technology of building gabions with our own hands.

Regarding artificial ponds in the country, their walls can be initially completely built using gabions. And the pond will turn out to be very durable, beautiful, with smooth, solid banks. If the shore of the reservoir is flat, then we will talk about Reno mattresses, flat gabions that are laid horizontally along the ground.

Reno mattress video:

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

The second reliable and time-tested option for strengthening the coastline is the use of a geogrid. First, part of the soil is removed from the shore, the surface is leveled, geotextiles are laid. Then the geogrid itself is fixed – with plastic or metal anchors. The cells are filled with stone, crushed stone, soil, sand – at your discretion. If the geogrid is covered with earth, it is quite possible to plant plants on top, which will make the site more beautiful. In addition, the roots will additionally keep the banks from slipping into the reservoir..

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

The third most reliable way to strengthen the coastline is to use a PVC sheet pile. It is made from composite materials and polyvinyl chloride. Perfect for steep shores. By the way, PVC sheet piling is also used to create terraces and retaining walls in areas with a slope. Material can be reused.

As a result, a reliable coastline is built from the PVC sheet pile, and you can choose the color of the material. Each sheet pile has a ribbed shoulder that provides adhesion to adjacent parts. The downside is that in dense soil, if the bank is high, the sheet pile will have to be immersed with hydraulic equipment. Or put in a lot of effort.

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

The use of wooden piles, logs and boulders is a rather reliable, but still more decorative option for strengthening coastlines. Yes, it is beautiful – wood and stones of different sizes on the shore. Moreover, very often such a strengthening turns out to be complex – a small mound of stones supporting a wall of wooden piles. It will turn out more reliable.

Stones can be selected in the most varied shapes and sizes, and a beautiful composition can be laid out on the shore. But, we admit, both options are not for large reservoirs, most often they are used on the banks of artificial ponds.

Important! Not every wood species can withstand constant exposure to moisture. Larch, for example, can, but it’s expensive. Therefore, we recommend protecting wooden piles with water-repellent impregnation..

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

The fifth option for strengthening the coastlines is the most environmentally friendly, beautiful, but not always suitable and reliable. This method consists in planting plants. Most often, willow trees are planted in order to strengthen the coastlines; shrubs – amorph, bubblegum, sea buckthorn, red currant; as well as macrophytes – marsh iris, calamus, sedge, cattail, mannik, rump. Macrophytes feel great partially in water, they are not afraid of flooding.

It is important that the plants have a branched root system that will keep the soil from sliding into the water. Plants can be combined with boulders – partly fill the shore with stones, partly plant with plants.

Also environmentally friendly, an additional way to strengthen the banks is to use linen or coconut mats. They are covered with soil, plants are planted on top.

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

Methods for strengthening the banks of natural and artificial reservoirs

For large-scale work to strengthen the shores of a natural lake or river, professionals are usually involved. But with your artificial pond, you will have to cope on your own. Or hire workers. The price will be different, depending on the task, the amount of work, complexity and materials used.

Rate article
Tips on any topic from experts
Add comment

By clicking the "Submit comment" button, I consent to the processing of personal data and accept privacy policy