One-story house from a bar: features of planning and construction

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Today we will touch on a rather specific topic – the issues of optimal planning of a house from a bar. In the article we will tell you how to achieve the most useful distribution of space, what type of partitions to use, as well as many other, not quite obvious nuances..

One-story house from a bar: features of planning and construction

Just one detail makes the process of designing houses built from logs or squared beams, requiring a completely different approach. The fact is that lumber has a fixed length, which complicates the layout and requires a rational sawing scheme.

What are the features of designing wooden houses

This means that you do not set the desired dimensions of the rooms: if a 3.5 meter long timber is brought to the object, then the inner walls of the house will be limited to it. To be more precise, they will be even shorter, because part of the length will be “stolen” for the hem.

By making the length of one wall shorter, you will be required to use the leftover lumber to build another, otherwise it will be a waste of money. These two conditions correlate poorly with the general principle of space planning: the larger the area, the easier it is to place everything you need on it. In the case of wooden buildings, an increase in the area will do nothing, the house will simply become like a honeycomb.

One-story house from a bar: features of planning and construction

A longer beam also does not completely solve the problem, because to separate small rooms it will still have to be cut and deal with the remains. Also, do not forget that the optimal length of floor beams is 4.5–5.5 meters, depending on the depth of the inset and the type of timber. This imposes additional restrictions.

How to make a floor plan

The exact layout scheme should be known already at the initial stages of drawing up the project, without this it will not be possible to determine the required number of logs and their layout scheme. This is a rather painstaking work that is performed in two stages. At the first, a scale model of the plan is created, for this, ordinary matches with washed off heads are used. It is not necessary to build the whole house out of them, it is enough to lay out the casing to understand how many beams will go to one row. The modeling does not take into account the exact dimensions for the notch, especially with the remainder, but this method makes it relatively easy to determine the optimal layout using the brute force method.

One-story house from a bar: features of planning and construction

At the second stage, they move on to more accurate calculations: the model is transferred to paper with an indication of the exact thickness of the walls, taking into account the undercuts and residues, then the basic layout scheme is drawn up and the forest consumption is determined. Even the segments cut from the openings are taken into account – it is convenient to start a row with them to offset the end connections.

Technical solution for partitions

If the dimensions of the building exceed the length of the existing forest, you cannot do without the construction of load-bearing walls. They are raised along with the enclosing walls. If the partition has no bearing function, the frame for its construction should not be used for a number of reasons:

  1. On long walls, the timber will have to be spliced, which will negatively affect sound insulation and appearance.
  2. In general, a timber wall has less noise insulation than a framed wooden partition with a filler.
  3. It is cheaper to divide a house with light partitions than a log house.
  4. Frame partitions are installed on the joists before the flooring and do not require additional support, due to which their position and dimensions can be freely varied.

One-story house from a bar: features of planning and construction

In order for the partitions to react to changes in temperature and humidity in the same way with the entire building, their frame is made of wooden beams from 50 mm thick. The configuration of the partition almost completely corresponds to the technique of erecting walls made of gypsum board with double crate and shifted rows of vertical posts. In any case, for the correct installation of the door blocks, a total thickness of the partition of at least 100 mm is required, excluding the thickness of the finishing layer.

Location according to the snap plan

Initially, when the required living space is determined, the main task of the designer is to give the house the desired shape and its location on the site plan, taking into account a number of requirements.

Living room windows should always face the lightest side of the horizon to the south and east. Sometimes, when comparing living rooms in one row, the length of the building becomes so large that it does not fit into the selected boundaries. L-shaped placement solves this problem, but the outer corner must also be turned to the south..

One-story house from a bar: features of planning and construction

When placing a house on a site, take into account the position of existing and prospective buildings: baths, garage, change houses. Leave enough space for laying garden paths, place the facade of the house and adjacent buildings on the same line, make the dimensions of the new building proportional to the size of the plot and other buildings.

Explication issues

Knowing the technical rules for planning wooden houses, you can proceed to the final stage – to determine the purpose of the premises. During the construction process, a wooden house is broken by load-bearing walls into blocks of approximately the same size, they form the basis of the future layout.

One-story house from a bar: features of planning and construction

The living room is considered a versatile space – it is a place of relaxation, a dining area, and a reception area. It is optimal to arrange the living room in the whole block, located as close as possible to the front door. If the dimensions of the block are too large, a non-capital partition is erected across, separating the living room from the kitchen by means of a door, arch or portal. By arranging the living room in the corner of the house, you will get two intersecting streams of natural light, which will visually expand the space and allow you to allocate a little more space for the kitchen.

For living quarters, as you remember, blocks bordering the southern wall of the house are allocated. With their inner walls, living quarters can only border on each other and a corridor, but not on a kitchen or a bathroom. Usually the block is divided in two by a partition, forming two bedrooms of sufficient size. However, if you use two partitions spaced 100-140 cm apart, the narrow space between rooms can be used for a wardrobe and additional soundproofing.

One-story house from a bar: features of planning and construction

A bathroom, a closet and other office premises are placed in the least lit parts of the house, that is, near the north and west walls, which often do not even have windows. The canopy in houses from a bar is usually made attached, they serve as a hallway. It is better not to save money with their size: this is an ideal place for a wardrobe with outerwear, in addition, here you can arrange a small corner for relaxing or receiving guests.

The door from the vestibule to the house can be located close to the corner and immediately lead to the living room. If the entrance hall adjoins approximately in the center of the outer wall, it is optimal to lead the door into the corridor, separated from the living room by a load-bearing wall.

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