- Project development
- The size
- The choice of timber for the gazebo
- Preparatory work
- Construction of the foundation for the gazebo
- Assembling a gazebo from a bar
- Installation of the lower trim
- Installation of pillars
- Installation of cross-bars
- Installation of the upper trim
- Installation of the roof frame and roofing material decking
- Gazebo floor
- Concrete floor
- Wood floors
- Paving slabs
Anyone who is going to build a gazebo from a bar can take a simple or difficult path. The first is to purchase a ready-made set of materials, which remains to be assembled as a designer. The second is more complicated, it involves the construction of a gazebo with your own hands according to the selected drawing.
The construction of the gazebo begins with a drawing. Decide on the type, dimensions of the gazebo, draw or use a finished project. If you have the necessary knowledge and skills, the drawing can be drawn by hand. And, of course, you should think in advance where the building will be located..
Types of arbors:
- Open gazebos – are racks and a roof with or without a low perimeter fence.
- Semi-open gazebos differ from the previous ones in that they have one or two solid walls on the leeward side or to protect from neighboring eyes.
- Closed gazebos, rather, resemble a cozy country house. To maintain visibility and natural light, a window opening is left on each wall.
The dimensions and shape of the gazebo completely depend on the imagination and financial capabilities of the owner. Nevertheless, when determining the size, it is worth considering some nuances:
- The area of the adjacent territory.
- The number of people who will gather at the table.
- Furniture dimensions.
- A place for a brazier or stove, if any will be installed.
Arbor frame scheme: 1 – lower harness, bar 100×50; 2 – vertical support, timber 80×80; 3 – entrance racks 80×50; 4 – top harness; 5 – rafters
The choice of timber for the gazebo
If you are going to work on a finished drawing, then it will necessarily indicate the amount and size of the material required for the construction. But it is worth considering that there are three classic varieties of timber and they are completely interchangeable:
- Non-profiled – the cheapest and most common timber made from freshly sawn wood with a rectangular cross-section.
- The profiled bar differs from the previous one in that it has grooves into which the spikes of the next bar are inserted. In addition, it is made from prepared, dried wood..
- Glued laminated timber is the highest quality, but at the same time the most expensive lumber. It has absolute geometric precision, is durable, resistant to mold or mildew and moisture..
On a note! As for the type of wood, pine is more often preferred, it is less prone to rotting, it is a budget option. Oak or larch is less commonly used – high-quality, but quite expensive wood.
To begin with, they clear the site and remove the grass from the area where the structure will be placed. They mark the approach and mark the future structure. Then the foundation is installed. After a few days, you can start working with wood.
Construction of the foundation for the gazebo
When choosing a foundation, you need to take into account the nature of the soil in a given area:
- For rocky, sandy and other non-rocky soils, the depth of the foundation can be small, up to 0.5 m.A columnar foundation made of brick or concrete, as well as a tiled or monolithic base, is suitable.
- On clayey soil and quicksands, the base should be more global with deep support, therefore, preference is given to a pile or shallow strip foundation.
Assembling a gazebo from a bar
The whole process of assembling the gazebo takes place in several stages.
Installation of the lower trim
The harness is the basis of the entire wooden structure. It is laid and fixed to each other in the form of a future gazebo. Waterproofing is pre-laid on the foundation and the tree is fixed with anchor bolts. Naturally, the first crown, like all other elements, is set strictly in level. The type of corner bunch can be any, more often they use the option of a joint in half a tree or a joint “in a paw”.
Installation of pillars
The posts are installed inside the corner of the strapping or from above at the corner. The timber is attached to the lower strapping with corners or bolts. Additional fastening to the harness is possible using spacers installed at an angle of 45 ° on both sides of the post.
Installation of cross-bars
Lintels are placed to increase the rigidity of the structure at a height of 80 to 110 cm from the floor, as well as to create a fence, the options for which there are many.
Installation of the upper trim
The bars of the upper knot are tied together with corners, they are attached to the racks from above or from the side. Sometimes there are structures with double strapping (both the first and the second way of arrangement).
Installation of the roof frame and roofing material decking
The shape of the roof often depends on the configuration of the structure, it happens:
- Other options (six-slope and curly roofs in one or more tiers).
Another question: how to cover the roof of the gazebo. If it is planned to place a stove or barbecue inside, then it must be a refractory material, while it is not recommended to use metal tiles or profiled sheets, because in hot weather the roof will heat up, and there will be a lot of noise in the rain. The best option is a flexible and light soft roof; bitumen slate is in second place in popularity. Budget gazebos are covered with a profiled sheet or roofing material.
Regardless of the chosen roofing material and the shape of the roof, several rules must be followed:
- Installed rafters must have a slope and extend beyond the top harness by at least 50 cm.
- The step of the lathing must correspond to the selected material.
- The roofing material can be attached directly to the rafters or on pre-laid sheets of moisture-resistant plywood, attached to the frame with self-tapping screws.
- Roof waterproofing is an important construction step.
There are three fundamentally different options here:
- Concrete floor with or without coating.
- Wood flooring.
- Paving slabs.
The concrete floor is reliable, practical and durable. The screed is usually poured inside the strip foundation or made in the form of a screed over the ground. Such a basis provides for the possibility of further coverage:
- Ceramic tiles.
- Porcelain stoneware.
- Artificial grass and other synthetic materials.
They always make the room more comfortable and colorful, perfect for a gazebo made of timber. There are several types of wood flooring, all of which are laid on a wooden crate:
- Plain board.
- Terrace (deck) board.
- Garden parquet.
Usually this option is chosen when the gazebo floor is part of a tiled courtyard. It should be noted that in winter the tiles become rather slippery, and if laid incorrectly, they end up with an uneven fit. Paving slabs should be laid strictly according to the technology on a compacted cushion of sand and gravel.
On a note! At the end of the installation work, to improve the appearance and protection, the lumber is treated with moisture-repellent agents with fire and bioprotection, wood oil or paint.
Without a doubt, a gazebo made of timber on the site is an excellent option, but it is worth considering that its construction is quite troublesome and time-consuming task, which, in addition to enthusiasm, will require competent preparation, certain knowledge and skills.