Landscaping is, of course, also important, but before proceeding with the breakdown of the garden, you should decide where the main object will be on your site – a residential house or summer cottage.
Important! Do not think that the choice of a place for a house on the site is exclusively your prerogative as owners. But no, because there are current rules and regulations for the location of residential and utility buildings. In particular, a residential building cannot be located closer than five meters from the street and three meters from the passage. There should also be at least three meters to the fence or just the border with neighbors. However, you can negotiate with neighbors, however, this agreement should be notarized.
At the first stage, these strict norms will have to proceed, because otherwise problems with regulatory authorities may arise. And the rules themselves were invented for a reason – why do you need a house located too close to the road?.
“A plan, we need a plan” is the first thing a site owner has to say when planning a future construction. Moreover, experts advise to stock up not only with an accurate master plan of the land plot itself, but of the entire village! It is very important for you to know how and where the communications go in order to minimize all the costs of laying them to the future home..
A few more very important points that will help you find out the plans of the village and the site:
- orientation to the cardinal points. You don’t want all the windows in the house to face north, do you? This parameter will have an extremely important effect on the amount of natural light in your home. The bedroom windows are clearly to the east – and the sun will wake you up at 4 in the morning in the summer – consider such moments.
- general terrain slope.
- the presence of hills and lowlands where water can accumulate.
- the presence of large trees that you want to save.
Experts strongly advise, before planning the construction of a house, to order engineering and geological surveys and create a geodetic plan of the site. Experts will help determine the level of groundwater, soil condition, choose the best option for laying the foundation, resolve the issue with the construction site.
Important! What all experts agree on is that if the terrain is uneven on the site, then the house is best built at the highest point. So the view from the windows will be better, and there is less danger from the high ground level, flooding of the basement.
However, other architects believe that it is possible to build a house at the base of the slope, but in this case, an effective drainage system is required that can protect the building during rains..
According to feng shui, the best site for building a house is considered to be a slope on the south side, which smoothly flows into the flat area. It is clear that it is quite difficult to find such an ideal piece of land. And yet, the main rules – the maximum windows of the house and the front door on the sunny side, as well as the building on a hill – should be adhered to.
Another significant point is the wind rose in your area. To compose a wind rose yourself, you will have to observe the weather for at least a month, recording data daily. You can talk to your neighbors permanently living in the area to find out which wind prevails, for example, in spring, get help from your local Hydrometeorological Center. This indicator is important for planning the location of windows and doors, which should not be placed on the side of the dominant air masses..
It is important when planning the location of the house to take into account the presence of a vehicle entrance to the garage, as well as a passage to the rear of the yard. In the USA and other Western countries, a clear division is adopted – the front yard is small, just with a lawn and flower beds, and the back one is hidden behind the house, equipped for outdoor recreation.
If in the future the site is planned to be actively used for gardening and horticulture, it is advisable to place the house in one of the corners so that the site for planting is as large as possible. Otherwise, you should be guided by practical tasks, such as the proximity of communications, aesthetics of the environment and ensuring future comfortable living..
If you decide to do everything yourself, the easiest way is to take a site plan and first draw “red lines” on it – five meters from the road, three meters from neighboring sites. You will have a zone in which construction is permitted by the regulations. You can use special programs for the design of the future home and landscape design in order to see in a 3D projection what may ultimately turn out.