The simple technology of building houses from bags of earth and other fillers is much more widespread in warm countries, in particular, in Thailand. Locals note that the walls of the house are thick and strong enough to withstand tropical storms. This is also facilitated by the dome shape, which is often found in such houses..
Building a house from bags of earth and other materials includes the following steps:
1. Preparation of the site – you need to remove the top layer of earth and pour a cushion of gravel – about 30 centimeters high. Do not forget to mark the walls and the center of the future building.
2. The gravel bags will serve as the foundation. They must rise to a height of at least two to three layers to be above high humidity levels..
Important! It is advisable to sew the ends of the bags, and use barbed wire as a retainer, which is laid between the layers.
3. The threshold is concreted or laid out of stone, brick, any durable material. A doorway is installed with temporary struts that will not allow it to budge during the continuation of construction.
4. The door frame should be attached to the filling bags. Convenient to use a wide perforated angle bracket.
5. Next are bags of earth or clay, which are also sewn together and connected with barbed wire.
Important! For construction, you should take not the upper soil, but the lower layers of the earth, which contain clay.
6. If the house is round in shape, a peg installed exactly in the center will allow you to observe the geometric shape. A rope is tied to it, corresponding in length to the diameter of the structure.
7. Each layer of bags with filler must be compacted so that the walls are more durable, without cracks.
8. Window openings are installed according to the same principle as door openings – with temporary spacers and fastening to layers of bags.
9. For reliability, over the door and window openings, which are desirable to be located at the same upper level, you can make a reinforcing belt – pour concrete, using well-bending plywood as a formwork (if the house is round). For a square or rectangular structure, the formwork can be any.
10. For the arrangement of the roof, wooden beams, logs are used, and the roof itself can be made of any materials. If you want to continue the theme of sustainable building, you can use, for example, straw or reeds.
11. The longest stage is the plastering of the house from bags. You cannot leave the walls unprotected – the bags will break over time and the filler will spill out. First, the joints between the layers of the bags are sealed with cement mortar, then the walls are leveled, it will be necessary to apply several layers.
12. The floor is usually simply poured with concrete, the walls are also plastered from the inside, most often clay is used. Before plastering, do not forget about laying the wiring – you will definitely need electricity even in the case of building a barn.
Otherwise, the decoration of the house from bags of earth or clay can be any, depending on what goals you pursue, what the building will be used for.
You can build and decorate a house from bags with filler in just a month or two, and on your own, no special skills are required. Although the process is quite time consuming and helpers will not interfere. At the same time, the costs will be minimal – the main building material is literally under your feet.