Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

Don’t think that prefabricated buildings are a modern invention. In fact, even in the “Song of Roland”, written at the end of the 9th-10th centuries, it is described that the count managed to build a fortress in just one night, thanks to the fact that all the wooden blocks were prepared and processed in advance. However, then such technologies were not widely used..

In the 19th century, the first prototypes of modern prefabricated buildings began to appear. The famous carpenter H. Manning from London, who invented houses for British settlers in Australia. Parts of the buildings were made in the UK and sent by ships to Australia to be simply assembled on site..

Prefabricated buildings became widespread in the United States, where representatives of the middle class who dreamed of their own homes became interested in them. As a result, the term prefabricated houses appeared, prefab houses, which became the answer to the growing demand for residential real estate..

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

We admit that so far in Russia the prefabricated houses technology has not become as widespread as in Europe or the USA. This is due to the imperfection of legislation in this area, the lack of clear regulations and a somewhat biased attitude on the part of customers who consider such buildings not suitable for permanent residence..

The technology of manufacturing prefab houses implies that most of the most time-consuming operations are transferred to production, to an industrial workshop. The foundation, foundation is being erected directly at the construction site, and the parts are being assembled..

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

Prefab homes are not necessarily modular, although this is a common option. These structures can be assembled from ready-made frame parts or wall panels from various materials. For example, solid wood blocks can be used for construction. In production, a sealed panel is made, already with soundproofing and insulation, as well as leads for engineering communications. At the factory, windows can be inserted into such a wall panel in advance, but in this case, you will have to especially carefully monitor the safety of parts during transportation.

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

Prefab houses are usually small, designed for one family, one floor. That is why, perhaps, many consider this construction option to be a temporary or guest house, suitable only for a summer residence in a picturesque place. Although, with the development of technology, prefab buildings become more and more complex in design.

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

One of the hallmarks of modern prefabricated houses is the unusual architecture. Most of the prefabs today are designed with the characteristics of minimalism, futurism, modernism and postmodernism. Such houses look original and very modern..

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

In addition, the distinctive features of prefab buildings include a focus on ensuring home autonomy and environmental friendliness..

According to experts, in the case of prefabricated houses, it is very important to select a suitable land plot, to provide a convenient site where sometimes rather large modules can be transported. However, a beautiful view and a convenient approach are no less important with traditional construction technology..

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

As for the time frame, the production of prefabs at the plant usually takes two to three months. Plus time for transportation, site preparation, laying of communications, assembly. Some modules can be assembled in just a day, while others will take at least a month. In general, the process, of course, is faster than building a brick house from scratch on a solid foundation..

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

In addition to transportation, problems with prefabs can arise from glazing. Windows in buildings with such unusual architecture must be custom-made and often the wait for them drags out the assembly process. Moreover, it cannot be said that prefab houses are always cheaper than conventional ones. It all depends on the area, the complexity of the design, the materials used.

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

Prefabricated homes: a special direction in housing construction

Experts believe that prefab houses allow future owners to get a full-fledged home, created according to a professional design project in an industrial setting. Factory assembly assumes that all parts will be made with the highest quality, by professionals in their field. However, you should be very careful about the choice of the manufacturer itself, learn about its reputation, read reviews. Self-respecting prefab manufacturers often transport modules and panels to the assembly site themselves..

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