Garden benches are the most popular small architectural forms. They can be made of any size and design, but besides their direct purpose, benches also perform a decorative function. You can make a garden bench for yourself with your own hands using our drawings and photographs.
How to make a bench from waste materials
The easiest way to make a bench is made of wood. It is a traditional material for garden furniture, affordable and easy to process. But in this case, you can save money by choosing as the main material the one that literally lies under your feet.
The first option is trees, poles and stumps from your own site or a nearby forest plantation in which sanitary felling is carried out.
After carefully cutting off a couple of medium-sized stumps, you can put them on the base of the bench. Make the lower crossbar from the poles for structural rigidity. And for sitting, dissolve part of the trunk on a circular. If there is no equipment for longitudinal sawing, then you can take an unedged board with a thickness of 75 mm.
In this example, the bench is already more comfortable – in addition to the seat, it also has a backrest. The model is a little more complicated, since you will have to find a higher part of the trunk and process it in two steps – first, make a profile cut with a “ledge”, and then dissolve the workpiece into two halves.
And to assemble the next bench, you will need:
- two short logs of the same diameter for the base;
- two medium-thick poles for back support;
- one long log, sawn in two halves (for seat and back).
In short logs, you need to choose a groove so that a long log fits into it. Then the seat is fixed in the grooves, and each pole is fixed at two points – to the base and the seat. For fastening, it is better to choose powerful self-tapping bolts for wood.
Another budget material for a country bench is pallets (wooden pallets). But not every pallet is suitable for making garden furniture. Ideally, you need a so-called euro pallet from a good edged board, which can be recognized by the EUR marking.
In principle, the standard width of the euro pallet is somewhat large for a seat – 80 cm. You can shorten it to 67 cm by cutting it along the contour of the central bar. But you don’t have to. Here are some examples of simple designs with different base and seat options:
1. Bench of four pallets, uncut in width. Three serve as the base, and the fourth serves as a back. At the pallet for the backrest, you will have to remove part of the support bars, and ensure the rigidity of the bench using wooden slats.
2. In this case, four pallets are also used, but already cut. To fix the back, three ropes are used, braided obliquely, and for decoration – wallpaper nails.
3. This bench is made of just two pallets. One whole, and the second cut and, as it were, bent at an angle – it serves both as a seat and a back. The design is good for its mobility – there are small wheels as legs.
Perhaps the only inconvenience of using euro pallets as a source material is the standard dimensions of 80×120 cm. They, to some extent, limit the possibilities for creativity. The use of ordinary lumber (boards, bars and beams) allows you to make a bench for a summer residence for every taste.
Board and bar
It should be said right away that any drawing of a bench can be adjusted for specific conditions. The only limitation is that the thickness of the board and the cross-section of the bar are sufficient to fulfill the bearing properties.
Below is a drawing of a bench, which is made of only three “paired” elements:
- seat and back;
- short support (hind leg) made of a trapezoid board;
- long support (front leg).
1 – front leg; 2 – back leg; 3 – seat; 4 – back; 5 is a front view; 6 – side view
The result is a stable structure with a triangle at the base and two transverse stiffeners.
This is how this bench looks “live”.
In this drawing, the bench is in a more complex design. To make it, you need a 40×140 mm board (supports, back and seat), a 40×70 mm bar (short bundles of supports) and a 20 mm board (long bundle between the sides).
And this is the same construction, but using a board and a bar 75 mm thick. Small differences in the base and fastening of the ligaments are not fundamental.
In principle, there is only one condition – the boards in the seat are fixed with a small gap, sufficient to compensate for the expansion of the tree at high humidity.
Wooden benches in a “large format” look original.
For example, here is such a “thick” unedged board across the entire width of the log. Coated with a transparent varnish, it conveys the natural beauty of wood with all color transitions.
From a rounded log, you can build not only a summer cottage or a bathhouse, but also such a garden bench.
And from a bar you can assemble an original chair that can serve not only under a canopy, but also outdoors – removable pillows can be easily brought into the house in bad weather.
Stone and wood
Stone, like wood, also organically fits into the landscape of the suburban area. Of course, a flat slab practically does not occur in nature, but sawn stone can be used.
The next option is easier to execute – the bench is made of small blocks of wild stone. And since such a surface is not only cold, but also uneven, it is no longer possible to do without pillows..
Pillows add comfort, but they have to be carried in and out all the time. That is why wood is used for seating in garden benches, regardless of the base material. This is how such an original bench, at the base of which a gabion is used (a mesh cage filled with stone, rubble or pebbles).
Concrete is no less popular for making the base of a bench. But it is difficult to make a shape for pouring a complex shape at a time, but a small formwork is simple. And even a “cold seam” when poured in two steps will not affect the strength of the structure (such as in this photo).
Another option for artificial stone is hollow concrete building blocks. It is enough to fasten them together with good masonry glue, and lay a bar in the cavity, and the bench is ready.
Metal and wood
The simplest design benches on a metal frame use a square profile.
You can weld two sidewalls from a profile pipe in the form of the letter “H”, and a wooden seat from the array will also serve as a “stiffener”.
In the following example, solid wood is also used as a stiffener, but the supports are in the form of a square with a cross member for fixing the seat.
And this is the simplest self-supporting structure of a square profile, in which the strength and rigidity of the welded base is sufficient to make a seat from a wooden block.
The following photo shows a factory-made bench.
But if there is a pipe bender in the home workshop (and it is not difficult to make it with your own hands), then it is easy to bend two types of arches and a “wave” from a round pipe. Then the metal blanks must be welded, plastic plugs must be placed on the legs (sold for any profile and pipe size) and the bars must be fixed on the “wave”.