In this article, Our site of advice will tell you about hillers – assistants to all summer residents and land owners who grow potatoes and other vegetables. Together we will figure out what hillers are, how to use them effectively on the farm, and also do it yourself.
Initially, the hillers were used exclusively for hilling potatoes. But then enterprising site owners adapted them for other types of work:
- digging beds;
- loosening the soil;
- creating grooves for planting seedlings;
- weed control.
Hillers improve yields and reduce labor costs for processing and caring for crops planted in rows, and there are always many of them on the plots.
All hillers are divided into two types:
- Lister, they are eared and arrow-shaped. They look like an elongated triangle, the sharp nose of which effectively bursts into the ground, and the wings, the grip of which reaches 35 centimeters, pour soil under the plants;
- Disk. Their efficiency is higher, you can work where the beds are close to each other, the soil under the plants is poured high.
According to experienced summer residents, having worked with a disc hiller, I do not want to return to the lister one. The disadvantage of this shape is that wet ground quickly sticks to the wings, you have to often stop work and clean the tool.
Disc hillers are traditionally paired, one disc simply cannot effectively huddle the beds. But lister can be the simplest – single-row, piece. They are suitable for manual processing of small areas.
The simplest hillers are hand-held, swept-single-row or two-disc. Such hillers do not have the ability to adjust the width of the soil, so the owners have to adapt and plant rows of vegetables exactly to the size of their tool. There are manual hillers with which you can work alone, there are those requiring the help of a second person. It looks like this – one pulls the handle of the plow, the second presses from the back, ensuring the necessary deepening of the hiller into the soil.
Lister and disc hillers, in which the working parts can be moved along the base mount, by adjusting the working width, are much more convenient and effective. In this case, owners will be able to adapt the tool to work on row spacings of different widths. This is important for hillers with two, three and four working parts. They process several rows of plants at once, speeding up the hilling process.
In addition, modern lister hillers have the ability to change the width of the wings by adjusting the grip. And the most advanced Dutch hillers allow you to adjust the wings not only in width, but also in height. As a result, the bottom edge follows the contour of the ridge, the tool can be adapted to different types of soil for more efficient work.
As the portal already wrote, most often the hillers act as useful and convenient attachments for motoblocks. Therefore, when choosing a device for cultivating the land, you need to focus on the characteristics of your equipment – the attachment of the hiller should fit the walk-behind tractor and meet its characteristics.
Important! Experienced site owners advise using the hiller simultaneously with the lugs so that the working part is constantly in the ground.
We state: for owners of six acres, a manual hiller, a single-row lister or two discs, will be quite enough. For more spacious areas with numerous rows of potatoes, you should choose a mounted hiller for a walk-behind tractor, two- or even three-row.
As for prices, they will be very different – from 500 rubles for the simplest manual swept hiller to 15 thousand for three-row models with the ability to adjust the width of the soil. Popular hillers from manufacturers Bomet, Patriot, Centaur, Wirax, Forza, Mobile K.