When redeveloping an apartment, the first place is the question of the construction of new partitions. The most optimal option here is a lung device plasterboard partitions. The basis of such a partition is a frame made of a metal profile or a wooden beam, which is sheathed with gypsum plasterboard sheets (GKL). The space between the gypsum board is filled with sound-absorbing material.
By its design, the wooden frame consists of an upper and lower strapping, between which vertical posts are mounted. Transverse bars are placed between the posts, which give the frame additional rigidity. They are placed either on the same level or in steps (for example, for attaching paintings, lamps, etc.). The door block is positioned flush with the inner or outer surfaces of the structure. If the room does not have a window, then an additional window arranged in the partition or above the door will make the room brighter.
It is advisable to carry out the work as follows. First, the premises are measured and marked. Careful planning and accurate measurement of the premises largely determines the success of all work. The partition can be mounted “in place” or “on the floor”.
Manufacturing the frame of the partition “in place” is preferable in cases where the room has slanting walls, if you need to make the partition corner, if there is not enough space for preliminary assembly of the frame on the floor.
Reconciliation of structural details, checking of angles, clarification of some dimensions must be carried out constantly during the installation of the partition. This is the only way to accurately and accurately fit the parts and frame units to each other..
First, a bar of the lower strapping is attached to the floor, which should adjoin the plinth. If the design of the partition is angular, install racks adjacent to the walls. After that, the distance to the future corner of the structure is measured to determine the length of the bars of the lower strapping. Using a plumb line, mark the location of the corner and measure the length of the bars of the upper harness. Both straps are connected by a corner post, which consists of three bars, held together by honey.
Measuring the dimensions of future frame elements is an important component in the manufacture of the frame. Each post is measured and adjusted individually. The racks prepared in this way are attached to the bars of the lower and upper strapping.
Using a plumb line or level, the vertical position of the racks is finally checked. So that the racks do not stagger when fastening, they are temporarily fixed at the top and bottom with clamps. At the last stage of manufacturing the frame, crossbars are installed between the posts, as well as vertical bars under the openings.
When installing the partition frame “on the floor”, you will first need to assemble the frame on the floor, and then put it vertically in its place. This can be much easier and faster than assembling the structure “in place”. But it should be borne in mind that this method of installing a partition is possible only if there is adequate space. The similarity of these two methods is only in the fact that in either case, both need to first fix the racks adjacent to the walls. In the future, the paths of installation diverge. The ability to approach the frame from any side allows you to quickly assemble it. All butt joints are made on screws 70 mm long, wrapped obliquely. Moreover, they must be mutually displaced. The frame assembled on the floor is raised, set strictly vertically in level, and wedged at the offspring. The height of the frame with this method should be slightly less than the height of the room, otherwise it will jam when the structure is installed in a vertical position. At the place of installation of the door, the partition is reinforced with two vertical bars and a lintel. The transverse bars are also attached to the posts with long screws, screwing them obliquely. It must be borne in mind that the more accurately the bars are cut from the end (that is, strictly at an angle of 90 °), the stronger the connections will be. Cut lines must be marked with a square on all four sides. The transitions between the parts to be connected should not have ledges, otherwise the drywall sheets in these places may crack. In the process of assembling the frame, the racks are first made on the floor, to which the transverse bars are subsequently adjusted.
When sheathing partitions with plasterboard sheets, they can be attached to the frame vertically, horizontally or in a mixed way. Various levers are usually used to set the plasterboard in the desired position. The sheets should be lifted with this method carefully so as not to damage their lower edges. The verticality of the installation is checked using a level. It is quite difficult to work with drywall alone – it is better when there is an assistant. The plasterboard sheets should adjoin the ceiling with their upper edge. The gap formed at the bottom is usually covered by a baseboard.
Plasterboard sheets– the ideal base for painting or wallpaper. Regular drywall, before final finishing, must be carefully primed, but there are also sheets that do not require a preliminary primer.
The joints between the slabs need to be sealed. For this, putty is used. Before the start of sealing, the joints are glued with reinforcing tape. The transition between the plates should be smooth, therefore, after the putty has dried, the putty places are carefully sanded using sandpaper or mesh.