Ceramic tiles in home design

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In this article: three components of ceramic color; warm, cold and neutral colors; building the color palette of the interior; compatible and incongruous tile colors; expanding the space with ceramic cladding; connection between color and mood; illumination and color of ceramic tiles.

Ceramic tiles in home design

Consider an ordinary situation – after major or minor repairs have been carried out, the owners enter the newly renovated rooms and … notice that the ceramic tiles, which looked so wonderful in the salon, on the kitchen wall look quite unattractive. And the point here is not at all in the quality of the tiles or in the incorrectly executed cladding – the appearance of the ceramic-finished surfaces is determined by the tonality and shades of the tile color, the combination of colors in the interior of the room and a number of other factors. We invite you to research these decorative features of ceramics before you go to shop in a salon or online store of ceramic tiles..

Features of the color of ceramic tiles

It is difficult to overestimate the role of the color scheme in the cladding of premises – it is one thing if these are halls of a massively visited building, and quite another if these are living rooms in which households have to be constantly. Color can not only make a room beautiful, but also visually change it – transform a small room into a large one, reduce the area of ​​a large room, turn a low ceiling into a high one and, conversely, bring it closer to the floor, and much more..

When evaluating the color of a particular ceramic tile, it is necessary to perceive it according to three parameters – tonality, hue and saturation. The first parameter means the advantage of a dark or light tone in a given color. The hue distinguishes one color from another close to it, and depends on the coloring components that form the colors – for example, there is less blue component in red than in raspberry. Colors of the same shade can have different saturations, that is, one color looks more faded than the other. The degree of color saturation of ceramic tiles also depends on the area of ​​the cladding – the larger it is, the more saturated the color looks.

Ceramic tiles in home design

According to visual perception, colors are divided into warm and cold – this characteristic refers to subjective, that is, causing a person’s emotional reaction to one or another color. Saturated red, orange and yellow colors belong to the warm group, as they resemble open fire flames, and purple, blue and light blue – to cold ones, because they are similar to the colors of water and ice. However, not everything is so simple – recognized as warm colors, reds and yellows can turn out to be cold, if they are given, for example, raspberry and lemon shades. Warm colors can bring the painted surface closer to the observer, especially if its surroundings are made in neutral (beige or gray) or cold colors. At the same time, facing with cold-colored ceramic tiles gives the viewer the impression of being remotely remote.

The color palette of the interior is selected before the start of the cladding work. To determine the most successful color combination in a room, it is necessary to draw up a tonal panel for it – a cardboard rectangle on which samples of finishing materials are attached, both wall (paint and wallpaper) and upholstery (furniture upholstery). When drawing up a tonal panel, each sample should have approximately the same size in relation to the area of ​​the cardboard, which it occupies on the scale of the room, for the same reasons, its position on the palette is determined. Correctly composed tonal panel will allow avoiding design miscalculations, distinguishable only after finishing work.

As a rule, the color palette of an interior is built either on contrasts or on a combination of shades of the same color. The contrast palette is dynamic and interesting, the tint palette is much easier to build. For example, Spanish-made Fanal tiles have a wide palette of colors within the range, there is plenty to choose from. However, try to avoid an overly saturated or faded color combination within the same room, and also – immediately give up acid colors, suitable only for nightclubs, but not for home decoration..

Color combinations in the general interior

Consider how the colors work together. We note right away – only ceramic tiles in white and gray look equally good with any other colors, and in relation to some of its other colors, you need to adhere to the following color combinations:

  1. Black goes well with bright colors – white, yellow, orange and red.
  2. Violet is effective in a frame of green with a yellow tint.
  3. Dark blue looks good on a yellow background.
  4. Blue is combined with white and sand, so these colors are often present in the interior of the kitchen..
  5. Blue with a gray tint – with a creamy yellow.
  6. Red with yellow-gold.
  7. Bright green – with bright yellow.

Ceramic tiles in home design

The combination of red and green colors, especially if their proportions in interior design are the same or close, is not recommended to use.

The combination of red and green tiles in the interior

It is allowed to use tiles of several colors in the interior of one room without violating the artistic balance, if the following rules are observed:

  • dark bottom combined with a light top, separated by a border (classic scheme);
  • cladding with regular or random alternation of three to four multi-colored tiles;
  • checkerboard facing with tiles in two different colors;
  • zoning (delimitation) of space using multi-colored tiles.

Ceramic tiles in home design

Zoning with colored tiles or decorative inserts allows you to highlight functional areas within the same room, for example, the boundaries of the area around the sink or shower. This technique is used for tiling large and medium-sized rooms with ceramic tiles..

Transforming the size of the room using color

Colors not only create a mood, but also change the size of a room. Investigating what colors and how exactly change the visual perception of space.

Ceramic cladding in white expands the boundaries of the space, therefore it is especially suitable for small spaces. Extremely light and extremely dark (black, violet and dark blue) colors act in the same way. It is not worth covering large areas with purple tiles of a saturated shade; it would be correct to use less saturated shades of purple.

Ceramic tiles in home design

Intense vibrant colors visually reduce the size of a room and absorb large amounts of light, dimming it and creating a cozy, intimate atmosphere. Pastel colors, on the other hand, expand the boundaries of space, filling it with light..

The effect of convergence of planes in a room is created using warm colors and their dark shades, cold colors in light tones move the space apart, increasing the distance between the surfaces bounding it.

If it is necessary to maintain the proportions of the room, then the same color is used in its interior. In a small room, the combination of a floor tiled with dark ceramic tiles and walls of any, even the lightest shade, will cause the viewer to have the illusion of a cramped and gloomy space. At the same time, the reverse combination – light floor and dark walls – will revive a small room..

The dark lining of the ceiling in conjunction with the light walls will bring the ceiling closer to the floor, but if everything is the other way around – dark walls and a light ceiling – the distance between the floor and the ceiling will increase. The use of a color scheme, which includes a dark ceiling and the upper part of the walls, made in dark colors, will bring the plane of the ceiling closer and push the walls apart.

Ceramic cladding of light shades of one wall in combination with the dark cladding of other walls will move the lighter plane away from the dark planes adjacent to it – the room seems to stretch towards the light wall. Accordingly, the reverse color combination will bring only one wall closer and move the rest – this scheme is applicable in elongated rooms with disturbed proportions. In this regard, Spanish tiles Porcelanosa offer interesting solutions for the visual change of rooms..

The dependence of mood on the color palette of ceramics

Emotional uplift is caused by bright colors of warm tones, shades of pastel colors pacify, form a dreamy mood – therefore pastel colors are typical for the interior of bedrooms. Earthy colors – terracotta, rust, ocher and red-brown paints – are difficult to perceive, but they can be combined with ceramics painted in gray, green or olive colors in combination with a rough surface texture, which will create a unique atmosphere of comfort.

White and shades close to it create an emotionally restrained atmosphere. If white color prevails in the interior of the room, then it is important to pay special attention to the texture and shape of the finishing materials used in its decoration.

Ceramic tiles in home design

Red color can cause high blood pressure in the human body, speed up its heartbeat, so this color should be used with caution. Better to choose shades of red – terracotta, orange-red, violet-red, etc..

Ceramic tiles in home design

The abundance of orange in the interior at first pleases, but after a while it begins to annoy the household. Dark orange and light orange colors are quite appropriate, with its help, a relaxing atmosphere is created. Therefore, in the bathroom and in the kitchen, it is quite possible to use ceramic tiles of yellow shades – any, except for lemon yellow.

Yellow tiles in the bathroom

Tiles of blue color, despite the external similarity of color with water, are not an entirely suitable solution for cladding a bathroom – a cold blue color will cause a feeling of a lower temperature in the room than it actually is. Blue and blue colors in the interior of the kitchen are suitable only for people seeking to lose weight – the blue color, prevailing in the cladding of walls and floors, causes a decrease in appetite.

Ceramic tiles in home design

Dark green color makes the interior austere, light green, on the contrary, creates an aura of lightness and fun – dark and light shades of green are perceived by humans as natural. If you intend to decorate your kitchen in a country style, then tiling with green ceramic tiles is more than.

Green tiles in the interior of the kitchen

The colors of the tiles, appropriate for almost any interior style and room, are beige (light brown). The beige color is neutral to most other colors, which simplifies design tasks – in this regard, a wide variety of interior solutions in pastel colors is provided by Peronda tiles of the same name..

Floor beige tiles

Lighting and color of ceramic tiles

When choosing a color for ceramic cladding, it is important to take into account the lighting parameters in a given room, namely, to determine the main source. Under the rays of the rising, zenith and setting sun, the same color will look different.

The sun’s rays consist of a full color spectrum, however, depending on the location of the sun in the sky, the colors of a certain spectrum prevail in them – at sunrise it is red, at sunset it is blue, and only at noon the colors of the sun’s rays are neutral, that is, they do not change when illuminated facing color.

Terracotta tiles in natural light

Artificial lighting also makes adjustments to interior paints. Under the light of incandescent lamps, the yellow color intensifies, halogen lamps “whiten” the room, fluorescent lamps “paint” the room blue. Yellow light creates a cozy atmosphere and goes well with color in pastel colors, but the intensity of the colors of the yellow spectrum for incandescent and fluorescent lamps is somewhat different – in the first case, the light will be bright yellow, in the second case, it will be dominated by dark yellow. White light of halogen lamps and blue fluorescent lamps is successfully combined with bright colors, while muted (pastel) colors under this lighting fade, become faded.

Bathroom lighting

Surfaces lined with ceramics in dark tones need intense lighting, natural and artificial – with a lack of light, a room with such a facing will take on a gloomy look. Among dark colors, blue is highly sensitive to the quality of illumination, the dark shades of which look good only under artificial lighting and completely lose their saturation in insufficient natural light. The worst interior solution would be dark brown ceramic tiles, both glazed and without a layer of glaze – their surface reflects the minimum number of light rays, therefore, even with high-intensity lighting, dark brown cladding looks inconspicuous.

Dark tiles in the bathroom

Finally, we add that if there is a right angle between surfaces tiled with completely identical tiles, their appearance will not be the same, since the rays of light fall on them at different angles. Please note that it is almost impossible to achieve 100% the same color for ceramic tiles placed on horizontal and vertical surfaces in the same room, as well as under the same lighting conditions. Only with the help of LED lamps can you get relatively uniform colors, however, this solution is not ideal either..

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