You decided to change the flooring in your apartment, and your choice was linoleum. Yes, this is really the right decision. Modern types of linoleum they are very resistant to all types of influences, from mechanical to thermal, so the service life of such a floor will be much longer if you preferred other types of flooring.
We start laying linoleum with the preparation of the base. Linoleum can be laid on almost any substrate, provided it is flat. Consider two types of base on which linoleum is laid.
If you had ordinary wooden floors before the repair, then the following work must be done before laying the linoleum. All boards must be secured. It is unacceptable for the boards to stagger, this can lead to deformation of the linoleum, followed by its rupture. Next, you need to hammer in all the nails. The spacer between the wood floor and linoleum is usually thin plywood or thick cardboard. Linoleum can be laid on such a base. However, the most common base is a concrete floor. Such a base contributes to a longer service life of linoleum. To prepare the concrete base, it is necessary to perform such work. Using the level, you need to determine how flat your floor is and whether it has slopes. If there are more than 20% irregularities, it is necessary to make a floor screed. The screed is performed with a cement-sand mortar. The height of the screed should not exceed five centimeters. A layer of self-leveling mixture is applied on top of the screed, no more than two centimeters thick. Particular attention should be paid to the joints between the floor and the wall. In these places, the floor and walls should be flat and the angle should be ninety degrees. This completes the process of preparing the base. The result is a smooth and even base..
Now you can start laying linoleum. Of great importance when laying linoleum is the conditions under which linoleum is laid. The ideal conditions are the air temperature not lower than eighteen degrees Celsius, the air humidity should be no higher than sixty percent. These conditions must be maintained forty-eight hours before and after the installation of the linoleum. Your next steps, you need to mark and cut the linoleum to the size of the room. We draw your attention to the removal of all sizes in the room. Taking the dimensions of a room along one wall is a mistake. It is not uncommon for the wall to be 2-5 cm longer than the opposite one, and this can lead to the fact that the linoleum sheet will not fit in size and will be damaged. Also, if you are laying more than one stripe while marking, make sure that the pattern between the stripes matches. When the strips or one sheet is cut and ready for laying, it is necessary to give them time to mature for at least forty-eight hours. After this event, the linoleum will even out, the bends and irregularities will be smoothed out, which will facilitate the gluing process.
The next step when laying linoleum is the final preparation of the base. This process is best done with a vacuum cleaner. Vacuuming the base several times will remove foreign objects, small stones, dust, etc. Such a thorough cleaning will only have a positive effect on the life of the linoleum. Now you can start gluing linoleum. In shops that specialize in the construction assortment, you will find a wide range of adhesives and mastics for gluing linoleum. Please note that if you have linoleum with insulation, then the glue should be for laying linoleum on a fleecy basis. Glue, when laying linoleum, is applied to the base. The thickness of the applied glue must be within the limits specified in the instructions for use of the glue, which is located on the can. Therefore, it is necessary to apply the adhesive to the substrate with a notched trowel. The height of the teeth should be the same as the layer of adhesive you need to apply. After applying the glue, lay the linoleum. For better gluing of linoleum, we roll it from the center to the edge along the entire length of the linoleum, than we achieve the removal of air between the linoleum and the base, and a more even distribution of the glue under the canvas.
Cold welding of seams
If you are laying more than one sheet, then after laying, until completely dry, the seam must be cold welded, which is used for household types of linoleum. When buying cold welding, remember that the color of the glue (cold welding) must match the color of the linoleum or be transparent. Cold welding is very simple. You fill the seam with glue and wait for it to dry completely.
This completes the process of laying linoleum, and you can start installing the skirting boards, and in the future, get great pleasure from your new floor..