When a person decides to install windows in his house, then a difficult choice appears before him. Today they are all made from various materials: plastic, aluminum, wood. In addition, their glazing can also be completely different, while all of its types have different functional and quality characteristics, purpose, manufacturing methods, cost.
Types of glass for windows
Float glass.They have an absolutely smooth surface and do not have the slightest distortion. This high-strength product will never have unevenness, therefore it has found application in the manufacture of display cases.
Sun protection glasses– the latest development. They are equipped with the thinnest reflective metal layer that does not let the sun’s heat into the room..
Laminated glass.These products have excellent properties such as safety and high strength. A special laminating film on impact allows the product not to crumble, since all fragments remain on it.
Reinforced glass.They are distinguished by their unusualness, because a metal mesh is laid inside them, which prevents the glass not only from crumbling, but also breaking. In addition, the product has increased fire resistance, as well as smoke and fire resistance..
Self-cleaning glasses.It is very easy to care for it, because titanium oxide is used in its manufacture. When ultraviolet rays hit this material, the decomposition of harmful organic substances begins..
Tinted glass.During production, it takes on a specific color: bronze, green, blue or gray. In addition to this, some parts of the spectrum are absorbed during production, which gives the product energy-saving properties..
Patterned glass– the most interesting products with attractive decorative treatment. They have no special properties, but they have different patterns applied using silicate glue or heating the glass mass.
Tempered glass.During the manufacturing process, they are processed when exposed to high temperatures, which gives the product increased mechanical strength. When broken, it shatters into small fragments, which are not as dangerous as large ones..
Triplex– glass, which includes several layers, which have resin or special film interlayers. When broken, its fragments remain on these layers and do not fly apart. Depending on the material chosen, they can have additional characteristics, for example, sound insulation, impact resistance, thermal insulation, etc..
How to glaze a window
When glazing typical windows, ordinary or polished glass with a thickness of 3–6 mm is usually used. They are selected depending on the frame: the larger it is, the thicker the glass.
When it is selected, it is necessary to place it on a flat surface and wipe the cutting area well. For this, only dry and clean products are suitable. The lines should be marked with a ruler and a permanent marker. After cutting, the product should be broken.
Experienced craftsmen do not use a ruler, but plunge directly into the folds of the frame. To do this, lay the frame horizontally and place the glass on it. One edge of it should line up with the hole in the frame (leave a gap of 2-3 mm). With the help of a glass cutter, a parallel edge is cut off, and the product is broken to the size of the opening. The glass is then slid to align with the three sides of the frame and trimmed on the fourth side..
Linseed oil and oil paint are applied to the binding, and the entire surface of the fold is covered with soft window putty or a special sealant. Then the glass is placed in the frame, pressed, and all holes are filled with sealant. Then it is attached to the frame with a glazing bead covered with linseed oil and paint. It is attached with small nails with a pitch of 25-30 cm. It remains only to remove the protruding sealant or putty.