- Choice of material and tool
- Preparing the walls
- Texture application
- Painting and varnishing of walls
Choice of material and tool
In order to make a decorative coating such as Caparol, the following materials will be needed: finishing acrylic putty with marble filler, polymer waterproofing primer, semi-matt pigmented wax, polyethylene 20 microns, pearlescent acrylic paint (gold), painting tape (50×50), 5 liter bucket. An acrylic filler must be used because it has a longer “lifespan” on the wall surface than dry fillers. Within 20 minutes, it can be corrected, tweaked and when it gets wet after drying it does not sour.
a tool for making decorative coating like Caparol
As for the tool, you will need a one-handed metal trowel or a decorative trowel, a metal spatula 80 size, a spatula 40×140, a cuvette (bath for painting), a brush 1.5 – 2 inches, a thread roller 150 size, a bath sponge (2 pcs.) Or coral, white cotton rags.
Preparing the walls
Before starting work, it is necessary to inspect the wall, it should be prepared as for painting without visible flaws (marks, bumps). Since the acrylic putty, after drying, repeats the texture of an uneven wall. The surface of the wall should be primed with a deep-penetrating latex primer. The primer must dry for at least one hour. It is necessary to view all the inner corners so that there are no slugs of putty and irregularities in them. All adjoining surfaces that have a final finish (wallpaper, painting, ceiling frieze) must be sealed with masking tape. When carrying out these works, the room must be free of dust.
The texture is applied to the walls from one adjacent corner to another. Do not finish in the middle of the wall and continue the next day. Before applying the acrylic putty on the walls, it must be thoroughly mixed in a bucket, as it can settle during transportation or storage. The putty must be a homogeneous viscous mass..
finishing acrylic putty
Using a size 80 metal spatula, we put the putty on the trowel, and with the trowel we evenly apply the putty from the corner of the wall over the entire surface. The applied layer thickness must be within 2 mm.
After the putty is evenly applied to the entire wall, it is necessary to take polyethylene, the size of which should be larger than the plane of the wall with the putty applied. With the help of polyethylene, we will get the texture on the wall surface. To do this, starting from the corner, we fix the film, as if gluing it to the putty. In this case, the film should not be smoothed, but wrinkled. The more folds the better.
The film is applied by two workers, one settles it on the wall, and the other holds the free edge so that it does not randomly stick to the wall. After laying 1-1.5? walls, by scrolling the folds on the film, we apply the texture (drawing) to the surface.
applying texture by scrolling the folds
And thus we carry out the complete laying of the wall with polyethylene. In one day, you can decorate the walls that are not adjacent to each other, so as not to spoil the drawing of the inner or outer corners with a spatula. Applying the adjoining wall should only be carried out after complete drying..
full polyethylene installation on the wall
After applying the texture to the wall, you need to remove the masking tape adjacent to it. The masking tape is removed immediately after applying the putty. And if the tape is removed after the putty has dried, it will break off. After all the walls are applied and laid with polyethylene, 12-15 hours after the acrylic putty has completely dried, the film must be removed.
removal of polyethylene
Under the film, moisture from the putty evaporates more slowly, so in many places it may not dry out and be soft. If there are such places, then it is necessary to let the wall dry for another day, but without the film. The wall should dry naturally, in this case, when using heaters and fan heaters, this can lead to negative consequences on the texture (in the form of cracks).
After the wall is completely dry, a trowel or metal spatula is taken. The edge of the trowel removes all the break-off parts of the texture over the entire surface of the wall. Movements must be made boldly, since after complete drying, acrylic putty with marble filler is very durable. Therefore, we will not remove anything superfluous, everything that is removed in this way is superfluous. Now, with the help of a dry maklovitsa, we sweep the resulting dust from the surface of the wall. After that, masking tape is taken, and again we glue it in the places where it was.
Painting and varnishing of walls
Wall painting is performed as follows, for this you need pigmented (tinted) wax in the desired shade. It is necessary to add 20% of pure warm water from the volume of the wax to the wax and stir thoroughly until smooth. Wall wax can be applied in two ways: using a size 150 thread roller or a bath sponge.
waxing with a roller
When applied with a thread roller, a bath sponge is additionally used, it contributes to a more even grinding of the wax over the entire surface. With the help of a sponge, the wax is rubbed into the texture. With the second sponge, soaked in clean water, lightly move along the surface of the wall where the wax is applied. Instead of a bath sponge, you can use a coral sponge, it is softer, so when using it, the wax is applied or wiped off more evenly. The only negative is that it costs much more than a bath sponge, so professionals use it.
rubbing wax with a bath sponge
After that, a texture pattern should be visible on the surface. Rubbing the wax with a damp sponge until a uniform pattern is achieved on the surface. There should be no pronounced wax spots or putty spots on the wall. 10-15 minutes after applying wax to the entire surface of the wall, it must be lightly wiped with a damp white rag, after which the texture will be more pronounced. It is necessary to use a cotton white rag, as the colored sheds and leaves behind stains.
When wax is applied, dark buildup can usually form in inner corners. In order to remove them, you need to take a spatula 80 or 100 sizes and a white rag. A rag is applied to the spatula and dark spots are wiped with smooth movements.
The wax is applied, uniformity is achieved, after which the wall should dry for at least 4 hours. After that, water-based acrylic pearlescent paint can be applied.
To do this, the paint is diluted with water by 40% of its volume. After that, mother-of-pearl is evenly applied over the entire surface using a damp sponge..
decorative covering like Caparol using mother-of-pearl
Mother of pearl is used for a brighter play of light on the surface of a textured wall. The wall acquires a light metallic sheen of the required shade (gold, silver, copper, etc.). After all painting with wax and mother-of-pearl, all masking tape is removed. The wall is ready.
finished wall option