Mosaics began to be used for decoration and decoration as early as the second half of the 4th century BC. This is a very ancient material that has not lost its relevance in the 21st century, the designers assure. Our advice site decided to find out exactly where and how you can use mosaic for interior decoration.
Let’s first define what a mosaic is. Wikipedia replies that this is the formation of images on a plane by arranging pieces of different materials. But not necessarily images! Today, it is most often just a single-color finish from small pieces, sometimes a pattern, ornament.
Typical sizes of modern mosaics:
- For walls – 20×20 millimeters and 4 millimeters thick;
- For the floor – 12×12 millimeters and 8 millimeters thick.
In general, experts refer to mosaic tiles as all products ranging in size from 10 to 100 millimeters. They are often called chips. The smaller the chips, the more accurate the picture you will get. But the more difficult it will be to fold it.
Mosaics are made today from the following materials:
- ceramic tiles – the most inexpensive and therefore popular option;
- smalts are a traditional material; they are opaque glass colored thanks to metal dioxides;
- natural stone is also an option that has long historical roots;
- porcelain stoneware – such a mosaic appeared not so long ago and usually successfully imitates wood;
The shape of the mosaic can also be very different. Simple squares are most popular, but there are also rectangles, circles, triangles, rhombuses, and hexagons. Hexagons, by the way, are a modern trend, they are in fashion now. If the mosaic is round, then the seams will, of course, be wider. But this option looks fresh and advantageous..
Where can mosaics be used? Anywhere! In order not to be unfounded, here are some photo examples:
Today there are two options for laying the mosaic – traditionally, in a tiny piece, meticulously creating the overall picture and drawing; and a modern version – ready-made layers with an average size of 30×30 centimeters. The mosaic pieces are already glued onto a special mesh sheet. So the installation is practically no different from finishing with ordinary ceramic tiles. The main differences are the increased tightness of the finish and the ability to tile uneven surfaces, for example, rounded sides of a pool or bathtub, side parts of countertops.
Grout for tile joints, the choice of which the portal wrote in detail, you will need in any case.
It can be stated that mosaic is a versatile finishing and decorative material that can be used in very different ways. Long-lasting and beautiful finish, the main disadvantage of which is the rather high price. Mosaic is more expensive than ordinary tiles, if you need the most budgetary option – use broken tiles.