- What are the base compositions in liquid wallpaper
- Variety of additives in liquid wallpaper
- Ready-made liquid wallpaper or semi-finished product – what to choose
- Special materials for finish and preparation
- Products of well-known manufacturers of liquid wallpaper
- RMD Decoration (France)
- Bayramix (Turkey)
- Silk Plaster (Russia)
Liquid wallpaper is a popular finishing material, but due to its unusual properties, this technology remains a mystery for many. In the article, we will consider the main types of liquid wallpaper and the criteria for their selection. We will also determine the difference between the products of manufacturers working in different price niches..
If we evaluate the practicality and functionality of modern building materials, then in almost every category the leader will be “multi-layer pie” or “hybrid”. The reason for this lies in the ability to combine several useful properties at once, which simultaneously allows solving a wide range of technological problems.
Liquid wallpaper is just such a material. In fact, this is interior decorative plaster (some manufacturers actually call their product that way), with which they create a seamless thin-layer coating. As in the case of plaster, a similar application technique is used here..
The plastic mass is formed and hardened directly on the surfaces. The preparation of the working mixture looks similar: mixing of the base composition with water is always required (therefore, the wallpaper is “liquid”). Why “wallpaper”? As a result, we get a finish that feels similar to the finish with the usual roll materials.
What are the base compositions in liquid wallpaper
All liquid wallpaper looks like a dry mass, slightly loose, similar to crushed caked cotton wool. The main filler of this multicomponent material is not mineral elements, but fibers of vegetable, more precisely, organic origin. It can be:
- natural silk
Also can be added:
- dry plant bark
- wool, etc..
Cellulose fibers, widely used in the production of liquid wallpaper, make it possible to create practical, inexpensive formulations that are easy to apply. Such a coating turns out to be breathable, but in comparison with silk, liquid wallpaper based on cellulose is considered less durable, hygroscopic, more susceptible to high temperatures and ultraviolet radiation..
Silk threads have high tensile strength, moderately absorb water and do not expand from moisture. An important advantage of silk is that it tolerates UV radiation well. The hypoallergenic properties of silk thread, its resistance to mold, mildew, and decay cannot be disregarded. In addition to durability, a coating with a high percentage of silk, of course, looks very nice. Stylish shine and high price – this is its “highlight”.
Naturally, very often manufacturers use several components at once for the base – the most common are silk-cellulose base combinations. By roughly equivalent combining silk with plant fibers, a product with extended characteristics and an average price is obtained..
In order for the applied mass to reliably “adhere” to the surface being trimmed, and the fillers of the composition do not crumble after drying, adhesive substances are needed. In this case, everything is simpler – the consumer has no choice, acrylics are always used as binders. They are diluted with water, have good adhesion to many materials, elastic, being transparent – tint well and transfer color.
Variety of additives in liquid wallpaper
Additional components in the composition of liquid wallpaper are designed to solve both technical and decorative tasks:
- To diversify the color palette, manufacturers use dry, water-dispersed pigments. They set the general tone of the finished finish, and the blotches that stand out against the background are obtained due to multi-colored threads, grains of sand from the frozen paint.
- Fungicides of natural origin help protect the natural fibers of the coating from decay, fungi and mold (as the manufacturers assure).
- To create a low-combustible liquid wallpaper, fire retardants are introduced into the composition.
- Sometimes the composition contains thickeners and plasticizers..
- For the thickness of the coating and for the creation of the texture “are responsible” for enlarged or vice versa – small inclusions, for example, grains of minerals of different fractions, balls of polymers. It is technically impossible to apply a layer thinner than the diameter of the bulkiest components. Note that some compositions are applied with a layer of 1–1.5 mm, and others up to two or three or more – the consumption of the mixture directly depends on this.
- Comparatively long threads in the composition, intertwining, reinforce the frozen wallpaper and make the finished coating more like a fabric. Woolen filamentous inclusions diversify the color and texture of liquid wallpaper.
- Gold and silver threads make the coating shine in the light. Mica grains, metallized powders and cut lurex are also used to obtain “glitter”.
Ready-made liquid wallpaper or semi-finished product – what to choose
Liquid wallpaper is sold in dry form, their preparation for work consists in a simple addition of water in the right proportion. Some additives are added by default to liquid wallpaper, while others (usually for decorative purposes) are used as options.
Separately, it should be noted unprepared liquid wallpaper, the so-called “base”. Most often, the consumer is allowed to determine the color and its saturation himself: the base is sold white, and before mixing, astringent and dyes are diluted in water. However, experienced craftsmen with imagination are not limited to this, they also introduce other components, receiving coatings that are unique in appearance..
Special materials for finish and preparation
Surface priming is a mandatory step. But not any primer will work for this..
Sometimes manufacturers recommend specific brands from their partners, but often they complete products with formulations under their own brand. For impregnation of the carrier base, both colorless and tinted primers can be used, it’s all about the degree of “transparency” of the finished coating. Sometimes the primer paint plays an important role in creating its color, and also eliminates the unpleasant situation when the heterogeneity of the base appears through the coating.
Many manufacturers suggest using primers based on acrylics and vinyls, which contain silica sand. Such primers are also often used under decorative plaster, since they make any surface rough and facilitate the distribution of the layer..
It is believed that liquid wallpaper is afraid of water. But some manufacturers recommend treating the finished surfaces with special fixing varnishes, after which liquid wallpaper can be normally used in the kitchen or bathroom and can be washed..
Products of well-known manufacturers of liquid wallpaper
RMD Decoration (France)
The company is engaged in the production of different types of finishes, but their cotton material “Fiber de Cotex” made a splash at the time. The French are still trendsetters here, although the cost of their product is the highest on the market. This is a premium class.
The developers of RMD Decoration offer both ready-made series and white bases, which can be independently adjusted to the desired tone (FIBRES DOUCES – white, FIBRES DOUCES DECOR – white with gold threads, FIBERS MINERALES – white with stone chips). Ready positioned: LUXES DE COLUX, CORA, etc..
In the company’s price list, dyes, primers, fixing varnish are separately displayed.
Liquid wallpaper and accessories from RMD Decoration:
Material Weight, kg Features: Packing consumption, m2 Cost of one package, rub. FIBERS MINERALES 1 It is necessary to tint, contains mineral components 3.5-4 5000 LUXES DE COLUX 1 Finished, multi-color drawing 3.5-4 9500 Primer ENTREE EN MATIERE – COFIX five White 25-40 5500 COTEXFILM varnish five Colorless, fixing 25-50 9500
The firm “Bayramiks” is considered a representative of the middle price segment. The company’s marketers decided to single out two separate brands of KOZA liquid wallpaper based on cotton and cellulose. The line is quite diverse, both in color / texture and in price. Accordingly, simple drawings start at 350 rubles per kilogram package, more intricate mixtures cost three times more.
Under the SILKCOAT brand there are 3 series PRESTIGE, ELEGANT and MILLENIUM. This liquid wallpaper, in which, in addition to plant fibers, there is a lot of natural silk. Millennium is characterized by bright colors, while Prestige is more restrained and pastel. “Elegant” is distinguished by contrasting splashes on a calm background.
All samples of liquid wallpaper from “Bayramiks” are sold ready-made, the company also offers its own primer and its own bonding varnish.
Liquid wallpaper and accessories from Bayramix:
Material Weight, kg Features: Packing consumption, m2 Cost of one package, rub. BAYRAMIX KOZA (colors К13 – К15) 1 Ready made cotton based 4-4.5 460 SILKCOAT MILLENIUM 1,2 Ready-made, bright monochromatic, contains a lot of silk 4 1650 “Primer for liquid wallpaper” 7 Vinyl base with sand, white, but can be tinted 13-23 1100 BS-18 varnish ten Acrylic, colorless 50 600
Silk Plaster (Russia)
Perhaps the most famous domestic manufacturer of liquid wallpaper, Silk Plaster, presents a very wide range of products. Among the 17 collections, you can find compositions with a large amount of silk and with a predominance of cellulose. There are compositions with mica and mineral grain.
The variety of colors and volumes is equally impressive. Silk Plaster produces both an elite product and a truly budget series, while the quality of even inexpensive liquid wallpaper from a Russian manufacturer is recognized by the masters as very high. Note that all compositions are sold ready-made, but primers and varnishes need to be bought from other companies..
Silk Plaster liquid wallpaper:
Material Weight, kg Features: Packing consumption, m2 Cost of one package, rub. “MASTER” 1 Minimal relief, neutral color, can be used as a base 4.5-5 150 “OPTIMA” 1 10% silk, fine fraction 4.5-5 380 “PRESTIGE” 1 50% silk, coarse fibers 3.5-4 550 “IST” 1 Silk base, complex bright composition, colored chips, package with sequins 3.5-4 1650
In Russia, liquid wallpaper has been used for decoration of residential and office premises for more than 15 years. The technology is no longer perceived as innovative, and the contradictory name does not hurt the ear. During this time, they fully proved their practicality, but most of all, domestic painters liked that this material can be independently modified and applied with your own hands..