- Composition and properties of rubber paint
- Purpose and scope of rubber paint
- General guidelines for working with rubber paint
- Material application technology: step by step instructions
- Tips for choosing an elastic coating
- Storage and transportation conditions for rubber paint
Rubber paint is an innovative material developed by technologists in order to eliminate the disadvantages of traditional paints and varnishes. Consider the main properties of paint, describe the scope of its application, and also give a number of tips for its selection, storage, application and operation.
Composition and properties of rubber paint
Despite the fact that rubber paint appeared on the construction market relatively recently, it has already gained a reputation as a durable and reliable coating with excellent performance. The consistency of the material resembles mastic, and after drying, an elastic film resembling rubber forms on the treated surface.
For the manufacture of rubber paint, manufacturers use the following components:
- water – solvent (about 5% of the total volume);
- acrylate latex – gives the paint strength and elasticity;
- coalescent – promotes film formation;
- antifreeze – responsible for the frost resistance of the coating;
- preservative – ensures the safety of the material in a closed container, prevents the growth of mold and fungi;
- special additives, fillers and pigments that improve the properties of the material and give it color.
Such a composition determined the following properties of rubber paint:
- Good adhesion and high coverage of various surfaces: plastic, gypsum, wood, concrete, aluminum, galvanized and non-galvanized steel, ferrous metal, asbestos cement, asphalt, foam and aerated concrete, corrugated board, etc..
- Resistance to weathering and temperature fluctuations (operating temperature range -50 … + 60 ° С.
- Vapor permeability of the film coating (especially important when processing wood products).
- Fast drying speed – 1–2 hours (at a temperature of about 20 ° C, air humidity – 65%).
- Ease of application – a roller or brush is suitable for work. Some companies produce paint in spray cans.
- Anti-slip surface – the rubber film does not slip at all, thereby reducing the risk of injury to the coating (floor, roof, decking, etc.).
- Wear resistance and durability – the service life reaches 8-10 years.
- Safety – there are no toxic solvents and components in the composition.
- Super flexibility and extensibility – the rubber film is capable of stretching 300-400%.
Important! Subject to the application technology, rubber paint fits well on galvanized iron, unlike other paints and varnishes.
Purpose and scope of rubber paint
Excellent performance properties of “elastic paint” made it possible to use it when performing various construction and repair work.
Repair of the roof and facade of the building. The material fills all cracks and seams, evens out the top layer and gives the house an aesthetic appeal.
The waterproofness of the latex film allows the paint to be used as a waterproofing material that is applied to the concrete base of swimming pools and artificial ponds.
Painting of cars and components – metal surfaces become resistant to corrosion processes.
The resistance of the paint to the same type of mechanical stress allows its use when applying road markings.
Covering courts, gyms, playgrounds and stadiums.
Painting concrete, metal and wood fences.
Rubber paint is used in the arrangement of the area around swimming pools, gazebos, house entrances, terraces and balcony floors.
General guidelines for working with rubber paint
When working with rubber paint, you should adhere to the following rules and recommendations:
- When coating untreated wood, the product must be sanded and coated with an antiseptic, the metal must be cleaned and degreased, and the concrete must be primed (a universal primer or reinforcing impregnation is suitable). Hard glossy surfaces, previously painted with alkyd or oil paints, rinse with baking soda or sodium phosphate solution.
- The control stain will allow you to evaluate the thickness of the paint, the brightness of the color and the exact drying period.
- It is not recommended to apply the paint in windy weather, high air humidity (over 80%) and in direct sunlight.
- It is better to treat the surface not with one thick layer, but with several thin ones – this will increase the wear resistance of the coating. It is imperative to maintain a time interval of 1–2 hours between layers..
Important! The painted surface can be treated with an antiseptic or detergent no earlier than a week after applying the paint.
Material application technology: step by step instructions
Rubber paint is applied in the following sequence:
- Clean the surface from rust, dirt, dust, oil contamination.
- Rinse with water, dry.
- Stir the paint, test and, if necessary, dilute with water.
- Apply the first coat. A spray gun, roller or brush is suitable for work.
- Withstand time (about 2 hours) and after the previous layer has dried – apply the second.
- At the end of work, rinse the tools.
Approximate paint consumption per layer – 100-200 g / m22. The indicator depends on the porosity of the surface and the method of application.
Table. Review of rubber paints of domestic and foreign companies
|Name||Plasti Dip||Rezolux Universal||Rubber paint||Farbex||Super decor|
|Appointment||tuning of cars and motor vehicles, decoration of ceramic, glass and wood products||universal: roofing, metal, wood, plastic and concrete surfaces||painting of cars and accessories||for roofs, mineral, metal and wood surfaces||waterproofing of roofs, swimming pools, tennis courts, decorative elements, fences|
|Choice of colors||a wide range of||8 basic colors||a wide range of||9 basic colors, 5 shades on request||17 basic colors|
|Cover type||matt, glossy, fluorescent||fine texture or smooth||matt||matt||velvety|
|Material consumption per layer||150 ml / m2||100-200 g / m2||130-150 ml / m2||100-200 g / m2||125-200 g / m2|
|Drying period between layers, hour||1||0.5||0.5||2||2|
|Shelf life, months||ten||12||12||18||18|
|Packaging||cylinders of 310 ml, 3.78 l, 5 l||7/14/18 kg||400 ml cylinders||1.2 / 3.5 / 6/12 kg||1/3/6/12 kg|
|Cost, EUR||15 (310 ml)||17.5 (14 kg)||8-10 (400 ml)||2-3 (1.2kg)||4 (1 kg)|
Tips for choosing an elastic coating
When buying rubber paint, consider the following criteria:
- Purpose of paint. Some firms produce narrow-focus paints with pronounced certain qualities. For example, for concrete floors the content of acrylic latex is increased, for wooden surfaces the presence of special antiseptic additives. An important parameter for the roof is resistance to temperature changes and aggressive environmental influences.
- Manufacturer. The goods of foreign companies have already been tested by time, but they are much more expensive. Domestic firms produce competitive paint at an affordable price.
- Shelf life. This parameter is relevant if the repair work will be performed 6 months after the purchase of the enamel.
- Availability of a certificate confirming the compliance of the goods with quality standards and environmental safety standards.
Storage and transportation conditions for rubber paint
Such paint must be stored at a temperature of at least 0 ° С, but short-term exposure to cold during transportation (up to -20 ° С) is allowed. If the elastic enamel is frozen, then it must be kept at a temperature of about +25 ° C for a day.
As you can see, rubber paint really has unique characteristics that are unusual for conventional paint coatings, easy to apply, practical and versatile in use..