- What to look for when choosing wooden windows?
- Types of wooden windows
- Installation and operation of wooden windows
Wooden windows – this is what we are used to. They are reliable and warm, they perfectly complement modern interiors and harmoniously fit into “antique” interiors.
The main advantages of wooden windows:
What to look for when choosing wooden windows?
Quality wooden windows cannot be cheap. This is due to the specifics of the preparation of the source material and the use of complex expensive equipment..
Types of wooden windows
With all the diversity of the window world, design features allow all windows to be divided into two main groups:
1) separate, in which the glasses are in separate sashes,
2) with twin bindings in which two frames are bolted together.
The first type includes Russian windows, the second – Euro windows (German technology), Finnish and Norwegian windows. Let’s consider them in more detail.
We are all accustomed to separate binding since Soviet times – such windows were installed in typical “stalinkas”, “Khrushchevs”, panel nine-story buildings, etc. This type of window is usually called – RUSSIAN WINDOWS, which are more often referred to as joinery. Solid wood and sheet glass are used for their production. Occasionally, instead of single glass, double-glazed windows are inserted, pre-ordered separately. There is no need to talk about the complete tightness of Russian windows, the gaps are eliminated with the help of additional sealing contours made of special rubber, rubber-plastic, etc. A window made of solid wood can lead. To prevent this from happening, the wood must be dried and prepared according to all the rules. Otherwise, carpentry buyers run the risk of wasting money..
Euro windows (German technology)
The main difference between EUROOKON, manufactured according to German technology, is the use of a glass unit and the absence of vents. However, it is possible to make vents in such models. It’s just that the problem of light ventilation of the room is solved by itself due to the possibility of opening the window frame in a vertical plane and fixing it in this mode.
Glued laminated timber is used as a material for euro windows, where three layers of wood are located with different fiber directions. The use of laminated veneer lumber technology allows you to create strong frames that resist deformation, and therefore will serve their owners for many years. The water-repellent glue used for gluing acts as an additional protection against negative environmental influences.
Double-glazed windows in euro windows are two- or three-chamber. For heat and sound insulation in the frames, a double and sometimes triple sealing contour is used. In this regard, euro windows do not require gluing for the winter – the sash adjoins the window frame quite tightly.
FINNISH WINDOWS have two sets of sashes, which are fastened with special fittings. In one of the doors, ordinary glass is installed, in the other – a double-glazed window. With such a design, it is very difficult to realize the opening of windows in two planes, although sometimes Finnish windows are produced that open in vertical mode. Small transoms and vents are provided for ventilation. Sometimes, in cases where the use of curtains is undesirable, blinds are installed inside the Finnish windows, allowing you to regulate the luminous flux in the premises..
The material for the production of Finnish windows is most often natural wood, less often double glued beams are used. Sealing contours are used for more effective flap adhesion.
IN NORWEGIAN WINDOWS, the features of Russian windows and Euro windows are combined. They are similar to carpentry due to massive wood, the quality of the material of which is monitored extremely strictly: it must be high quality northern pine or larch. The similarity with euro-windows lies in the use of double-glazed windows, but there are serious differences in technology. According to Norwegian technology, a rubber gasket is used instead of a sealant. The double-glazed window is fixed with glazing beads and self-tapping screws, which makes it very easy to replace the damaged glass unit.
Another feature of Norwegian windows is the installation of a molecular sieve, which absorbs excess moisture during temperature changes, preventing the glass from fogging up. In addition, Norwegian windows are imperatively impregnated with the composition against decay, so they are well protected from destruction in high humidity. On top of the impregnation, varnish or tint coating is applied. The windows are opened in two planes.
Installation and operation of wooden windows
The installation of wooden windows in accordance with the norms and rules of installation is carried out by specialized construction companies according to the schemes of typical junction assemblies and in compliance with the sequence of technological operations for the installation of window blocks, installation of drainage systems, slopes, window sills;
Disassembly of products and elimination of breakdowns is carried out only by specialists;
Wood is a moisture-absorbing material, therefore, wooden windows should be stored and operated in a room with normal humidity (50-70%), a temperature of about + 18 ° C and with good ventilation, if there is no such ventilation, artificial ventilation should be provided.
During the renovation of the premises, do not pack the windows with polyethylene or other airtight materials. In the case when repair work is associated with an increase in humidity in the room (with an area of more than 0.7 sq. M), the balcony doors and sashes must be kept closed, with the exception of one, which must be opened for ventilation.
Full stabilization of the paintwork occurs two to three weeks after application, therefore, during this time, under direct exposure to moisture, white spots may appear on the window surface, the appearance of wood texture. With decreasing moisture, stains disappear.
The moving parts of the fittings must be lubricated with non-absorbent technical Vaseline at least once a year. This operation is performed independently, during the warranty period, by a representative of the company;
To increase the intervals for surface maintenance, it is necessary to use a polish for the varnish surface of the window block. The use of other agents will damage the varnish. Before use, the polish should be shaken well and then applied with a soft cloth or sponge on a dry surface. Using polish twice a year will prolong the life of the wooden elements of the product for a long time;
In most cases, maintenance work is not time consuming, however, they allow you to avoid subsequently expensive repairs and replacement of wooden frames.