According to the world-wide Saffir-Simpson scale, a hurricane wind is considered to be with a speed of 33 m / s. However, already the wind with a force of 20 m / s is able to demolish slate and roofing material from the roof, bring down old trees and individual branches. Therefore, it is not necessary to say that only a hurricane can be destructive, the danger occurs even with a lower wind speed.
For a person who, during a strong wind, was on the street, such debris flying from the roofs of neighboring buildings pose a particular danger. At such moments, it is better to stay away from tall trees and wobbly advertising structures, you should immediately find shelter and wait out the storm.
It is the roofs of houses that suffer in the first place in strong winds. Experts consider flat self-leveling roofs to be the most reliable in terms of hurricane stability, but such roofs are often equipped with recreation areas that may be affected. And, of course, a heavier and stronger metal tile is more reliable than ordinary slate or roofing sheeting.
On the Saffir-Simpson scale, hurricanes are divided into five categories. The maximum wind speed in the fifth category is 70 m / s. Such a flurry will tear down not only prefabricated houses, but also stronger structures, will become a real natural disaster.
In our country, insurance against natural disasters is not yet very widespread, unlike, for example, the United States, where tornadoes are not uncommon. Usually, the authorities of the affected regions provide assistance to those whose houses were destroyed, but this leads to additional budget costs.
Tall trees growing next to the house in strong winds become a very dangerous factor. For this reason, experts advise not to plant overgrowing trees near the house and cut off the branches hanging over power lines and roofs.
It is noteworthy that, despite the completely demolished roof (there were not even rafters left), the plastic window in this house survived during the hurricane. In general, according to experts, plastic windows are more stable than old wooden frames..
If in regions remote from the coast, hurricane wind is dangerous only in itself, then near the sea it leads to a sharp increase in the height of the waves, which lead to additional destruction.
Prefab, prefabricated and small-diameter log buildings are the first to be affected by hurricanes. Also, the wind often blows out farm buildings, usually less solid than residential buildings..
This is Haiti, the aftermath of Hurricane Matthew that raged over the Caribbean in 2017. Buildings in tropical countries are usually lightweight, as there is no need to provide warmth in such a climate. Flimsy buildings are the first to suffer, and destruction is especially widespread in areas of mass development..
It is customary to call a storm a continuous wind with a force of more than 9 on the Beaufort scale. For comparison – 0 points – this is complete calm, that is, no wind. Storms can be normal, dust-free, as well as snow and sandy, which are often even more dangerous for local residents.
In a strong wind, experts advise not to approach the windows, because the glass can fly out, and the fragments are very dangerous. The safest way is to hide in the basement, if it is not there, in a room without windows, for example, in a hallway or corridor..
Unfortunately, forecasters cannot always predict a hurricane. A striking example was the situation in Moscow on May 29, 2017, when meteorologists declared a “yellow” level of natural hazard, but in fact the wind force reached a hurricane.
Humanity has not yet learned how to prevent natural disasters. We have no control over nature and can only predict hurricanes, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions in order to take timely measures for protection, for example, to evacuate from a dangerous area.
We really hope that you will not be affected by various natural disasters, and the wind will be a pleasant breeze, refreshing in hot summer and not interfering with walks in winter!