- What standards to rely on
- What not to do during redevelopment
- Project preparation
- Collection of documents
- The procedure for approving a project and agreeing on redevelopment
- The final stage
Changing the configuration of premises in multi-apartment buildings is a rather serious issue. Even a banal expansion of the opening requires a lot of approvals, but if it comes to large-scale redevelopment, it is necessary to agree on a permit for this kind of action by submitting an application with a number of documents.
What standards to rely on
The instruction on accounting for the housing stock of the Russian Federation continues to operate, which defines the concept of a technical passport for an apartment and its content. Thus, for each object of communal (municipal) real estate, the presence of a technical passport is strictly mandatory, while the fact of the validity of the passport is the basis for using the apartment for the purposes provided for by this document. The key point here is that any technical changes in the premises that require entry into the technical data sheet are meant under the terms of reconstruction and redevelopment..
In this context, changes can affect both building structures and engineering equipment. However, redevelopment is solely a change in the configuration of a room, that is, the demolition, movement and construction of partitions, as well as door and window openings. The procedure for agreeing on redevelopment is described in detail in Chapter 4 of the Housing Code of the Russian Federation. The same document establishes the need for interaction with local authorities of the municipality, which can establish a procedure for redevelopment that complements, but does not contradict current legislation. In particular, in Moscow, there is the Moscow Government Resolution N 508-PP dated 10/25/2011, which describes in detail the procedure for agreeing on redevelopment, taking into account interagency ties. Similar documents may be valid in other large cities, advice on this issue can be obtained when applying to the MFC or BTI.
What not to do during redevelopment
Permissible changes made during the conversion and / or redevelopment of an apartment are described in the “Rules and Norms for the Technical Operation of the Housing Stock”. So, approvals and changes to the data sheet do not require work related to the replacement of household and plumbing stationary equipment: a stove, a shower, a bath, unless these changes imply constant interference in the work of home engineering systems located up to the point of delimitation of areas of responsibility. The tenants of the apartment are given complete freedom of action with non-capital partitions, which are not load-bearing and supporting, as well as the right, at their discretion, to change the zero mark of the floor and ceiling. At the same time, the most important rule applies: the weight of formal, non-capital partitions, as well as suspended ceiling systems and the floor, must not exceed the permissible load provided for by the house project.
There are also such changes that are obviously pointless to carry out, because the project for their implementation will not be approved. These include changes:
- Violating the strength of building structures;
- Leading to a deterioration in housing conditions, violations of SNiP and SaNPiN;
- Violating the appearance and configuration of facades (except for the installation of external air conditioning units);
- Leading to disruption of the work of home engineering communications;
- Changing the established demarcation lines between individual apartments;
- Exceeding the limit of impacts on building structures;
- Held in an emergency house.
The redevelopment project is an obligatory part of the package of documents attached when submitting an application. Drawing up project documentation usually takes the longest part of the entire preparation, so you should start with this..
The redevelopment project, drawn up by a specialist in construction and architecture, is a guarantee of a successful agreement. The person leading the project is obliged to act in accordance with the established norms, thus the changes envisaged by the project are guaranteed not to contradict them, which means that the state body will not have a reason to refuse approval.
The organization performing design work must have an SRO permit for the corresponding type of work. Also, the development of the project can be entrusted to the specialists of the construction institute, who developed the project of an apartment building or a series of houses. You need to be especially careful when choosing a project contractor if the house is built according to an individual project. These are, as a rule, modern new buildings and buildings erected before the 50s of the last century..
The admissibility of a certain type of work requires obtaining a technical opinion for a certain type of building – this is the main difficulty in developing a project. A similar conclusion can be issued either by the author of the architectural project on which the house was built, or by an organization authorized to issue refueling complexes for houses, the author of the projects of which is unknown or unavailable. Without fail, the technical conclusion must be confirmed by the results of an engineering survey, which is carried out not only in the apartment considered for redevelopment, but sometimes in neighboring.
The developed project must necessarily include the following parts:
- Introductory part – title page, content and assurance by the head of the compliance of design solutions with current standards.
- Explanatory note – a description of building structures and engineering equipment, the regulatory framework of the project and a list of actions that will be performed during the redevelopment with detailed instructions on the technology of work.
- Graphical section – apartment plans before and after redevelopment, drawings of units to which changes are made, schemes for strengthening load-bearing structures, plans for engineering communications, etc..
- Copies of SRO approvals and house binding scheme.
Please note that each project sheet must be certified by the signature of the manager and leading technical specialists. The developer is usually responsible for approving a project in an architectural and construction bureau..
Collection of documents
When the project is ready and approved, there are only a few weeks left until final approval. However, before submitting an application, you should collect all the necessary documents provided for by the RF LC. This list includes:
- Ownership documents. Copies must be notarized.
- Technical certificate.
- The conclusion of the departmental organization that supervises the preservation of architectural monuments, if the apartment is located in a building of this type.
- If housing is rented out under a social rental agreement – written consent of all persons living in it, including those temporarily absent.
Ownership documents and an opinion on the protection of architectural monuments may not be provided if the housing is registered in the USRN. The request for an extract from the register is carried out by the body carrying out the approval.
The procedure for approving a project and agreeing on redevelopment
The application can be submitted at the local BTI or MFC, a standard form and sample of filling can be obtained there. After accepting the documents, the applicant is given a receipt with their inventory. From the moment of submission of the application, it is considered within 45 days, during this period a decision is made on satisfaction or refusal. Notification of the results of the decision is sent to the applicant within three days after its adoption at the postal address indicated in the application.
In case of a positive answer, the applicant receives written permission to carry out the planning. The method of transferring the permission can be indicated in the text of the application, otherwise it will be transferred through the BTI or the MFC. The permit serves as the basis for starting redevelopment work.
Redevelopment approval may be refused for two reasons:
- All required documents were not submitted in full;
- The planned redevelopment measures violate the norms and current legislation.
In the first case, the decision to refuse is usually preceded by a written notification of the applicant about the insufficient completeness of the submitted documents or the inability to obtain the accompanying documentation. So, the applicant may be asked to take the initiative to obtain certificates and opinions from municipal departments or architectural supervision bodies into their own hands..
If the approval is denied due to violation of the norms and current legislation, this is entirely the fault of the project developer. In this case, the project is sent for revision, which is carried out at the expense of the developer.
The final stage
It is extremely important to remember that after the completion of the repair work, the corresponding changes must be made to the registration certificate for the housing. This requires an examination of the apartment by an engineering commission, which establishes that all work was carried out according to the project and issues a corresponding conclusion. You need to contact the BTI with him to make changes to the registration certificate of the apartment.