In the article you will find recommendations for laying ceramic tiles on walls and floors. We will also talk about how to cut tiles without a tile cutter and correctly mark the room before cladding. The text contains pictures of the workflow with comments.
The use of ceramic tiles is very popular – this proven material remains the favorite finishing method for all tastes..
Wall cladding with ceramic tiles
Before laying the tiles with glue, we recommend creating a temporary support for the starting row – a strip or profile, fixed to the wall. The tiles are laid from the second row, since this is the only way to accurately maintain the horizon. For this, it is better to use a laser level..
The starting row of tiles is laid out from the most visible corner. Elements of this row should be laid as flat as possible to serve as a beacon for subsequent rows.
In order to quickly drill a neat hole in the tile, you need diamond core bits. Set the diameter of all crowns in advance and buy exactly the ones you need so as not to overpay when purchasing a set. The tile should be drilled at low speeds – a hand mixer is better for this than a drill (it has a too sensitive button).
A correctly marked and clearly cut hole ensures a secure fit of the electric point (socket, switch).
Changing the direction of geometry is a fairly frequent design move, and for its implementation it is necessary to change the beacon point. The starting point for all planes is the ceiling. The place where it joins the walls is clearly visible, so it is better to start with a whole tile. To do this, carefully measure the height and set the lower horizon, taking into account the thickness of the seams.
The orientation of the top of the masonry can be obtained by the decorative plinth, or by the level of the ceiling plane. Be sure to use stands (in the photo – GKL stripes), otherwise the tile may not hold and “float”.
Then, in the same way designating the horizon and observing the drawing according to the project, we revet the rest of the walls of the bathroom.
Plasterboard surfaces should first be primed:
and before laying the tiles, apply a thin layer of glue.
When facing the doorway, be careful: you should not move the rows in order to come out flush with the factory edge to the vertical edge of the opening. This site will be closed with cash and no one will appreciate the beauty. In addition, a row will get lost. The seams of the tiles should be visible along the entire perimeter of the walls at the same level. Install an additional beacon.
“Walk around” the opening, observing the coincidence of the seams. The whole tile should be laid in a corner, and the cut should fit into the opening.
The final view of the tiled opening:
With any floor material, the base is decisive. Its reliability and precision in the execution of the plane is the key to successful tile laying. When facing the bathroom floor, you must follow a few simple rules.
1. The surface should be thoroughly dust-free and primed.
2. Start laying from the most visible corner. The side to be trimmed should be under the tub.
3. Be sure to check the masonry for gaps and slopes using a long rule.
4. Apply glue not only to the tile, but also to the contact surface of the screed – this will improve adhesion.
The final look of the tiled floor:
How to cut tiles
You can cut tiles without a special tool (tile cutter), as well as without noise and dust. To do this, you only need a ceramic drill, clamped in a chuck. We press the guide (square) to the tile and repeatedly scratch the glaze and 1-2 mm of ceramic with a drill.
The result is a groove.
If this is the edge of the tile and you need to cut a thin strip, you can simply bite it with pliers along the groove.
If the tile needs to be cut in the middle, put it on a rod and break it along the groove.
In both cases, the edges must be cleaned with a diamond file..
Even in the absence of experience, you can make a quality repair if you show perseverance, accuracy and attentiveness, especially in the little things. Remember that the life of ceramics is practically unlimited, so you should not save time and materials by disrupting the technology.