Let’s first find out what the optimal step sizes are needed to climb comfortably:
- The height of the step varies from 15 to 20 centimeters, it will be higher – it is inconvenient to raise the leg, lower – there will be a desire to jump over the step.
- Width – from 26 to 30 centimeters, taking into account the fact that the steps overlap one by one by about three centimeters.
- The angle of inclination of the stairs is from 26 to 35 degrees. More – it will be too cool, less – it already looks like a ramp and will take up too much space.
Ladder device: 1 – radius riser; 2 – podium stage; 3 – winder step; 4 – riser; 5 – pillar; 6 – stage; 7 – kosour; 8 – bowstring; 9 – baluster; 10 – handrail
As you can see in this diagram, in addition to the step itself, there is also a riser. And you can trim these two elements of the staircase with different materials, because they have different functions. We devoted a separate article to the staircase fence, now we will deal with materials for finishing steps, which can be completely different and differ from the main structure.
So, we will try to consider all the options available today..
The cheapest and most practical option is to simply paint the concrete steps. Suitable if you have a reinforced concrete, solid staircase and you decide to avoid additional costs for it. Just painting with preliminary priming is inexpensive, you can do it yourself. However, the staircase, albeit ennobled, will remain concrete – that is, quite cold, hard, uncomfortable and not very safe. This option is suitable, for example, for a staircase to a garage or an external porch..
Carpet covering. The soft, non-slip material is almost ideal for families with young children and older family members. The disadvantages of carpeting on the steps include the need for proper fastening, otherwise the path will slide, and this is very dangerous! In addition, you will have to regularly vacuum every step, clean the carpets. Agree, not a very pleasant prospect. You can buy special carpet pads that are attached to each step, making them more comfortable and safe..
The budget options for finishing the steps of the stairs are laminate and linoleum. However, you have to think about the design of the edges of the steps, using, for example, non-slip corners. In addition, the laminate is often simply inconvenient to cut to the size of the steps, a large consumption of material will turn out.
Tile or clinker. In houses, completely tiled or clinker steps are not so common. Risers are often decorated with decorative ceramic tiles, which gives the stairs a special look. If you decide to choose a tile for the steps themselves, you should choose a special one with special notches that prevent slipping.
Artificial or natural stone. The advantages of such a design include a luxurious appearance, rich and respectable, as well as durability. However, stone steps are hard, unsafe and can be slippery. Yes, and such a finish costs a lot. In addition, the stone steps will turn out to be “sonorous”, if you quickly go down them in shoes – everyone will hear. For steps made of natural or artificial stone, it is advisable to buy special anti-slip tapes for greater safety.
Metal. Fully wrought metal staircases are rarely used in homes. Typically, this option is used in the case of arranging a porch or street stairs leading to the attic. Forged steps do not slip – a plus. However, hitting them is very painful. However, the same can be said about stone and ceramic tiles. And forging looks very presentable.
Wood. What can I say – natural wood has more advantages than disadvantages. It is both beautiful and pleasant to walk barefoot, and safer than metal, tile or stone. It is quite expensive, but a ladder is generally an expensive element of home improvement. For added safety, you can attach special carpet or rubber pads to the wooden steps until the children are older.
Cork cover – well suited, as it does not slip and absorbs when going up and down.
Glass. The material is not very popular, but it allows you to create surprisingly light, literally floating steps. It can be slippery, quite expensive, chilly, but modern and stylish.
It is up to you to choose the material from which the steps of your staircase will be built. There are both budget and expensive options, and in appearance the stairs will be completely different..