Let’s talk about stoves. These most ancient devices for heating housing have been known since the 4th-5th centuries BC. And in the entire history of civilization, in essence, they have practically not changed.
Making a real Russian stove with your own hands is a great art, and there are not many real masters of this craft left. Now it is much more convenient and easier to purchase her younger sister – a household metal stove (our Russian ear is closer to its other name – “potbelly stove”). If you only have a city apartment in the form of real estate, then you, in theory, do not need such a stove and then you can, in principle, not read.
On the other hand, in our turbulent times, nothing can be guaranteed. What if, God forbid, it will happen like last winter in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky, when a steamer with fuel oil got lost somewhere and the whole city was left without heat and light? Or, God forbid, NATO will get mad at us, as at unfortunate Serbs, and their evil “stealth” will bomb our heating stations? So it is better not to forget about the “potbelly stoves”. After all, if something happens with her, you can always heat a cooling apartment with parquet before the arrival of Our.
In general, a stove on the farm is a necessary thing. However, before you rush to the store to shop, you need to understand all the nuances. Moreover, the frost has not yet struck, and there is time.
Experienced people explained to me that when buying a stove, you need to keep in mind the “Requirements for a home stove” or “The rule of three” E “.
Any “Household metal oven” should be: Economical, Eco-friendly and Aesthetic.
The economy is as follows:
1. The stove must have a high efficiency (efficiency is the coefficient of efficiency. Simply put, how much wood must be burned to keep warm). With proper operation of the furnace, its efficiency reaches 75-85%. These numbers mean that you don’t have to throw up firewood every minute. A modern stove is not a fire in an iron box, it is arranged in such a way that even one log will burn slowly and heat up for a long time.
2. Warm up evenly over the entire surface.
3. Give off heat evenly throughout the day with a minimum temperature difference between the floor and the ceiling of 2-3 ° C.
4. Do not be difficult to install and do not take up too much space.
5. Be strong and durable.
Environmentally friendly oven:
1. The less firewood we burn, the more forests on the planet.
2. Sophisticated engineering design that saves the tenant from waste, and the surroundings from harmful exhaust.
1. I want it to be beautiful!
An important point is not to get burned out and not get burned. To do this, you need to carefully choose a place for the stove. The stove should be located in the center of the house – it is recommended to install it (depending on the number of rooms) near the inner wall or at the intersection of partitions. If the rooms are separate, the “potbelly stove” is placed in the corridor. In a house with a veranda, the stove is installed in such a way that it faces the veranda, and the back and side walls are located between the internal partitions.
The distance from the walls of the oven to the wall must be at least one meter. If you put it closer, the heat transfer of the stove decreases. Side walls tend to generate more heat than the back and front, which must also be considered.
Which oven is better to buy, and how much does it cost?
“Potbelly stoves” today are available in a variety and variety. Some models are even decorated with artistic casting and majolica.
Since the time of the Civil War, the “bourgeois” have become not only more beautiful, but also differ in design like a Mercedes from the Joseph Stalin steam locomotive. Now they have not only a fire-resistant glass door that allows you to admire the fire, but also a set of enameled pipes. And you can heat them not only with banal firewood, coal or peat briquettes, but in general with everything that burns.
Fireplace “Traforart”, model “Paris”. Where is the line between fireplace and stove?
The number of domestic and foreign brands and firms selling stoves is huge. On the Russian market there are models of Italian, Spanish, German and French production. In Europe, it turns out, “potbelly stoves” are also in demand (also, I suppose, remember Suvorov and Zhukov?).
Having called the shops and salons selling “European ovens”, I was simply horrified by the “bourgeois” prices – $ 700 and more! When asked why it was so expensive, they answered me: “Come and see!” There really was something to see! What shapes and sizes are not offered today! Round and square, rectangular and triangular, wall and corner, even mounted! Some could hardly be called a stove at all, but rather a fireplace. But the sellers, in response to my doubts, authoritatively explained that although the object looks like a fireplace, and stands like a fireplace, it is a stove!
Most often, the Spanish company “Traforart”, the German “HARK” and the Italian “Piazzetta” offer themselves in oven shops. In addition to pleasing external data, Western stoves have a number of advantages. In addition to impressive external data, the top models of the Spanish company “Traforart” consist not only of steel, but also have a “second skin” – refractory bricks or ceramic tiles in one case, brass and cast iron in the other. This makes “potbelly stoves” more “sultry” and helps them retain heat longer. In this case, the weight of the product ranges from 50 to 180 kg.
Stove Hark 16, lined with glossy ceramics. Hark ovens can be connected to the chimney both from the top and from the back.
The slender “German women” from the “HARK” company look like an arch or a round barrel with a flat back. Their design combines three functional compartments: a firebox, a firebox and a niche – shelf. Such a stove will easily fit even into the interior of a city apartment: austere in black tiles with a brass door or silver in white tiles on a thick glass support. Glass doors made of vitroceramic glass withstand temperatures up to 750 ° C.
Having admired all this “overseas beauty” and calculated the efficiency of my wallet, I realized that such a stove is no longer a means of heating, but a luxury item. And, therefore, you have to deal with someone from the “local”.
The first thing that caught my eye was the stove of the Krasnokholmsk Electromechanical Plant. Moreover, it was sold in the “Seeds” store, for some unknown reason, selling this item, which has nothing to do with seeds. After the luxury and exuberant forms of her European sisters, she looked like a pitiful companion. She didn’t even have a name. Simply “Household oven with filler No. 1″. In the instructions, printed on a piece of paper a little larger than a matchbox, I could hardly read that it: “Consists of a firebox, a casing and a pipe. The space between the firebox and the casing is filled with filler (river sand or slag), which allows keeping heat for a long time. ” Having asked the seller to show me where the filler was poured, I heard in response: “We don’t have it. Collect and pour yourself “.
One of the models of the stove “Comfort”
I imagined myself with a scoop collecting “filler” in a children’s sandbox at night, and I immediately didn’t want to buy such a stove. Although the price was just ridiculous – 846 rubles 40 kopecks. True, in the end, I nevertheless timidly asked the seller for a certificate of conformity and other documents. To which they poked me at the same tiny instruction and said: “Written for you: tested for tightness.” And that’s all. I drove on, although the question: “Where did the filler go?” – still worried.
In several stores I found another domestic product – the well-known Uyut-type stove. In addition to the main function – heating, it is also used as a cooker. I can’t say that looking at her, I imagined my kitchen more comfortable. And although the sellers assured me that this stove is very practical and durable, one of the visitors in the store indignantly told that at the first firebox her surface cracked. Looking at the weighty construction of “Comfort”, I thought that an accident had simply happened to the woman, but “word of mouth” also works for me without fail..
With gloomy thoughts, I sadly walked around the numerous stove establishments of the capital, and was completely desperate when I suddenly saw HER. Or HIS?
In short, the Bulleryan oven.
And then it turned out that despite the suspicious name, it warms up quite well. And it is produced by the Russian company ProkK under a Canadian license, from where the “pharmacy” name comes from. The Bulleryan looks quite nice and the price is not bad – from $ 100 to $ 300, depending on the model and size. In essence, it is a steel air heater, surrounded by many pipes at the top and bottom, through which the heated air is evenly distributed throughout the room. One load of firewood is enough for 8-12 hours, and even very large logs can be placed in a large firebox. The efficiency of this furnace is extremely high – up to 80%, and with proper operation, Bulleryan is practically immortal.
Just like foreign counterparts, the stove runs on any solid fuel: wood, wood waste, cardboard, peat briquettes, brown coal, etc. And can heat a room up to 36 square meters.
Listening to how the deputy director of the ProKK company was praising its products, I asked, just in case: “Is there really not a single drawback in your brainchild!” Slightly hesitating, he sighed and confessed: “There are … they are stealing …”. And he told this story. At his dacha there is (well, of course!) His beloved “Bulleryan”. And then one frosty Saturday morning he goes from the train to his house, and towards him – a peasant with a sleigh. And on the sleigh – “Bulleryan”. “Well, someone else is lucky, our products are in demand,” the deputy director thought with pride. I came to my house, looked, and the stove – bye-bye!
Indeed, the smallest model weighs only 50 kg, and any man with a sled can carry it away. Although, in my opinion, this is not a disadvantage, but an advantage, because it can be brought to the dacha on a simple Zhiguli. A crane is not needed and the flimsy floor of the Moscow region hacienda will withstand.
And in conclusion, I confess that, while fulfilling the editorial assignment, I quite cheekily chose and bought myself a stove during my office hours. Since many have guessed which one, I immediately reject any accusations of corruption, since I chose with my heart and exclusively for myself. Moreover, deeply suffering from financial insufficiency. And I report to my beloved readers: the stove business in our country lives and flourishes, and not in itself, but for the benefit of the person. And if suddenly a dashing time comes, we know how to warm our soul and porridge.