Many modern buildings are still being built using the diagonal grid technology, a hyperboloid structure that was invented by Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov in the 19th century. Our advice site decided to choose the most famous buildings that were erected using this technology and adorned megacities.
This is the Shukhov tower or just the TV tower on Shabolovka. By the way, there are several Shukhov towers in our country. A striking example of a hyperboloid structure is a mesh metal structure based on an open surface, which is formed by the rotation of a hyperbola around its axis.
In general, Vladimir Shukhov built his first openwork tower back in 1896 in Nizhny Novgorod for the All-Russian Industrial and Art Exhibition. The tower was a water tower, 25 meters high, it has survived to this day in Polibino, Lipetsk region. At the same time, at the end of the 19th century, Shukhov patented his unique diagonal grid technology. Rmnt.ru recommends to include these objects in your tourist route as soon as possible.
And this is the famous Moscow GUM, the main supermarket in Russia. Its openwork roof looks very light, airy, although in fact it took 800 thousand kilograms of metal rods to build.
Kievsky railway station platforms in Moscow. Construction was carried out in 1914-1918, there was an acute shortage of metal in the country. Despite this, the work was successfully completed after the 1917 Revolution, and the glazed space above the platforms became the largest in Europe – the roof length is 230 meters. The metal-glass ceiling is supported by steel arches, the canopy is very effective. At the same time, it is difficult to imagine that a structure weighing 1300 tons rises above the passengers..
The unusual three-tiered roof of the Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts in Moscow is also Shukhov’s project. At the beginning of the twentieth century, it was assumed that the museum would work only during daylight hours, so the roof had to provide natural light. It is worth recalling that Our site has already told how and from what you can implement a transparent roof in your house.
This is China, a TV tower in Guangzhou. As you can see, the mesh frame is immediately noticeable, although the silhouette of the tower is more elegant and modern. Incidentally, this is the tallest hyperboloid structure on the planet at 610 meters. The TV tower was built in 2010.
London, the famous St. Mary Ax skyscraper, nicknamed because of its shape “Cucumber”. The basis of the building is a mesh shell made of metal and glass..
The theater in Beijing in the form of a huge capsule is also built on the basis of a metal frame.
Capital Gate, aka “The Leaning Tower” in Abu Dhabi. A huge lattice made of a diagonal mesh literally envelops the entire unusual skyscraper.
Courtyard of the British Museum. What is the beauty of the structures invented by Shukhov – lightweight and durable membranes are installed on a metal frame at the same time. And the roof is much easier than with other coatings.
And one more hyperboloid construction. This is the Aspire Tower in Doha, Qatar. Torch-shaped building height – 300 meters.
Experts claim that the invention of the Russian engineer Vladimir Shukhov led to a revolution in architecture and construction. As you can see, Shukhov’s technology is still actively used, nothing more effective in the construction of TV towers and skyscrapers has yet been invented..