In total, Wright (1867–1959) built 363 houses. As of 2005, about 300 buildings of the famous architect survived. Of course, we will not describe all of them, focusing on the most significant and interesting ones. This is Robie House, built in Chicago in 1910. This building became a prime example of the Prairie Houses series that made Wright famous. Note the striped glazing, the horizontal orientation of the house, the protruding roof canopy, as if protecting the building, an asymmetric shape that fits perfectly into the landscape. The fireplace became the center of the building.
Another Wright building from the Prairie Houses series. The architect built this building for himself in 1911, focusing on the surrounding area. The Taliesin complex is squat, with a low roof, stone walls, terraces literally cut into the landscape. The central building has the shape of the letter “P”. Wright’s residence, with a kitchen, loggia, dining room and three bedrooms, occupied one wing. Unfortunately, the house was hit by fire twice.
The uniqueness of the “House above the waterfall” is in its location. He not only blended into the picturesque area, hovering over the waterfall, he became an integral part of the landscape. Built in 1939, the house is one of Wright’s most famous buildings, has been a museum since 1964 and is popular with tourists, although it is located in a very secluded corner of Pennsylvania. It is interesting that the mountain river really flows through the lower tiers of the house, and in the living room there is a ledge of rock on the floor, which became the basis for the structure. The hearth, built from boulders found at the construction site, is also interesting..
Wright’s connection with Japanese architecture is strong enough and has been studied by specialists more than once. Wright himself took a lot from Japanese culture, visited this country. And Japanese architects, in turn, also borrowed elements of the “Wright” style. This is the Yamamura House, built in Ashiya, Japan in 1924. This is the only building of the American architect that has survived in Japan. Wright again made a start from the surrounding scenic area, equipped the places for rest and contemplation of the surroundings. Interesting is the long southern balcony, from which you can see the sea, the vaulted ceiling, as well as walls, partly built of clay, as a tribute to Japanese traditions.
This is the headquarters of Johnson Wax, construction of which began in 1936 by Wright’s design. The architect modernized the Art Nouveau style, popular in the 30s. The building, like almost everything created by Wright, has a horizontal orientation, with the exception of the central tower, it was built of brick. It is noteworthy that the architect was also involved in the design of furniture for this office building..
Synagogue “Beit Shalom”. One of Wright’s last structures, completed in 1959. The shape of the roof of the building is very interesting, which should symbolize Mount Sinai. But at the same time, Wright was inspired by the buildings of the ancient Mayans. The result is a very noticeable and unusual object that adorned Elkins Park in Pennsylvania..
Graycliff Manor, built in 1926-1931. Considered one of Wright’s most ambitious projects, it is based in Buffalo, New York. This building is often referred to as the “Gem of the Lake” because of its location and features. The estate is a complex of three buildings. The style of the architect is easily recognizable – a lot of windows, horizontal orientation of buildings, cantilever balconies. Wright also took on the landscaping of the estate..
Taliesin West. Erecting this building, Wright was inspired by the deserts of Arizona, noting that the state needed its own architecture. Now the building is the main campus of the School of Architecture, located in Scottsdale, and the house got its name in honor of Wright’s own estate, which we have already written about. Massive stonework, desert shades helped the building fit perfectly into the landscape. Wright, as was often the case, completely planned the layout of the furniture and the objects themselves..
A very rare occurrence for Wright is the upright house, Price Tower in Oklahoma. Another tower of the architect became part of the Johnson Wax headquarters, and this skyscraper is its only free-standing structure. Price Tower opened in 1956 as the office of a local chemical company. Wright himself called his creation “a tree that escaped from a crowded forest.”.
The leading collection of contemporary world art in New York is the Solomon Guggenheim Museum. It was built according to Wright’s design in 1943-1959. If from the outside the museum looks most of all like an inverted spiral, then inside it rather resembles a sink with a glazed courtyard in the center. The architect planned that visitors would start their inspection of the exposition from the top, going down the spiral ramp, but now the excursions are conducted from the bottom up..