With all the widest distribution of PVC technologies, plastic windows and other products, no progressive synthetic materials will ever replace natural wood. If a wooden window block is made correctly and from high-quality raw material, it is out of competition. Wooden windows create a completely different aura and microclimate in the house, make the home as comfortable as possible for life. But plastic ones are functionally more convenient, significantly cheaper and easier to transport and install..
Window sills and tides are important components of window blocks, both plastic and wooden. Window sills are located indoors and are in fact a multi-purpose multi-purpose plane. In addition to the aesthetic and decorative meaning, vases with flowers and other home “botany” are usually placed here. Window sills can also carry a serious weight load – you have to stand here when installing cornices and hanging curtains, when washing windows. Therefore, their strength should not be in doubt. And the material from which they are made must correspond not only to aesthetic ideas, but also to strength characteristics..
Window sills in a modern house are made of a wide variety of materials – plastic, stone, artificial stone, hard types of chipboard, cement-bonded particle boards, but the most common are traditional wooden window sills. The essential point is choosing the right type of wood for the windowsill. This wood must be hard, heavier and tougher than the material used in the window block. Window sills are often made from soft coniferous woods – pine and spruce. They are much cheaper, more affordable and look very good, being covered with high-quality transparent varnish. But this is an erroneous solution to the issue, such window sills do not retain their attractive appearance for long, all mechanical influences inevitable in everyday life are reflected on them in the form of dents and scratches. The correct material for window sills is hard, as a rule, broad-leaved types of wood – oak, beech, hornbeam, Siberian larch. The wood must go through the entire process of multi-stage, industrial drying and brought to an acceptable condition. In this case, the window sill made of it will last a long time, it will be durable and beautiful, all the listed types of wood are valuable and are widely used in furniture craft. It is also necessary not to forget that a glued solid wood is always preferable to a solid board of the same width. And in relation to the window sill, this circumstance is especially important due to the large temperature difference between the window and the heating system..
Plastic window sills are widespread, they are affordable and attractive, they are often installed even together with wooden windows. The unconditional disadvantage of plastic is its low strength characteristics and the fragility of its original attractive appearance. Better plastics exist, but they are not widely available..
Window sills made of chipboard and Vertsalit look good. But these and similar materials have a significant drawback – a synthetic resin is used as a binder base of the material in their composition. And it is not an environmentally friendly and safe material and releases unsafe and even carcinogenic substances into the atmosphere..
A fresh trend is the use of artificial stone. This material allows you to embody very effective design ideas and solutions. Imitation of natural stone – marble, granite or malachite – always looks bright and accentuates attention.
It is also necessary not to lose sight of the correct arrangement of the very plane of the window sill. It is considered optimal if two-thirds of the width of the window sill rests on the plane of the window opening. This arrangement does not impede the convection of warm air from the heating system towards the glass unit. But if there is a need to increase the overhang of the window sill, and, accordingly, its width – it is quite possible to do this, it is only necessary to provide additional thrust elements to ensure the reliability of the entire structure.
That which is located opposite the window sill on the outside of the window block is called ebb. And the function at low tide is slightly different, it is designed to divert atmospheric precipitation from the bottom of the window block. Usually this is a metal, less often plastic, profile installed at a slight slope. Most often, galvanized iron and aluminum are used for ebb tides. It is advisable to use various types of transparent or opaque coatings that protect the ebb from the corrosive effects of atmospheric moisture.