The history of the development of windows – from ancient times to the present day

For a long time, all architects, during the construction of various buildings, paid great attention to windows. It was important to choose such windows that would be in harmony with the type of building and its appearance. Particular emphasis was placed on the color, shape and size of the windows. At times, the beauty of a building depended precisely on the correct choice of windows. It was with such hard work that the building acquired an extraordinary look that met the preferences of a particular era..

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However, it is worth noting an important fact that in most of the houses of our ancestors, windows were simply absent. Most of the ancient civilizations did not know about the existence of windows, the buildings of some peoples, such as yurts and wigwams, still have only an opening for entry and exit. In some ancient civilizations, such as Ancient Greece, China, light passed through small holes. In Ancient Egypt and Ancient Rome, light penetrated indoors exclusively through the patio. The first windows appeared in the buildings of Pompeii. They were very large and bulky..

During the Byzantine Empire, narrow, elongated windows prevailed. There was a rounding in the upper part of the windows. The architects of that era did an excellent job of adjusting lighting in homes and temples. Usually, the windows were placed around the perimeter or in the dome in order to create a feeling of extraordinary bliss and lightness..

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In ancient Russia, observation windows prevailed. They were cut right in the logs. From the inside, these windows were covered with a small board. In winter, frames with oiled canvas were inserted into the windows.

In the Middle Ages, the buildings were not very beautiful. The main thing was simplicity and functionality. Most of the castles of even wealthy lords were real fortresses that protected him from enemies. That is why there were only a few small windows in the castle, from where the archers fired at the enemy. This was the Romanesque style.

The Romanesque style was replaced by the Gothic style. A feature of the Gothic was high, pointed buildings. This style is characterized by the presence of a huge number of stained glass windows, which depicted scenes of the Old and New Testaments.

The Gothic was replaced by the Renaissance. In this style, a person stands higher than any religious dogma. Antique buildings are becoming popular again. Windows are usually rectangular. Glasses lose their sublime style and become transparent.

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The Renaissance is followed by a lush baroque style. This style is characterized by windows of various shapes: circle, ellipse and others. Baroque windows are characterized by large windows, which were usually separated by several bindings. It is during this period that flat glasses appear.

Classicism, following the Baroque, is no longer distinguished by such splendor and beauty. This style is dominated by strict and slender forms. Windows from this period are close to modern windows.

In the 19th century, the Art Nouveau style appeared, which, like a sponge, absorbed the features of all styles. Combining them, new, unusual windows appear.

Since the 20th century, windows with two- and three-leaf sashes have become very popular. Since the 1920s, asymmetrical windows with large and small sash begin to prevail. This format of making windows prevails in our time. However, the aesthetic appearance of windows is now of great importance. Besides traditional wood, aluminum is used. There are a huge variety of other materials that allow you to create a window of any shape and profile..

Since ancient times, the window has changed its appearance and, in the end, acquired its modern look. The window is not only a decoration for the facade of the building. It is also a guarantee of comfort and a good atmosphere in your home.

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