Cheddar cheese – types and price. Homeland Cheddar cheese, recipes with photos and what to replace

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In the UK, this product is very popular among residents. It is unlikely that you can find a person who does not like cheese. The product is indispensable for a classic breakfast. It is convenient for preparing a light and tasty sandwich for tea, when there is sorely not enough time to mess around in the kitchen.

What is cheddar

Cheddar is a popular English cheese whose plastic dough has a yellowish tint or ivory color. Sometimes in production it is tinted with the natural dye of annatto or achiote. Cheddar is distinguished by its characteristic features: nutty, slightly sharp and sour taste. The product belongs to hard cheeses. Today, industrial production is established in all European countries of the world: this species is distinguished by a red marking. In the USA, cheese is known as Daisy Longhorn, in Canada – Store of Bulk.

In the 19th century, the first manufacturing standards appeared thanks to a milkman from Sommerset County Joseph Harding, who is called the “father of Cheddar.” On the basis of scientific technical developments, he modernized the cheese production system. The new scheme allowed to significantly increase the percentage of income from the sale of cheddar in the structure of profit from the sale of all cheeses in the country.

Where did cheddar cheese come from?

The history of cheese goes back to the 12th century. According to one legend, records of royal clerks were discovered that for 1 farthing (English silver coin) 10,240 pounds of this cheese were bought. According to another legend, the cheddar recipe was brought to England by the Romans from France, the Cantal region. In the 17th century, King Charles I of England made a purchase of cheese in the little-known village of Cheddar. There, in the caves of the gorge, there were ideal conditions for ripening cheese (cool air temperature and a good level of humidity). Although the homeland of cheddar cheese is not known reliably, the name of this village was assigned to the product variety..

Cheddar Cheese – Composition

The product is classified as high-calorie, but it contains many vitamins, useful macro- and microelements and amino acids. Composition of Cheddar Cheese:

  • vitamins: A, PP, B1, B2, B5, B6, B9, B12, E, beta-carotene and niacin;
  • macronutrients: calcium, sodium, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus;
  • trace elements: iron, zinc, manganese, copper;
  • amino acids: glutamic acid, lysine, isoleucine, leucine and others.

Cheddar Cheese on a Cutting Board

Useful properties of cheese

It is recommended to remove the cheese from the refrigerator for 20-30 minutes: when heated, it reveals the taste properties. The benefits of cheddar are associated with the wealth of minerals and vitamins in its composition:

  1. B vitamins contribute to the normalization of the functions of the nervous system.
  2. Regular use of cheese improves metabolism.
  3. Calcium strengthens the condition of bones and teeth, and magnesium contributes to the normal functioning of the cardiovascular system.
  4. Useful constituents of cheese properties help to endure long-term physical and mental stress..

Cheddar Species

Classic cheddar is a cheese that belongs to traditional rennet pressed varieties. In different countries they produce their product variations industrially and manually: from low fat to very sharp with a high fat content. The best quality cheeses are English-made. The types of cheddar cheese differ in maturity:

  • young – ripening period is 3 months;
  • middle maturity – 5-6 months;
  • mature – 9 months;
  • extra – 15 months;
  • vintage – from 18 months and more.

How to replace cheddar

If you can’t buy cheddar in your city, but you need it, you can replace it with an analogue – Dutch (“Masdamer” or “Gouda”). In soups or sauces you can use Parmesan or Pecorino Romano, as well as Gruyeres, on toasts – Surfilli or soft goat. A close analogue of cheddar cheese in terms of taste is Montmartre. It should be remembered that cheddar is firm, with a pronounced taste, so only cheeses of this group can replace it.

Hard Cheese

Cheddar Cheese Price

Price breakdown in online stores in Moscow, where you can buy cheddar:

The minimum price, p.

Maximum price, p.

Fine Life Cheddar Cheese 400 g

316.40

363.00

Cheddar 52% Aged Cathedral City, 200 g

212.00

234.00

Cheese Gallery Cheddar White 45%, 150 g (sliced)

138.00

146.00

Cheese Gallery Cheddar red 45%, package 250 g

212.00

243.80

Cheddar Cheese at Home

Cheddar cheese technology at home is simple, but the process is lengthy. The step-by-step method of cooking according to the classic recipe is designed for one serving. Only cow’s milk is used. For reliability, you can pasteurize the mass yourself at a temperature of 65 to 75 degrees. Special bacteria (yeast) will be required for the proper fermentation of milk, conditions for ripening, consistency and long-term storage of hard cheeses. Enzymes are taken for coagulation of milk.

Ingredients:

  • cow’s milk – 6 l;
  • sourdough – 2 pack;
  • enzyme – 2 pack;
  • salt to taste.

Cooking method:

  1. Pour milk into a large saucepan. Warm in a steam bath or on a stove to a temperature of 32 ° C. Remove pan.
  2. Add the starter and enzyme, leave for an hour under the lid, so that the leaven works until the curd is formed.
  3. Cut the cottage cheese into small cubes, without removing from the pan, slowly warm the mass over low heat to 40 ° C, until it begins to harden. It will take about half an hour.
  4. Remove the pan from the stove again, wrap it up with something, leave for half an hour so that the hardened curd mass settles.
  5. Gently shift the curd into a separate bowl with a slotted spoon. Drain Serum.
  6. Send the cottage cheese back to the pan, put in a water bath in a container of water heated to 42-45 ° C. Leave for a while until the cheese mass forms into a sponge-like head..
  7. Using gauze, drain excess whey, but first add a little salt to the cheese to taste and wait until absorbed (about half an hour).
  8. Wrapping the head with gauze, you can send cheese under the press, weighing up to 8 kg. For this, it is desirable to use a form. It should stand for an hour in it, after which it must be turned over and pressed again for 12-15 hours, increasing the weight. The pressing process is carried out at room temperature..
  9. It remains to dry the cheese. To do this, put it on the drainage mat for a couple of days and periodically turn the head over to dry evenly, after which it should be covered with a fabric bandage, greased with butter and sent to ripen at a temperature of + 10 ° C, humidity – 85%.
  10. Classic young cow’s milk cheese can be consumed in 3 months, but the ripening time of the cheddar can last up to two years, if you need to get a product with a spicy taste and brittle texture.

Ready Cheddar Cheese

Cheddar Cheese Recipes

Cheddar dishes are always delicious. Cheese has a slightly spicy taste and is easy to melt, so it is ideal for sauces for meat, fish, vegetables. With it you can cook casseroles, soups, salads, omelets, snacks. A cheese crust on a hot sandwich will give an appetizing look and excellent taste. Cheddar dishes can be prepared in pots, slow cookers, and an oven. One has only to show imagination, and he will wonderfully go for salads and any dishes with bananas, mustard, any pastries, and even beer. Appetizer can be combined with burgundy, cider, port.

Cheddar Sauce – Recipe

  • Cooking time: 20 minutes.
  • Servings Per Container: 6 Persons.
  • Calorie meals: 1921 kcal.
  • Purpose: for lunch.
  • Cuisine: British.
  • Difficulty: easy.

A step-by-step recipe for cooking is extremely simple, so even the most novice housewife will cope with it. Cheddar cheese sauce is served with vegetables, but you can use the supplement as a sauce for meat and side dishes. The amount of pepper and mustard varies depending on taste preferences. Food is poured only with hot sauce: in the cold, it is too thick.

Ingredients:

  • cheese – 1.5 tbsp. grated;
  • butter – 2 tbsp;
  • flour – 2 tbsp;
  • mustard powder – 0.5 tsp;
  • milk – 0.5 l;
  • pepper, salt.

Cooking method:

  1. Melt butter in a saucepan, add mustard and sifted flour.
  2. Set medium heat, stirring constantly, pour in milk.
  3. Reduce heat and simmer sauce until thick..
  4. Add grated cheddar, mix until completely dissolved.
  5. Add salt and pepper.

Cheese Sauce Cheddar

Cheddar Cheese Soup

  • Cooking time: 60 minutes.
  • Servings Per Container: 4 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 1268 kcal.
  • Purpose: for lunch.
  • Cuisine: British.
  • Difficulty: medium.

Vegetable soup with cheddar cheese will turn out tastier and more tender if it is cooked in milk and not in plain broth. A low-calorie dish is especially appreciated by those who count calories or diet. To facilitate cooking and the result, as in the photo, the recipe describes how to grind the ingredients with a hand blender, but you can do this as usual, you just have to remove the products from the pan and then transfer the whipped mashed potatoes back.

Ingredients:

  • potatoes – 3 pcs.;
  • any kind of cheddar – 200 g;
  • cauliflower – 2 pcs.;
  • carrots – 1 pc.;
  • turnip onions – 1 pc.;
  • milk – 0.3 l;
  • odorous celery – 4 petioles;
  • butter – 25 g;
  • water – 1 l;
  • chopped dill;
  • pepper, salt.

Cooking method:

  1. Peel potatoes, cut into cubes.
  2. Melt butter in a saucepan. Make a fry of carrots and onions.
  3. Pour in water, wait for a boil, pour potatoes and cabbage inflorescences, reduce the burner flame, cook for 20 minutes.
  4. Wash the celery, cut into pieces, add to the pan. 5 minutes.
  5. Beat the ingredients with a hand blender until smooth.
  6. Add milk, add salt. After boiling, remove from the stove.
  7. Grate cheese, add to soup, stir until completely dissolved.
  8. Sprinkle with dill half an hour before serving..

Cheddar Cheese Soup

Cheddar Cheese Salad

  • Cooking time: 15 minutes.
  • Servings Per Container: 4 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 1415 kcal.
  • Purpose: for lunch, dinner, holiday table.
  • Cuisine: British.
  • Difficulty: easy.

Salads with cheddar cheese are always hearty and fresh. A dish is prepared in 15 minutes, which is a huge plus when you want to feed your family something fast and tasty. Salad can be safely served even on the holiday table, without fear that someone will not like it. Each housewife should arm herself with this recipe, writing it in her culinary notebook.

Ingredients:

  • cheddar (or equivalent) – 200 g;
  • eggs – 6 pcs.;
  • iceberg salad – 1 head of cabbage;
  • tomatoes – 3 pcs.;
  • chicken fillet (boiled) – 200 g;
  • medium-sized cucumber – 1 pc.;
  • cheese sauce – 3 tbsp .;
  • black pepper (ground), salt.

Cooking method:

  1. Salad to break hands.
  2. Chicken fillet cut into large pieces.
  3. Dice cucumbers.
  4. Boil eggs, cut in half.
  5. Grated cheese.
  6. Mix all the ingredients in one bowl, add salt, pepper.
  7. Dress with sauce.
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