Homemade grape wine – simple recipes. The technology of making grape wine at home

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The secrets of winemaking can be studied for almost years. Although everyone can easily learn this art. A masterpiece worthy of world exhibitions may not work the first time, but a home-made drink will be no worse than a store. Want to try? Then learn simple recipes with photos that describe how to make wine from grapes at home..

How to cook

Three basic ingredients are required to make homemade wine. This list includes:

  • grapes;
  • sugar;
  • water.

The latter component is not used in all homemade wine recipes. It is added if only grape juice is very sour and even reduces cheekbones. In other cases, dilution with water only worsens the taste of the drink. Making wine from grapes at home begins with the collection and processing of the crop. The wild yeast necessary for fermentation must remain on the clusters. To do this, you need to collect fruit after 2-3 days of dry weather. If the grapes are purchased, then the berries can not be washed.

Making homemade wine after processing the crop involves three steps. Step-by-step instructions on how to make a drink can be described as follows:

  1. Getting pulp. It is an intermediate product of winemaking and is a mass of crushed grapes. It is not necessary to remove the ridges, but the wine will be slightly bitter with them..
  2. Wort department. This stage begins 3-5 days after receiving the pulp. Wort stands out from it – unclarified grape juice. This is already wine, but young and not starting to roam.
  3. Fermentation. At this stage, wine yeast multiplies and processes fruit sugar from grapes into alcohol. Here the wort is separated from the pulp, poured into a working glass container and closed with a stopper with a water seal or a medical glove. You can sweeten homemade wine at the same step..

Fermentation time

Many factors influence the fermentation of a drink — temperature, amount of sugar, and yeast activity. Therefore, there is no exact answer to the question of how much homemade grape wine plays. This process may take about 30-90 days. Fermentation is divided into three stages:

  1. Elementary. Yeast fungi begin active reproduction.
  2. Stormy. Bacteria finish multiplying, taking up the entire volume of the wort. The first couple of days it actively sizzles and foams. How much wine is fermenting in this phase? It can play from 0 to 100 days, depending on the desired strength of the drink..
  3. Quiet. The wort calms down, there are already quite a few bubbles. Foam settles, and fermentation takes place in the lower layers. The duration of this phase is determined by the time the fungus processes all sugar into alcohol..

Sugar amount

About 1% alcohol in the finished drink is provided with 2% sugar in the wort. The sugar content of grape varieties common in central Russia rarely exceeds 20%. They will make a drink with a strength of about 6-7%, a maximum of 10%. In addition, the sweetness of the drink will be zero, and the taste will turn out sour-astringent. The sugar content of the wort should not exceed 15-20%, otherwise the yeast will stop fermenting.

So how much sugar do you need in grape wine? The product is added fractionally after the juice tastes acidic. For each liter, 50 g of granulated sugar is required. They are diluted in 1-2 liters of drained wort, then sent back to the bottle. Do this 1 time in 3-4 days in the first 2-3 weeks of fermentation. When the juice does not taste sour anymore, it means that there is already enough sugar and more is not required.

Wine in a bottle

Proportions

In the classic version, 10 kg of grapes are taken. If each requires about 100-200 g of sugar, then in general 1-2 kg will be needed. In rare cases, water is needed. It is taken at the rate of 500 ml per 1 liter of juice. At the end of the wine make semi-sweet, sweet or fortified. There is another option – a liquor drink. The table contains the proportions of homemade wine from grapes relative to the content of alcohol and granulated sugar.

Type of drink

Sugar content,%

The alcohol content,%

Liqueur

20-30

12-17

Fortified wines

7-10

16-18

Semisweet

5-8

10-13

Sweet wines

12-18

sixteen

Dry

0-0.3%

8-10%

Sweet

The sugar and alcohol content in sweet homemade wine should be between 12-18% and 16-20%. Acidity does not exceed 0.8%. Such a drink is best made from blue grapes or use nutmeg varieties. Sugar should be added at the rate of 50-100 g per 1 liter of juice. This is at the fermentation stage. At the end, you can make a sweet homemade wine to your taste, adding a little more sugar.

Fortified

According to the traditional recipe, fortified grape wine at home is prepared with the addition of sugar and alcohol or vodka. The strength of the drink will depend on their quantity. By adding fruit or berries to the grape must, you can get different types of fortified homemade wine – vermouth, port or sherry. The proportions for them are approximately the following:

  • grapes – about 6 kg;
  • granulated sugar for fermentation – 0.6 kg; for fixing – at the rate of 100 g per liter of wort;
  • medical alcohol – 1 l.

Dry

To make homemade dry wine with your own hands, you should know that it is made completely without sugar or its amount does not exceed 0.3%. Wort fructose is fermented only by yeast. Sugar is not added at all for this purpose. For this reason, dry wines are considered the most natural, delicious and healthy. Grapes for their production are needed with a sugar content of 15-20%. It is better to take the Isabella variety:

  • from such grapes wine of a pleasant ruby ​​color is obtained;
  • this variety refers to canteens.

Semisweet

Semi-sweet home-made wine is especially popular. It is more tender, tastes good and has a clear grape aroma. As part of such a drink, no more than 8% sugar and up to 13% alcohol are found. The low content of the latter makes this wine ideal for a regular feast. The proportions of ingredients here are approximately the same – for 1 kg of grapes about 800 g of sugar and 1.5 l of water.

Red and White Wine Drink

Recipe

Before you put homemade wine yourself, you need to choose the right grapes. Only ripened fruits are suitable. In the unripe, there is a lot of acid, and in the overripe, vinegar fermentation is already beginning. It is not worth collecting the carrion, because it has an unpleasant earthen flavor. For wine making suitable technical wine grape varieties. Their clusters are not very large, and the berries themselves are small and fit snugly together. Among these varieties, Isabella, Muscat, Riesling, Merlot, Chardonnay and Cabernet stand out. For home winemaking, Crystal, Kishmish, Friendship, Dewdrop and Regent are also recommended..

Isabel

  • Cooking time: 3 months.
  • Servings Per Container: 22 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 72 kcal.
  • Purpose: for the holiday table.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: easy.

Isabella wine is very easy to make at home. This variety is unpretentious – berries are frost-resistant, have a dense structure and pleasant taste. You can even make white from this variety if you use green unripe fruits. According to the same recipe, a fortified drink is prepared, so medical alcohol will also be required.

Ingredients:

  • Isabella – 5 kg;
  • medical alcohol – 1 l;
  • granulated sugar – 0.6 kg.

Cooking method:

  1. Sort the grapes, then knead with your hands or pusher. Transfer the resulting mass into a glass jar.
  2. Leave the gruel for 3 days, then add sugar.
  3. Next cover, send to a warm place to roam for 2 weeks.
  4. Take a dense cheesecloth, fold it three times and strain the drink through it, then send it to a dark place for 2 months.
  5. After the specified time, pour alcohol into the container. Leave the blank for another 2 weeks.
  6. Then pour the drink into bottles, place them in a horizontal position for storage.

Two glasses

With water

  • Cooking time: 45 days.
  • Servings Per Container: 20 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 96 kcal.
  • Purpose: for the holiday table.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: medium.

Do-it-yourself grape wine with the addition of water is thin and not so sugary, but no less pleasant in taste. An unusual aroma of the drink gives the almond essence. If you don’t like this smell, you can add a little vanilla. In technology, an ordinary glove is involved. It does not pass oxygen to the wort, but through a small hole it releases carbon dioxide.

Ingredients:

  • wine yeast – 10 g;
  • sugar – 400 g;
  • grapes – 2 kg;
  • water – 3 l;
  • almond essence – 1 tsp.

Cooking method:

  1. First sort out the grapes, then knead and dilute with filtered water.
  2. Next, put in a warm place, leave for 4 days, so that the wort is separated from the cake.
  3. Then strain the juice, squeeze the liquid out of the cake, pour everything into a glass container.
  4. After pressing, add half the sugar, almond essence and yeast, mix.
  5. Wear a glove with a small hole in your finger, insist 4 days.
  6. Take a little wort, add 100 g of granulated sugar to it, pour back.
  7. When the glove ceases to inflate, remove from sediment using a thin hose.
  8. Cover with a nylon cover, let stand for another week.
  9. Again, remove the wine from the sediment, you can drink it after full maturation after 1 to 12 months.

Fruits

From grape juice

  • Cooking time: 76 days.
  • Servings Per Container: 30 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 133 kcal.
  • Purpose: for the holiday table.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: easy.

To the surprise of some gourmets, you can make wine at home. In addition to punctuality and patience, nothing is required of you here. But the drink is very tasty, and the aroma is simply amazing. Together with squeezed juice, grapes themselves can be used. The proportions of sugar can again be adjusted to your taste, making semi-sweet or sweet dessert wine. As for the varieties, it is recommended to use several at once. For example, merlot and cabernet produce a very tasty wine.

Ingredients:

sugar – 1.5 kg;

grape juice – 5 l.

Cooking method:

  1. Put the squeezed juice together with grapes in a container of a suitable size.
  2. Leave the mixture in a warm place for 3 days. Stir twice a day.
  3. Then squeeze the mass under the press or with your hands, then strain into a glass container, put on a glove with a small hole on it.
  4. Insist 40 days in a well-ventilated area.
  5. If part of the wort is not included, then pour it every 2 days.
  6. When the carbon dioxide stops coming out, inject sugar in the indicated amount.
  7. Next, filter the drink, bottle and insist at a temperature of 11-14 degrees for a month.

Dry

Recycled from pulp

  • Cooking time: 48 days.
  • Servings Per Container: 20 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 56 kcal.
  • Purpose: for the holiday table.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: easy.

According to the classical recipe, only wort is involved in the fermentation process, i.e. cake, which remains after filtering, is not used for cooking wine. Although for him there is a separate recipe. Learn how to make a “second wine.” It will not be as saturated as a first-class drink. This is a matter of taste – someone even likes this wine very much. Its aroma is not worse, it just has a different shade. The very second wine from the pulp is obtained with less strength..

Ingredients:

  • purified water – 5 l;
  • cake of dark grapes – 5 kg;
  • sugar – 1 kg.

Cooking method:

  1. Put the cake in a clean, dry dish.
  2. Next, add the mixture of sugar with water.
  3. Pour the resulting mixture into 3 liter cans.
  4. Wear rubber gloves on top of them. On one of the fingers make a small puncture with a needle.
  5. Leave the drink to ferment until the pulp is compressed and loses its initial color. This will take about 40-45 days.
  6. Then strain the wort, removing the entire cake.
  7. Leave the wine for another 3-4 days.
  8. If the taste of the drink suits, then bottle. Otherwise, leave to roam for a couple of days.

Add water to the pulp

White

  • Cooking time: 4 months.
  • Servings Per Container: 15 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 128 kcal.
  • Purpose: for the holiday table.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: easy.

Having studied the recipe for white grape wine, you will learn how to prepare a unique drink with an exceptional aroma and taste. The process will take several months, so you have to be patient. But the result will please not only you, but also the guests. Connoisseurs of noble booze will definitely appreciate this wine. You can adjust the sweetness of the drink yourself. According to the same recipe, the wine is semi-sweet.

Ingredients:

  • sugar – 3 kg;
  • grapes – 10 kg.

Cooking method:

  1. Carefully sort out the grapes, remove the rotten berries, and transfer the rest to an enameled bucket.
  2. Stretch the product thoroughly. When juice stands out, cover with gauze.
  3. Insist 5 days in a warm place. Stir the contents several times a day with a wooden spatula.
  4. Next, the pulp is thrown into a colander, and strain the juice in a glass container, fill it only by 75%.
  5. Add sugar, put on top a glove with several punctures, fix it with an elastic.
  6. After 3 weeks, fermentation is almost over. At this point, you can add more sugar to your liking. In this case, leave the drink for another 1-2 weeks.
  7. Then strain the juice into bottles, plug it with stoppers, send it to the cellar for 3 months..

White and grape

Glove recipes

  • Cooking time: 3 months.
  • Servings Per Container: 12 Persons.
  • Calorie content: 112 kcal.
  • Purpose: for the holiday table.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: easy.

It turns out very fragrant homemade wine from grapes with a glove. According to this recipe, it is prepared and varieties of Lydia and Isabella. More precisely, the juice of this grape is taken. The mixture of elderberry, oak bark and sage gives a special taste to the drink. It is added to the bottle with a must in a gauze bag. At the end of fermentation, they simply get it, and thanks to this, the wine acquires an unusually fragrant aroma.

Ingredients:

  • Isabella juice – 0.8 l;
  • sage, oak bark, elderberry flowers – to taste;
  • granulated sugar – 320 g;
  • Lydia grape juice – 1.2 l.

Cooking method:

  1. Knead the grapes well, and after a couple of hours squeeze by hand and strain the juice through cheesecloth into a glass container.
  2. Then dissolve the granulated sugar, and then set the glove with punctures. Leave the drink until it falls.
  3. Then remove from sediment, pour into a clean jar.
  4. Introduce a gauze bag with additives.
  5. Close again, leave for 1 month.
  6. Re-remove the drink from the precipitate, remove the bag with additives.
  7. Insist for about 2 months.

Rubber gloves on the banks

Of red grapes

  • Cooking time: 73 days.
  • Servings Per Container: 15 Persons.
  • Calorie dishes: 147 kcal.
  • Purpose: for the holiday table.
  • Cuisine: Russian.
  • Difficulty: medium.

The benefits of homemade wine are manifested in its moderate use. Blood pressure is normalized, hemoglobin rises and radioactive substances are excreted. From home-made red grapes, the drink is more powerful, aromatic and tart. All thanks to the bones, which in large quantities contain tannins. The wine turns bright and fragrant by mixing the pigments secreted by the skin with transparent juice.

Ingredients:

  • red grape variety – 10 kg;
  • granulated sugar – 2 kg.

Cooking method:

  1. Sort the berries, crush them with a push or clean, dry hands.
  2. Cover with gauze, let stand for three days. Stir contents periodically.
  3. Collect the pulp layer, squeeze, and filter the juice itself with gauze. Pour everything into a glass container.
  4. Then within 10 days gradually introduce all the sugar in portions.
  5. Close the bottle with a pharmacy glove with punctures.
  6. Send the container to a warm place for 60 days.
  7. When the glove is deflated, you can bottle the juice.
  8. Next send for storage to a cool place.
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