The content of the article
- How to choose a good watermelon
- Ripening seasonality
- What is the sound of a ripe watermelon
- The presence of nitrates in the berry
- How to recognize a good watermelon
- Yellow spot on the side
- Bright stripes on the peel
- Thick and shiny crust
- Dry tail
- Voiced and deep sound
- “Boy” or “girl”?
- The most delicious varieties
- Crimson Gloria
- Early varieties Skorik and Photon
- Hybrid grade Chill
- Where is better to buy a watermelon
- Quality certificate
Sweet, juicy and velvety flesh of watermelon pleasantly refreshes on a hot day and quenches thirst. In addition, it is a source of iron, potassium, magnesium, folic acid, fiber, pectin and vitamin C. There is a need to solve the problem of how to choose a watermelon, because it is not so difficult to determine a juicy and tasty fruit. The main thing in this matter is a competent approach, otherwise, there is a risk of getting light pink instead of red scarf without any pleasant taste.
How to choose a good watermelon
The right choice of such a berry is necessary due to the fact that in some watermelons harmful substances may be present. Poisoning with nitrates, the content of which in the fetus sometimes exceeds the norm, causes headache, nausea and vomiting. In addition, do not buy gourds near motorways, as car exhaust contains heavy metals and harmful substances. To buy ripe fruit, consider the following key criteria:
- ripening seasonality;
- the sound that a watermelon makes when tapping it;
In order not to buy an unripe fruit, take into account the month in which you decided to purchase melon products. The most delicious watermelons ripen in the season, which begins in mid-August and continues until the end of September. The early fruits, as a rule, are saturated with nitrates, because producers who seek to harvest faster feed the gourds with growth stimulants and nitrogen fertilizers. If you want to enjoy healthy products without any consequences for your health, then try to be patient and take into account the full maturity.
One of the signs of ripeness of the fetus is appearance. Inspect it and make sure there are bright contrasting stripes on the surface. They, like a shiny hard crust, are considered a sure sign of ripeness of the fetus. If they do not appear, then feel free to pass by and continue your search. In addition, make sure that there are no dents, soft spots, small cracks, scratches, or other damage on the watermelon surface. The fact is that microbes and bacteria can easily enter the fetus through them..
It will be good if the fruit has a slightly elongated or spherical shape, even and uniform color – this is a huge plus in favor of choosing a particular product. Be sure to rub the crust, as immature products will have a pronounced smell of fresh hay. In addition, do not buy cut fruits – in this case, even the presence of certificates may not protect against possible health problems.
What is the sound of a ripe watermelon
Do not forget that gourds should be sold either on the store counter, or in trade tents with an awning or on special floorings located above the ground. In order not to choose an unripe or, on the contrary, an overripe fruit, be sure to tap it with your fist. A ripe watermelon makes a clear, clear sound. If it turns out to be deaf, then refuse the purchase and continue your search. In addition, attach the ear to the fruit and squeeze the berry slightly – light cracking is a sign of quality.
The presence of nitrates in the berry
Try to choose medium-sized gourds. Large fruits, despite their tempting and mouth-watering appearance, are often grown using nitrates. As for the small ones, they often turn out to be not very sweet, although everything will depend on the variety. Pay attention to the cut watermelon (if the seller has it). If the seeds turn out to be white, then the watermelon is either immature, or there are a lot of nitrates in it. Seeds must be black or dark brown.
In addition, the implausible bright color of the pulp with a lilac shade should alert you. Another point that can speak of an excess of nitrates is the smooth gloss on the surface of the cut. Do not forget that nitrates are concentrated closer to the crust, in this regard, leave the juicy core to the children – it is just the most delicious. Do not try the berry if its flesh is penetrated by yellow or light yellow fibers..
How to recognize a good watermelon
The process of finding a berry suitable for consumption can take a lot of time, because You have to examine the fetus from all sides and make sure there is a bright striped peel. Of particular importance is the stalk. If it is not there, then there is a chance that it was torn off intentionally, because the goods went through long-term storage and long transportation. To choose a delicious gourmet product, pay attention to:
- yellow spot on the side;
- bright striped peel;
- “Gender” (boy or girl).
Yellow spot on the side
Since the fruit lies on one side, a light spot forms in the place of contact with the surface of the earth with time, which has a yellow or orange hue. In another way it is also called the “cheek”. You should be guarded by an unevenly painted, too light or large surface. This is a sign that the berry did not last long on the melon. The optimal size of such a spot is considered to be 5-10 cm. Another sure sign of ripeness is light spots of small sizes. They appear on the entire surface of the watermelon peel after the production of chlorophyll stops..
Bright stripes on the peel
Choosing the right watermelon is a little more complicated than it might seem at first glance. Another important sign of the ripeness of melons is the presence of contrasting strips, and bright ones. The color should be bright green. If you did not notice them or they are visible only slightly, then continue your choice. It is better to spend more time looking for a tasty and ripe berry than later to make sure that the purchase made was a waste of money.
Thick and shiny crust
The peel should be smooth and shiny, but due to the fact that sellers constantly rub their products, choose a watermelon from the depth of the calculation. In addition, the crust must be hard, because it hardens when the fruit reaches maturity and ceases to absorb water. Try to pierce the crust with your fingernail, if this does not succeed, then the product in front of you is of really excellent quality. Despite its good density, such a crust can be easily scratched. Before choosing the product you are interested in, make sure that the peel is not matte and the pattern is clear.
The peduncle is no less important when choosing a suitable watermelon than other criteria. The tail must be dry, because it dries out when the gourds ripen completely. If the stalk is green, then you see a fruit that has been plucked to full ripening, although the green tail gradually acquires a yellow hue in the long-harvested unripe watermelons. Another difference between ripe and unripe berries is that in a ripe fruit the stalk is fragile and breaks easily, while in an unripe one it is more sluggish.
Voiced and deep sound
Tap on each watermelon with your fist, listen carefully to the sound. In ripened gourds, it should be clear, sonorous. In unripe watermelons, the sound is usually dull. True, it is very difficult to hear ringing through a strong and thick peel. Despite this, do not neglect such a well-known method of checking the ripeness of the fetus. Additionally, you can squeeze a little berry – it should crack slightly.
“Boy” or “girl”?
Not every buyer of such products knows that the watermelon is gender. It’s not so difficult to distinguish a “boy” from a “girl”. Female fruits have a completely flat lower part with a large circle of brown on the peel. Male watermelons are characterized by a convex lower part and a very small circle. It’s better to choose female berries, as they are the sweetest and most delicious. In addition, they have an order of magnitude less seeds.
The most delicious varieties
To choose a ripe and sweet watermelon, check out the distinctive features and characteristics of popular varieties. Find out how much they weigh on average, what kind of skin color they have, etc. When choosing, note that the ripe berry should be heavy, but the overripe version in most cases is much easier. In addition, never ask to incise the fruit to determine ripeness – this opens up access for microbes, which develop especially rapidly in the hot season. Popular and widespread varieties are:
- Crimson Gloria;
This variety was bred on the Crimean peninsula. It has a long shelf life and good resistance to disease, due to which it is perfectly transported over long distances. Gained considerable distribution in the south of the country – one of such regions is the Volgograd region. The average weight of the variety ranges from 10-17 kg. The crust is thicker compared to the Astrakhan species, due to which the fruit is reliably protected from damage during long transport. The pulp is tender and sweet..
This type of fruit is one of the most popular and in demand in Russia. By the end of August, as a rule, the sweetest and largest Astrakhan watermelons begin to appear on the shelves. As a separate variety, it was bred in 1977 through the efforts of one of the country’s leading breeders at that time. This fruit has a spherical or slightly oblong shape. The flesh of the ripened berry is juicy, fragrant, coarse-grained. Her color is bright red..
The color of the Astrakhan fruit is green. The drawing on the surface consists of spike-like stripes that have a dark green tint. The average weight varies between 8-10 kg. In the dry season, voids may appear inside the fetus, but they have no effect on taste. In general, it is better to buy a good quality fruit with sweet and tasty pulp without any voids..
Berries of this species never grow too large – their weight in most cases does not exceed 10 kg. If you will be shown a 15-20 kilogram giant and still assure that you have a Kherson variety, then do not believe it – it is either of a different type, or it was grown using a large amount of nitrates. Watermelon has a rounded shape and an average bark thickness of 9-12 mm. The pulp is red, sweet, juicy, grainy, so this species is very popular.
Early varieties Skorik and Photon
Among the varieties available today, there are many ripening. One of them is Skoryk, which has pronounced taste properties. The fruits are striped and large, and the seeds are black. The shape is spherical or spherical-oblate. Skorik is the earliest Russian type of watermelon. The pulp is dense, bright red. The average weight is from 2 to 4 kg. This kind is appreciated for its relatively large size, rich watermelon aroma and juicy honey-sweet pulp. The surface is smooth, the background is green, and the picture is presented in the form of dark green stripes with blurry edges..
Having decided to choose an early product, pay attention to Photon. The fruit has an average size, slightly oblong shape, weight of about 4 kg. The drawing is light green in the form of wide stripes of a dark green hue. Seeds are round and black, and the flesh is red, loose and tender. After harvesting, the Photon is stored for about 2-3 weeks. Carries well. Ripe Photon has a pleasant and sweet taste, fresh aroma.
Hybrid grade Chill
If you plan to choose a medium-late look, then you will like the Chill. The average weight is about 4.2 kg, so we can assume that this species is large. The chill has an elongated-spherical shape with medium and leathery bark, so distinguishing this variety from others is not so difficult to distinguish. The pulp is grainy, juicy, intense red in color with a pink tint. Seeds are large – in length reach 1.5 cm, and sometimes even more.
Where is better to buy a watermelon
Before you learn how to choose a watermelon, you need to decide on the place of purchase. To do this, you need to go to specialized stores or walk along the rows with trading tents, which must be equipped with an awning. If gourd products are presented on special floors, then make sure that they are located at a height of at least 15 cm from the ground.
In addition, outlets should be located away from roads, as vehicle exhausts are absorbed by melons instantly. Also, do not forget that delicate watermelon pulp is the optimal medium for the propagation of microorganisms that enter through invisible cracks along with dirt and dust. Choosing and buying safe products in such places is unlikely to succeed. Although many buyers neglect this recommendation..
To find melon products that are really safe for your health, pay attention to the watermelon certificate. Ask the seller to present it. If there is one, then read the data indicated in it: the place of collection, the date of harvest, the content of nitrates and other characteristics. Based on them, you can make a final conclusion, choose one or another product from a particular seller or not. If you are offered a photocopy of the certificate, then it should be colored and the text clear.