Semka: useful properties and harm of cereals

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Everyone knows about the value of porridge for a person from an early age. However, semolina, its useful properties and possible harm has recently caused a lot of controversy among specialists. For example, pediatricians generally do not recommend parents to buy it for their children. To decide for yourself whether to include this product in the diet, it is worth considering its characteristics, production features, composition.

What is semolina

The history of the use of this grain product goes back to ancient times. Some housewives do not know from which plant they receive semolina, and what useful properties it has. On the shelves of supermarkets you can find several types of product. Semolina is a crushed grain of wheat, with a fraction size of 0.25-0.75 mm. By marking on the packaging “M”, “MT” or “T” you can find out what kind of cereal was used in the production – soft, hard or mixture (15/85).

Semolina in a wooden bowl

What is made of

All cereals are made from cereals. Have you ever wondered what semolina is made of? From wheat. In fact, the product is coarse flour with particles with a diameter of 0.25-1.5 mm. The difference in different species is due to the type of grain: hard or soft. The quality of wheat used for the production of semolina is regulated by GOST 7022-97, updated in 2015.

Structure

To understand how semolina is useful for the body, it is worth considering its chemical composition. 100 grams of the product contains valuable vitamins, minerals, minerals. Below is a detailed table included in the composition of semolina substances:

Item name

Content (per 100 g of product)

Tocopherol

1.5 mg

Thiamine

0.39 mg

Pyridoxine

0.1 mg

Magnesium

47 mg

Vitamin B3

0.08 mg

Vitamin B5

0.6 mg

Iron

1.23 mg

Zinc

0.105 mg

Copper

0, 19 mg

Sodium

1 mg

Potassium

185 mg

Phosphorus

136 mg

Folic acid

0.072 mg

Calcium

20 mg

Riboflavin

0.27 mg

Manganese

0.62 mg

Calorie content

For those who monitor the health of all family members, it is important to know how many carbohydrates are in semolina and the energy ratio of BJU elements. This indicator is influenced by many factors: from which cereals are made, with the addition of which ingredients a dish is prepared and so on. Durum wheat is less calorie. The highest energy value is characterized by dry cereal from soft varieties of cereal – about 330 calories. Below is a table of calorie dishes from semolina per 100 grams.

Milk porridge

100 kcal

Porridge on the water

80 kcal

Chicken cutlets with semolina

196 kcal

Syrniki

183 kcal

Manna

218 kcal

Cottage cheese casserole

168 kcal

Plate of semolina porridge with berries

What is useful for decoy

For the ability to assimilate well and provide the body with quick saturation with nutrients, cereal is widely used in cooking. From it you can not only cook porridge. The product is well suited for dough, cooking creams, meatballs, curd cheesecakes. Doctors, knowing how semolina porridge is useful, recommend dishes from this cereal to people after illness to quickly restore strength. Benefit:

  1. Due to the small amount of fiber it can be included in the diet of people with stomach diseases..
  2. The product is digested by the lower intestine, therefore, it helps to remove excess mucus, fats, and salts from the body..
  3. Due to the content of antioxidants it helps to fight stress.
  4. Low in protein, therefore used by people with kidney failure..
  5. Saturates the body with nutrients for a long time.
  6. Due to the content of dietary fiber, it has a positive effect on the functioning of the heart and helps prevent cancer.
  7. Vitamin E in semolina increases mental activity.

For adults

Experts recommend semolina in the postoperative period for quick recovery. Due to the ability of this product to quickly increase glucose levels, after its use a surge of strength is felt. In this regard, semolina is useful for physically active men. For people with a healthy stomach and intestines, eating semolina is a great way to prevent digestive diseases..

For children

Before you include semolina dishes in your child’s diet, you should familiarize yourself with its properties. The product contains a large amount of gluten, which is difficult to digest by preschoolers. For babies and babies up to 3 years old, experts generally do not recommend semolina. The only advantage of the product is that it helps to gain weight for children with a lack of body weight..

The harm of decoy

Beloved by many semolina porridge and other products with this cereal have the following contraindications:

  • celiac disease due to its high gluten content;
  • children under 7 years old due to the ability of cereals to remove calcium from the body;
  • advanced age due to the development of osteoporosis and the appearance of obesity;
  • diabetes;
  • overweight – losing weight, alas, on semolina is impossible;
  • gout;
  • joint diseases.

Overweight man

Pediatricians do not recommend often consuming semolina for children for the following reasons:

  1. Croup contains phytin, which interferes with the absorption of calcium. As a result, blood coagulation is disturbed, convulsions, heart problems appear.
  2. Gluten in cereals often provokes allergies and gastrointestinal disorders.
  3. Manka leads to iron deficiency anemia due to malabsorption of iron.

How to choose semolina

To make semolina dishes tasty and healthy, it is important to choose the groats in the store correctly. To do this, use the following recommendations:

  1. Packaging should be polyethylene, transparent. Thanks to this, you can verify the quality of the product. Groats in paper bags and boxes can deteriorate if stored improperly.
  2. It is important to ensure that there are no impurities. Improper storage can lead to bugs in the cereal.
  3. Pay attention to the color. With its help it is easy to determine the exact composition of cereals. If the semolina has white or creamy grains, then it belongs to the form “M” with minimal benefit and high calorie content. For a healthy diet, it is better to choose cereals with saturated cream grains with a ribbed, translucent, “T” brand structure.
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